The biggest of the woodpeckers (L 46 cm) and all-black, male has red crown , on female reduced to a red "postage stamp" on nape. Occurs in old forest, both pure pine and deciduous (beech groves), with trees of different ages and size. Feeds on various tree-dwelling insects, especially ants and coleoptera, but also takes fruits. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The species is threatened mainly because of the loss of habitat through intensive forestry which has resulted in reduction of old deciduous forest and old tree-cutting. Illegal hunting is an additional problem.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : 75,000 / 110,000 pairs
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