A huge raptor (L 85 cm), with majestical gliding or soaring flight. Adults uniformly dark, except for golden-yellow nape and head. Typically the species occupies mountain landscapes wher tree cover is sparse or fragmented. Such lowland birds are exclusively tree-nesting, but elsewhere nests are predominantly on cliffs. Food is diverse, including mammals, birds of differents species, snakes and other reptiles and tortoises (Testudo). Resident.
The species is considered rare in the EU. Historically, the greatest threats to Golden Eagle have been shooting, the poisoning and trapping of adult birds, and human interference at nests, including egg-collecting. Some or all of these activities persist today.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : 3,000 / 4,000 pairs
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