A big (L 19 cm), heavily built lark, sandy-coloured with large head, stout bill and with a black patch on neck-side. Its most typical habitats are open areas, ranging from fallow to extensively farmed cereal crops. The diet is largely insects, but seeds and fruits also. Migrant.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The decline of this species is related mainly to agricultural intensification, including irrigation. Other factors which may also have contributed to the decline include hunting and the abandonement of cropland.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : 1,000,000 / 3,000,000 pairs
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