The Directive specifically refers to a number of instruments it aims to contribute to:
The Directive also contributes to international policy initiatives relating to protection of the marine environment. In particular, it contributes to the fulfilment of commitments taken at major summits, such as:
On 20-22 June 2012 the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) will meet in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, marking the 20th anniversary of the 1992 Earth Summit and the 10th anniversary of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development.
This major event, referred to as Rio+20 Earth Summit, will aim to secure renewed political commitment for sustainable development, assess the progress to date and the remaining gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development, and address new and emerging challenges. Oceans will be one the seven critical themes identified for discussion at Rio + 20. In particular, the sustainable management of oceans, the conservation of ocean resources and the development of a “blue economy” will be major topics of discussion.
One of the main objectives of the Marine Directive is that the decline of biodiversity caused by human activities is prevented and that biodiversity is protected (see Descriptor 1).
To achieve that, one measure that Member States should take is the establishment of a network of Marine Protected Areas, thus contributing to one of the key objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity: the creation of a global network of marine protected areas.
The project "IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY OF THE BLACK SEA THROUGH BETTER WASTE WATER TREATMENT & CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION OF THE WATER SECTOR IN MOLDOVA", co-sponsored by the EU and the OECD/EAP Task Force was recently finalised. It aimed to improve the water quality of the Black Sea basin, and health situation in Moldova and downstream through strengthening Moldova’s capacity to adapt its water policies and infrastructures to climate change (focusing on water quality) and developing a business model for sustainable sanitation in rural areas, villages and small urban settlements in Moldova. It was complementary to the EU-funded Sector Policy Support Programme for the water sector in Moldova, especially concerning institutional reform at central and local level and strategy updating and effective sector management.