Small bird of prey (L 30 cm), difficult to identify. Wings short and broad at base, though tail long and conspicuosly square-ended. The Merlin is found mainly in open habitats where it can easily locate prey, mainly small birds. North populations are migrants and those from the south residents.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The main threats to this species are loss of habitats, contamination of birds with organochlorines from agriculture, human disturbance and nest-robbing by falconers.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : about 10,000 pairs
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