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Status of large carnivore populations in Europe 2012-2016

In 2012 the conservation status of European large carnivores was assessed by a group of experts from each country where large carnivores are present. This information has been recently updated for 2012-16 (see the LCIE website for more information). Although the available data and the methodology used varied greatly from country to country, the information presented below represents the best available independent assessment of large carnivore status.

More information on the methodology for the 2012 update is available here:


Continental Europe (excluding Russia and Belarus) is home to 1,000-1,250 wolverines (600 to 800 in the EU), 8,000-9,000 Eurasian lynx (7,000 to 8,000 in the EU), 17,000 brown bears (15,000 to 16,000 in the EU) and 17,000 wolves (13,000 to 14,000 in the EU). The 32 populations comprise of between some tens of individuals up to several thousands, crossing several borders of up to five EU countries.


Brown bear – Ursus arctos

Bear map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (2012-2016)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

2,825

Decreasing

Karelian

Norway, Finland

1,660

Stable

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia

700

Stable

Carpathian

Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Serbia

7,630

Stable

Dinaric-Pindos

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia, Greece

3,950

Stable-Increasing

Alpine

Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia

49-69

Stable-Increasing

Eastern Balkan

Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia

468-665

Stable

Central Apennine

Italy

45-69

Stable

Cantabrian

Spain

321-335

Increase

Pyrenean

France, Spain

30

Stable

Wolf – Canis lupus

Wolf map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (2012-2016)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

c. 430

Increase

Karelian

Finland

c. 200

Stable to increase

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

1,700 - 2,240

Stable

Central European lowlands

Germany, Poland

780-1,030

Increase

Carpathian

Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Serbia

3,460-3,849

Stable

Dinaric-Balkan

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*), Greece, Bulgaria

c. 4,000

Unknown

Alps

Italy, France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia

420-550

Increase

Italian peninsula

Italy

1,100-2,400

Slightly increasing

NW Iberian

Spain, Portugal

No recent update, but 2007 estimate was 2,500

Unknown

Sierra Morena

Spain

0

Extinct

Eurasian lynx – Lynx lynx

Lynx map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (2012-2016)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

1,300-1,800

Decline

Karelian

Finland

2,500

Stable

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine

1,200-1,600

Slight Decrease

Bohemian-Bavarian-Austrian

Czech Republic, Germany, Austria

60-80

Stable

Carpathian

Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria

2,100-2,400

Stable

Alpine

Switzerland, Slovenia, Italy, Austria, France

163

Slowly increasing

Jura

France, Switzerland

140

Slowly increasing

Vosges Palatinian

France, Germany

1-3

Decline

Dinaric

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina

130

Stable or decrease

Harz mountains

Germany

46

Slowly increasing

Balkan

"the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*)

20-40

Stable

Wolverine – Gulo gulo

Wolverine map

 

Population name

Countries

Size (2012-2016)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

800-1,000

Fluctuating, recently decreasing

Karelian

Finland

200-250

Slowly increasing


The population status of large carnivores for 2010-12 can be viewed here.