Europe's biggest owl (L 70 cm), with conspicuous ear-tufts and big orange eyes. The species inhabits extremely varied habitats, from cliff faces in mountainous regions to steep slopes in low woodlands. In winter, occurs on flat land. The diet consists of small and medium-sized mammals and birds. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The species is extremely sensitive to man's presence. Large number of owls have been killed by illegal shooting and by overhead wires, either by direct collision or by electrocution. The level of nest-robbing by egg-collectors is relatively high.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : 4,700 / 7,500 pairs
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