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General LIFE programme publications

This page contains other communications material about LIFE, published by the programme. These include general brochures and more specific publications related to the LIFE-Environment and LIFE-Nature components.

Marine thematic report

MARINE THEMATIC REPORT

September 2014

The future of Europe's seas – contribution of the LIFE programme to protecting and improving the marine environment

The LIFE Monitoring Team has published a thematic report on marine-related LIFE projects. Subtitled ‘The future of Europe’s seas’, the 116-page study analyses the LIFE programme’s contribution to protecting and improving the marine environment.

Previous studies have analysed LIFE’s impact on the water sector, noise and air and soil.

The principal objectives of the Marine Thematic Report were as follows:

  • To review current marine-related legislation;
  • To review all marine-related LIFE projects to examine trends and the costs of implementation (both total and EU contributions);
  • To review selected projects relating to the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and associated Programmes of Measures (POMs), using SWOT analysis;
  • To review selected projects that provide new solutions and best practice for implementation of EU legislation and policy in the most efficient way and a high potential for transferability within the EU; and
  • To understand the relevance of project approaches, including factors for failure or success of certain approaches.

The report’s authors (Dr Lynne Barrett, John Houston, Chris Rose and Dan Mitchell) analysed a total of 72 LIFE projects that took place between 2005 and 2012 in terms of means of intervention, cross-cutting issues, good environmental status (GES) and POMs. Following this initial analysis, 21 projects were selected for more detailed SWOT assessment based on their ability to contribute to seven special project areas - maintaining biodiversity; reconstruction and remediation; inventories; reducing/re-using fishing discards; contaminated sediments; reducing atmospheric emissions from shipping; and avoiding conflict and conflict resolution.

The authors found that marine-related LIFE projects are evenly split between the Nature (NAT) and Environment (ENV) strands of the LIFE programme and the means of delivery is also evenly split between management measures (mainly NAT projects) and the development of new technologies (mainly ENV projects).

The analysis of cross-cutting issues encompassed governance, stakeholder engagement, maritime spatial planning, ecosystem-based approaches, and transboundary issues. One key finding of the report is that LIFE projects are exceptionally good at stakeholder engagement. The authors also found that there are many marine-related LIFE projects that deal in some way with transboundary issues, although more could be done to include non-Member States in such projects.

In terms of GES, the report notes that “there are many good examples of projects contributing to maintaining biodiversity and good ecosystem health and the majority either promote management measures to achieve good conservation status within existing marine protected areas or establish new protected areas within a network.”

Marine-related ENV projects tend to focus more on resolving pressures on the marine environment, such as contaminants and marine litter.

In terms of Programmes of Measures, the authors say that: “The majority of projects did demonstrate one or more of the POMs listed in the Marine Strategy and some projects had a combination of more than one measure up to a maximum of five. The most commonly occurring POMs were input controls (measures controlling human activity) and output controls (measures controlling perturbation).”

In conclusion, the report states that “LIFE projects can make a significant contribution to the understanding and future implementation of the MSFD.” However, to do so, it is necessary to capture and include the output from the projects in the decision-making process. The report provides suggestions as to how this may be achieved.

Download: Marine thematic report

pdf(~2,4 MB)

Pilot Study on Soil

Pilot Study on Soil

November 2013

Contribution of LIFE ENV/INF projects to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU environmental  policies and legislation

A pilot study on soil-related LIFE projects has been published by the LIFE Monitoring Team. The study analysed the contribution of the LIFE programme to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU environmental policies and legislation in this area.

This latest study forms part of a series of thematic studies and follows the publication of analyses of LIFE’s impact on the water sector and on noise and air. The aim of the studies is to strengthen the link between the LIFE Units in charge of the management of operational projects and the Thematic Units dealing mainly with environmental policy.

All 39 soil-related LIFE projects carried out in the period 2000-2011 were included in the latest study. Many of these projects have helped shape and implement the goals of the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection (COM (2006) 231). The main results of the soil study are as follows:

  • All the selected projects deal with one or more of the threats to soils identified in the Soil Thematic Strategy, thus reinforcing the need for a specific directive that enforces the protection of soils and their sustainable use.
  • A particular strength of soil-related projects is their integrated approach to addressing several problems at once. Soil protection can also benefit efforts to prevent water pollution or landslides.
  • The absence of LIFE Information and Communication projects dealing with soils shows that this theme is very complex and that the most effective channels communicating its importance still need to be identified and tested.
  • Only a few projects include surveys and studies of the characteristics of soils– an adequate level of knowledge on this natural resource at European level is still to be attained and further efforts to harmonise this knowledge are required.
  • Several LIFE projects dealing with habitat restoration do not adequately assess the positive effects their actions might have on soils.
  • The most recent threats, such as loss of soil because of sealing in urban areas or hydrogeological issues in disadvantaged areas, have only been partially tackled by LIFE projects.
  • European initiatives should focus on the theme of prevention of pollution rather than exclusively on soil remediation and the removal of pollutants.
  • For projects implemented over a vast area, the spatial variability of soils within a specific territory is often a crucial issue. If not properly addressed, this technical problem can diminish the success of the project.

