The Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution (also referred to as "Bucharest Convention”) was signed in Bucharest in April 1992, and ratified by all six legislative assemblies of the Black Sea countries in the beginning of 1994; it is the basic legal framework for regional cooperation to protect the coastal and marine environment.
The Black Sea Commission is the intergovernmental implementing body of the Bucharest Convention. It is composed of the Commissioners, high officials from each of the 6 countries which are Parties to the Convention (Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Georgia, Bulgaria and Romania).
The EU has officially expressed its wish to become a full Party to the Bucharest Convention for the protection of the Black sea coastal and marine environment in the 7th Environment Action Programme. Necessary amendments to the Convention (currently open to national states only) to allow the EU to join were discussed in the 2009 Ministerial meeting of the Bucharest Convention. EU accession to the Convention, would be beneficial not only for Romania and Bulgaria, facilitating even closer coordination in the implementation of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), but also for the region as a whole.
The European Commission supports financially projects related to marine and coastal environmental monitoring in the Black Sea:
Technical and administrative support for the joint implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in Bulgaria and Romania, in the overall context of promoting coordination within and between the different marine regions in implementing the ecosystem approach, was provided in three phases. The final report of the first phase of this support is available here, of the second here and the third phase, aiming at the preparation of the 2nd MSFD reporting cycle has also been finalised.
A similar project for Ukraine, Russia and Georgia was launched in January 2013 by the European Commission jointly with UNDP (EMBLAS). The Black Sea Seabirds Project created a basis for an inventory of Marine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) for two seabird species.
The Baltic2Black project will facilitate delivery of the Black Sea Commission integrated regional monitoring and assessment products, with focus on nutrient pollution and eutrophication.
The MISIS Project focused on environmental monitoring in Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey and enhanced regional cooperation, directly adding to measures aimed for combating pollution and biodiversity decline in the Black Sea region, and for addressing negative effects of environmental degradation.
The MONINFO projects aimed at deepening information and cooperation among competent authorities for prevention of and response to oil pollution from ships in the Black Sea.