The Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution was signed in Bucharest in April 1992, and ratified by all six legislative assemblies of the Black Sea countries in the beginning of 1994.
Also referred to as "Bucharest Convention", it is the basic framework of agreement and three specific Protocols, which are:
The implementation of the Convention is managed by the Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution and its Permanent Secretariat in Istanbul, Turkey.
The Black Sea Commission comprises one representative of each of the Contracting Parties (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey and Ukraine) to the Bucharest Convention.
The Permanent Secretariat is established to assist the Black Sea Commission. Its Executive Director and other officials (nationals of all Black Sea States) are appointed by the Black Sea Commission.
Concrete activities and work of the Permanent Secretariat are based on the Annual Work Programs of the Black Sea Commission in implementation of the Bucharest Convention. Concrete activities are the result of coordination with related or relevant national and regional projects/activities, International Financing Agencies and donors, national and regional policy measures and overall efforts of the countries to restore and preserve the environment of the Black Sea.
The Advisory Groups to the Black Sea Commission are its main source of expertise, information and support to in implementation of the Black Sea Strategic Action Plan.
The Activity Centers support the activities of the Black Sea Commission. They are defined in the seven strategic sectors of the BSAP. The Strategic Action Plan for the Environmental Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea 2009 elaborates on the further increase of their role efficiency.
The European Commission supports financially a number of projects related to marine and coastal environmental monitoring in the Black Sea:
Technical and administrative support for the joint implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in Bulgaria and Romania is provided, in the overall context of promoting coordination within and between the different marine regions in implementing the ecosystem approach. The final report of the first phase of this support is available at http://www.msfdblacksea.eu and of the second phase here. A third phase, aiming at the preparation of the 2nd MSFD reporting cycle has been finalised.
Another EU-funded project dealing with the identification of land-based sources of pollution with a major potential impact on the Black Sea marine environment was recently finalised. It delivered valuable results which can be very helpful for developing and implementing regional and national policies and measures to address a range of pollution sources in the Black sea.
The Black Sea Seabirds Project created a basis for an inventory of Marine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) for two seabird species.
The Baltic2Black project will facilitate delivery of the Black Sea Commission integrated regional monitoring and assessment products, with focus on nutrient pollution and eutrophication.
The MISIS Project focused on environmental monitoring in Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey and enhanced regional cooperation, directly adding to measures aimed for combating pollution and biodiversity decline in the Black Sea region, and for addressing negative effects of environmental degradation. A similar project for Ukraine, Russia and Georgia was launched in January 2013 by the European Commission jointly with UNDP (EMBLAS).
With the overall objective, of ensuring progress towards achieving good environmental status in the Black Sea, and the specific objectives of promoting EU environmental objectives in the Black Sea region, consistence and convergence between the policy of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (the Bucharest Convention) and EU acquis, namely, the Marine Framework Strategy Directive (MSFD) and its related Directives, the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution and the European Commission concluded a Grant Agreement for “Support to the Black Sea Commission for the Implementation of the Marine Strategy”. Several important documents have been developed with the consideration of the MSFD and the Black Sea Strategic Action Plan (BSSAP 2009). The templates for the State of Environment Report and for the Report on the Implementation of the Strategic Action Plan for the Environmental Protection of the Black Sea (2009) have been developed taking into consideration the MSFD reporting needs as well.
Technical work in relationship to the MONINFO projects is completed; they aimed at deepening information and data exchange mechanisms among competent authorities and setting up and operating the necessary tools for prevention of and response to oil pollution from ships in the Black Sea. These projects have contributed to the development of a regional system against oil pollution from ships in the Black sea which will support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and provides a concrete proof of EU commitment and contribution in addressing key environmental threats in neighbouring regions.
To advance sustainable blue growth and to support the blue economy of the Black Sea, the Commission is carrying out various initiatives and projects in the context of the Integrated Maritime Policy.