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Geographic Patterns

Species richness

For reptiles, there is a clear gradient of increasing species richness from north to south, with the greatest richness being found in the Balkan peninsula. The glacial refugia of the Iberian, Italian and Balkan peninsulas are all important centres of diversity, as are a number of Mediterranean islands.

Species richness of European reptiles

Species richness of European reptiles
Species richness of European reptiles
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Distribution of threatened species

Maps showing the distribution of threatened reptiles in Europe reveal somewhat different patterns from depictions of overall species diversity. The greatest concentration of threatened species is found in the Iberian peninsula, with the Balkans and Cyprus also highlighted as having a high number of threatened species.

Distribution of threatened reptiles in Europe.

Distribution of reptiles in Europe
Distribution of threatened reptiles in Europe
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