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Gull-billed Tern
Gelochelidon nilotica

Map of the common names

Gull-like bird, small (L 35 cm) with stout body and with heavy and short all-black bill. Gull-billed Tern breeds on sand-beaches and muddy areas with short vegetation. Outside the breeding season, the species inhabits marshes, steppe-lagoons, uncultivated land close to water-bodies and even along coasts. There is a considerable variation in their diet which includes: insects, frogs, fishs, small lizards, etc. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
Gull-billed Terns are declining widely in Europe and are now rare. The most likely reasons are loss of foraging and breeding habitats through the intensification of agriculture, the use of pesticides and predation at nesting sites by foxes, rats and dogs.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
about 3,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species