These summary statistics and analyses are based on the European amphibians dataset published in May 2009.
The status of amphibians was assessed at two regional levels: geographical Europe, and the EU 27. At the European level 22.9% were considered threatened, of which 2.4% Critically Endangered, 7.2% Endangered and 13.3% Vulnerable. A similar pattern was seen in the EU 27 (22.0% threatened, of which 2.4% CR, 6.1% EN and 13.4% VU).
Overall, nearly a quarter of amphibians are considered threatened in Europe. A further 16.9% of amphibians are considered Near Threatened. By comparison, 19.4% of European reptiles, 15.2% of European mammals and 13% of European birds are threatened. A further 6 amphibian species were classed as Not Applicable, either because they were introduced after AD 1500 or are of marginal occurrence in the European region.
|IUCN Red List categories||No. species Europe (no. endemic species)||No. species EU 27 (no. endemic species)|
|Extinct in the Wild (EW)||0||0|
|Regionally Extinct (RE)||0||0|
|Critically Endangered (CR)||2(2)||2(2)|
|Near Threatened (NT)||14(13)||15(12)|
|Least Concern (LC)||49(32)||48(19)|
|Data Deficient (DD)||1(0)||1(0)|
|Total number of species assessed *||83(64)||82(46)|
*Excluding species that are considered Not Applicable
European amphibians belong to a number of different families, among which considerable differences exist both in species numbers as well as in threatened status. The Anuran families Alytidae (midwife toads), Bombinatoridae (fire-bellied toads), and Ranidae (true frogs) contain a high proportion of threatened species, as do all three families of newts and salamanders (Plethodontidae, Proteidae and Salamandridae). Of the eight Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders) occurring in Europe, 50% are threatened and the remaining 50% are Near Threatened. The family Proteidae (mudpuppies or waterdogs) contains six extant species worldwide, of which only one (the Olm Proteus anguinus) occurs in Europe – this species is considered Vulnerable, so 100% of species in the family Proteidae are threatened at the European level.