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Corncrake
Crex crex

Map of the common names

Description

Noticed mainly by its call. L 25 cm. Tall grass and herbs are a crucial requirement all year. Breeding habitat comprise wet and dry meadows and other fairly open marshy areas. During migration, birds use steppe brush areas. The food is mainly insects and other small invertebrates. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

Though widespread in EU, Corcrake is declining due mainly to habitat loss and high mortality caused by the intensification and mechanization of hay and silage making. The use of machines for cutting hay and an associated shift to earlier and more rapidly completed harvesting, cause increased destruction of nests, adults and particularly young. Hunting and collisions with powelines are additional threats.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 2,800 / 4,500 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos


back to list of threatened species