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Conservation status of large carnivores

In 2012 the conservation status of European large carnivores was assessed by a group of experts from each country where large carnivores are present. Although the available data and the methodology used varied greatly from country to country, the information presented below represents the best available independent assessment of large carnivore status for the period 2010-2012.

Brown bear – Ursus arctos

Bear map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (c. 2012)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

3400

Increasing

Karelian

Norway, Finland

1700

Increasing

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia

710

Increasing

Carpathian

Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Serbia

7200

Stable

Dinaric-Pindos

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia, Greece

3070

Increase

Alpine

Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia

45-50

Stable

Eastern Balkan

Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia

600

Stable or decrease

Central Apennine

Italy

40-80

Stable

Cantabrian

Spain

195-210

Increase

Pyrenean

France, Spain

22-27

Increase

Wolf – Canis lupus

Wolf map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (c. 2012)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

260-330

Increase

Karelian

Finland

150-165

Decrease

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

870-1400

Stable to increase

Central European lowlands

Germany, Poland

36 packs

Increase

Carpathian

Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Serbia

3000

Stable

Dinaric-Balkan

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*), Greece, Bulgaria

3900

Stable

Alps

Italy, France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia

280

Increase

Italian peninsula

Italy

600-800

Stable

NW Iberian

Spain, Portugal

No recent update, but 2007 estimate was 2500

Decrease

Sierra Morena

Spain

1 pack

Decrease

Eurasian lynx – Lynx lynx

Lynx map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (c. 2012)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

1800 – 2300

Stable

Karelian

Finland

2400-2600

Increase

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine

1600

Stable

Bohemian-Bavarian

Czech Republic, Germany, Austria

50

Stable or decrease

Carpathian

Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria

2300-2400

Stable

Alpine

Switzerland, Slovenia, Italy, Austria, France

130

Stable

Jura

France, Switzerland

100

Increase

Vosges Palatinian

France, Germany

19

Stable or slight decrease

Dinaric

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina

120-130

Stable or decrease

Balkan

"the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*)

40-50

Decreasing

Wolverine – Gulo gulo

Wolverine map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (c. 2012)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

1065

Increase

Karelian

Finland

165-175

Increase