Bird of prey (L 45 cm). In flight, long wings and tail give the appearance of an anchor. Varies in coloration, from dark to pale grey. Peregrine breed in a wide variety of habitats: from tundra to woodlands. In south Europe, the species nests on crags along river valleys and steppe-like areas of cultivated land. The favourite prey is the feral pigeon (Columba livia) wherever this is freely available, but Peregrines feed on an extremely wide range of other bird species. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex
The widespread post-1960 decline in Peregrine numbers were caused by food-chain contamination with persistent toxic chemical residues, mainly of agricultural organochlorines insecticides. The restrictions and later bans on the majority of persistent organochlorines over most of Europe were followed by the general recovery in Peregrine numbers. Today, some nests are robbed by egg-collectors and to supply a clandestine trade for falconry.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
4,700 / 6,000 pairs
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