In 2007, the European Commission and the European Environment Agency launched the Water Information System for Europe (WISE), a gateway to information on European water issues for the general public and stakeholders. This system has been extended to cover marine waters.
Under the Marine Directive, Member States are required to monitor the measures implemented to reach GES and report on each of the steps taken to establish the Marine Strategies. Sharing data on the state of marine waters and on the pressures and impacts from human activities, climate change, eutrophication, and physical, biological and chemical stressors will ensure there is no duplication of reporting effort and reduce the administrative burden. WISE-Marine, currently in development, will offer Member States a common platform to facilitate their reporting. It will also allow other actors such as NGOs, intergovernmental organisations, researchers and universities and the general public to access this data.