The report concludes: “As a general overview of the soil-related projects, it can be stated that the results achieved frequently address in a proper way the objectives set by European legislation and by the projects themselves.

“Even though no project explicitly proposes new legislation on soil, many projects provide input that can be favourably used in the further development of European and national laws, especially in the regulations of specific environmental strategies.”

Download: Pilot Study on Soil

pdf(~2,4 MB)

Assessing LIFE's impact on EU noise and air policy

Assessing LIFE's impact on EU noise and air policy

October 2012

Contribution of LIFE ENV/INF projects to the implementation,  dissemination and further development of EU environmental policies and legislation, focusing in particular on resource efficiency

A new study from the LIFE Monitoring Team - led by the Astrale Consortium - provides a detailed analysis of the contribution made by LIFE Environment & Governance and LIFE Information & Communication projects to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU noise and air policies and legislation, focusing in particular on resource efficiency.

As with other thematic LIFE studies, such as for the water sector, the main aim of this 176-page report is to supply useful information on the results of LIFE projects to Thematic Units, and consequently strengthen the link between the LIFE Unit in charge of the management of operational projects and Thematic Units dealing mainly with environmental policy.

The report assesses relevant LIFE projects from the period 2005-2010 in the field of environmental noise (28 projects) and air pollution (94 projects). An in-depth analysis of a selection of projects from each policy area is included in the study.

Pilot Study on Water

Pilot Study on Water

August 2012

Contribution of LIFE ENV/INF/NAT projects to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU environmental policies and legislation

The principal objectives of the study were to:

  • Review current water related legislation and agree a list of key directives to be assessed.
  • Review all water related projects to determine which key directives were considered, examine trends and what the costs of implementation were (both total and EC contributions).
  • Review selected projects relating to the implementation of key EU water legislation, including the Water Framework Directive, using SWOT analysis.
  • Review of selected projects that provide new solutions and best practice for implementation of EU legislation and policy in the most efficient way and a high potential for transferability within the EU. Selected projects also allow understanding of factors for failure or success of certain approaches.

Download: Pilot Study on Water

pdf(~2 MB)

Pilot Study on Waste

Pilot Study on Waste

January 2012

Contribution of LIFE ENV/INF projects to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU environmental policies and legislation, focusing in particular on resource efficiency.

The present study has been prepared on joint request from the LIFE Environment and Eco-Innovation Unit and the Thematic Unit on Waste of DG Environment. The main aim of the thematic LIFE studies is to provide useful information on LIFE projects' results to thematic Units, and consequently strengthen the link between the LIFE Units in charge of the management of operational projects and Thematic Units dealing mainly with environmental policy. The scope of this study covers all LIFE projects in the waste sector, with a special focus on LIFE05 – LIFE09 projects. 126 projects have been assessed in relation to EU waste Directives; an in-depth analysis was carried out for 26 projects.

Download: Pilot Study on Waste

pdf(~900 KB)

 

Biodiversity is Life

Best LIFE-Environment Projects 2005-2006

June 2006

To mark the occasion of Green Week 2006, the LIFE Unit issued a special thematic leaflet, "Biodiversity is Life". It contains details on LIFE's actions for biodiversity.






Download: Biodiversity is LIFE
pdf(~266 KB)

Best Practice - a method for dissemination and implementation of project results

Best LIFE-Environment Projects 2004-2005

2005

This Best Practice pamphlet sets out the background and the principles to Best Practice (BP) within the LIFE programme. It is an invaluable tool for project beneficiaries and other concerned parties helping them to better disseminate and replicate their projects and results – while at the same time helping to meet wider objectives of promoting and developing a knowledge-based, sustainable and competitive Europe.

 

 

 

The Financial Instrument for the Environment

The Financial Instrument for the Environment

October 2002 - 6 pages

This brochure presents an overview of the 3 thematic components of LIFE III: LIFE-Nature, LIFE--Environment and LIFE-Third Countries. The brochure includes examples of projects for each component.

 

 

 

CD-LIFE Publications (2001-2005)

CD-LIFE Publications (2001-2005)

2005

This CD-ROM, available in English only, is a compilation of various LIFE publications produced during the lifetime of the scheme.

 

 

 

LIFE after LIFE. A review of the long-term effects of nine projects funded under LIFE-Nature

LIFE after LIFE

April 2002 - 131 pages

 

 

 

 

LIFE Environment in Action. 56 new success stories for Europe's environment

LIFE Environment in Action. 56 new success stories for Europe's environment

February 2001 - 131 pages

This brochure presents an overview of the 3 thematic components of LIFE III: LIFE-Nature, LIFE--Environment and LIFE-Third Countries. The brochure includes examples of projects for each component.

 

 

 

LIFE-Nature & l'emploi

LIFE-Nature & l'emploi

1996 - 21 pages






Download:  LIFE-Nature & l’emploi
pdf(~692 KB)

 

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