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European Red Lists

The European Red List of Threatened Species

The European Red List of Species is a review of the conservation status of c. 11,000 European species (mammals, reptiles, amphibians, freshwater fishes, butterflies, dragonflies, birds, bees, marine fishes, medicinal plants, grasshoppers, crickets and bush-crickets, and selected groups of beetles, molluscs, and vascular plants).

Developed by IUCN, with financial support from the EU, the European Red Lists identify those species that are threatened with extinction at the European level – so that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status.