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White Stork
Ciconia ciconia

Map of the common names

Description The bigest stork (L 105 cm) in Europe. The birds prefer natural or extensively managed lowland wet grassland or cultivated farmland, preferably with ponds and streams, as this provides abundant prey, especially frogs, snakes, fishs and rodents. Nests are placed mainly on houses, but there are also colonies on trees and unfrequently on rocks. Migrant but an increasing percentage of the population is sedentary.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

There has been a major decline through the twentieth century, although in south European countries (France and the Iberian Peninsula) this trend seems to be reversed. The declines are attributed in many countries largely to destruction and deterioration of breeding and feeding habitat, collision with and electrocution by powerlines and climatic changes in the African winter quarters.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : about 20,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos


back to list of threatened species