The largest (L 25 cm) of the "pied" woodpeckers, has black back and shoulders. It is tied to older forests with decayed and fallen trees. Feeds on tree-dwelling insects and their larvae as well as on seeds of trees. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The species used to be distributed more widely than at present and most of EU countries hold now marginal populations. The White-backed Woodpecker' habitat is threatened through an intensive forestry.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : less than 1,000 pairs
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