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Coracias garrulus

Map of the common names


Medium-size bird (L 30 cm). At closer range unmistakable, but at distances, especially in flight, can be mistaken for a pigeon. Turquoise-blue plumage, blue wing with black edge and heavy bill. The Roller inhabits open woods and riparian galleries as well as coniferous and leafy forest with clearings. Needs open areas where it can hunt food, it takes mainly large insects and other invertebrates and small lizards. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

There has been a dramatic decline in population size and range between 1970 and 1990. The most important factors are considered to have been the loss of habitat, the use of pesticides in modern agriculture which is reducing abundance of large insect prey , illegal shooting and competition with Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) for nest sites.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 4,800 / 12,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species