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IUCN Red List Status

These summary statistics and analyses are based on the European amphibians dataset published in May 2009.

The status of amphibians was assessed at two regional levels: geographical Europe, and the EU 27. At the European level 22.9% were considered threatened, of which 2.4% Critically Endangered, 7.2% Endangered and 13.3% Vulnerable. A similar pattern was seen in the EU 27 (22.0% threatened, of which 2.4% CR, 6.1% EN and 13.4% VU).

Overall, nearly a quarter of amphibians are considered threatened in Europe. A further 16.9% of amphibians are considered Near Threatened. By comparison, 19.4% of European reptiles, 15.2% of European mammals and 13% of European birds are threatened. A further 6 amphibian species were classed as Not Applicable, either because they were introduced after AD 1500 or are of marginal occurrence in the European region.

 

Summary of numbers of amphibian species within each category of threat.
IUCN Red List categories No. species Europe (no. endemic species) No. species EU 27 (no. endemic species)
Extinct (EX) 0 0
Extinct in the Wild (EW) 0 0
Regionally Extinct (RE) 0 0
THREATENED
CATEGORIES
Critically Endangered (CR) 2(2) 2(2)
Endangered (EN) 6(6) 5(5)
Vulnerable (VU) 11(11) 11(8)
  Near Threatened (NT) 14(13) 15(12)
Least Concern (LC) 49(32) 48(19)
Data Deficient (DD) 1(0) 1(0)
Total number of species assessed * 83(64) 82(46)

*Excluding species that are considered Not Applicable

Red List status of amphibians in Europe

Red List status of amphibians in Europe
Red List status of amphibians in Europe
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Red List status of amphibians in the EU 27
Red List status of amphibians in the EU 27
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Status by taxonomic group

European amphibians belong to a number of different families, among which considerable differences exist both in species numbers as well as in threatened status. The Anuran families Alytidae (midwife toads), Bombinatoridae (fire-bellied toads), and Ranidae (true frogs) contain a high proportion of threatened species, as do all three families of newts and salamanders (Plethodontidae, Proteidae and Salamandridae). Of the eight Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders) occurring in Europe, 50% are threatened and the remaining 50% are Near Threatened. The family Proteidae (mudpuppies or waterdogs) contains six extant species worldwide, of which only one (the Olm Proteus anguinus) occurs in Europe – this species is considered Vulnerable, so 100% of species in the family Proteidae are threatened at the European level.


Red List Status (European Regional level) of amphibians by taxonomic family.
Order Family Total* CR EN VU NT LC DD % Threatened
Anura Alytidae 9 0 0 2 3 4 0 22.2%
Anura Bombinatoridae 3 0 1 0 0 2 0 33.3%
Anura Bufonidae 6 0 0 0 0 5 1 0%
Anura Hylidae 5 0 0 0 0 5 0 0%
Anura Pelobatidae 3 0 0 0 1 2 0 0%
Anura Pelodytidae 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0%
Anura Ranidae 21 1 3 2 2 13 0 28.6%
Caudata Plethodontidae 8 0 1 3 4 0 0 50%
Caudata Proteidae 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 100%
Caudata Salamandridae 25 1 1 3 4 16 0 20%
Total 83 2 6 11 14 49 1 22.9

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