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Imperial Eagle
Aquila heliaca

Map of the common names


Big and heavy eagle (L 80 cm), darker and always recognised by white scapuler patches. Breeding habitat comprises hill and mountain forests, but also steppes, open landscapes and agricultural areas. Imperial Eagle feeds mainly on medium-sized mammals (Citellus, Lepus), birds and carion. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

The EU has very small breeding population (two pairs) of this very rare species. Forestry practices may be the most important threat, including deforestation, reafforestation with alien species, disturbance to breeding birds by forestry operations and increased accesibility of previously remote areas due to the construction of tracks. Persecution and hunting are likely to be also a problem. In the last few years powerlines have been the cause of high mortality through electrocution or collision.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : less than 10 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species