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Global Biodiversity

In a nutshell

The Earth's biological resources are vital to the economic and social development of countries all across the world. The EU supports and implements a broad range of biodiversity-related international agreements.

In practice

The European Union is a Party to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) of 1992, which seeks to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity on the planet. In 2010, the CBD adopted a 10-year Strategic Plan to combat biodiversity loss in the world, as well as 20 concrete targets (the Aichi targets) in order to achieve this overall objective. These commitments are reflected in the EU Biodiversity Strategy.

In 2010, the CBD Parties also adopted the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from Their Utilization. This commitment is reflected in the EU ABS Regulation.

The EU has also supported and contributed to the development of the UN 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Sustainable Development Goals include 2 objectives particularly relevant for biodiversity:

  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

The EU also implements a broad range of other biodiversity-related international agreements such as CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the Bonn Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, the Bonn Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and the Agreement on international humane trapping standards.

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