Navigation path

High level navigation


Page navigation

Additional tools

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • Print version
  • Decrease text
  • Increase text

Black Woodpecker
Dryocopus martius

Map of the common names


The biggest of the woodpeckers (L 46 cm) and all-black, male has red crown , on female reduced to a red "postage stamp" on nape. Occurs in old forest, both pure pine and deciduous (beech groves), with trees of different ages and size. Feeds on various tree-dwelling insects, especially ants and coleoptera, but also takes fruits. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

The species is threatened mainly because of the loss of habitat through intensive forestry which has resulted in reduction of old deciduous forest and old tree-cutting. Illegal hunting is an additional problem.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 75,000 / 110,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species