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LIFE BIODIV'OM - Protecting threatened biodiversity in French Outermost Regions by sustainable and demonstration conservation actions

LIFE17 NAT/FR/000604


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Project description:

Background

Biodiversity in French outermost regions (territory in areas remote from Europe) is unique globally and exceptional at European level. However, it is seriously threatened in five such regions - French Guiana, Martinique, Mayotte, La Réunion and Saint-Martin. The main pressures include: population growth on the small islands (La Réunion, Martinique, Mayotte and Saint-Martin); urban, forestry and mining development in French Guiana; and mass tourism. Changing climatic conditions and invasive alien species (IAS) are other important factors affecting populations of local species.

Biodiversity in these outermost regions does not benefit from tools of the Birds and Habitats directives such as the Natura 2000 network. Some tropical habitats are also difficult to access, further complicating nature protection in these areas. Innovative protection measures must therefore be established to slow down biodiversity loss in these regions.


Objectives

LIFE BIODIV'OM aims to develop and implement innovative, effective and sustainable methods to deal with the dramatic loss of fauna, flora and natural habitats in French Guiana, Martinique, Mayotte, La Réunion and Saint-Martin.

More specifically, the project seeks to:

  • Increase the population of five globally threatened species: the Reunion cuckooshrike (Coracina newtoni) on Reunion Island, the Madagascar pond heron (Ardeola idea) on Mayotte, the Atlantic goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) in French Guiana and on Saint-Martin, the Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) on Saint-Martin, and the white-breasted thrasher (Ramphocinclus brachyurus) on Martinique;
  • Improve the conservation status of important habitats and sites hosting species that are threatened at European level by controlling IAS and by protecting the sites.
  • Expected results:

  • Increase of C. newtoni population to 35 pairs due to IAS control and translocation actions;
  • 150 new fledglings of A. idae thanks to management and protection measures (e.g. setting up strict protection areas);
  • 30% fledging success in the R. brachyurus distribution area following a concerted action plan;
  • Decrease in the capture of E. itajara and E. striatus in two outermost regions by enforcing fishing regulations, including these species in a fishing control plan and extending prefectoral decrees;
  • Control of IAS in one site for C. newtoni (covering 300 ha) and three sites for A. idea (almost 50 ha);
  • Eradication of Acacia mangium trees on 50-70% of the savannas of French Guiana (around 13 000-18 000 ha), including 100% of protected areas. One method for eradicating broad-leaved paperbark trees (Melaleuca quinquenervia) to be approved;
  • Creation of an ecological corridor to connect existing population nuclei of R. brachyurus;
  • Workshops with local stakeholders on restoring important sites for A. idea and setting up agri-environmental schemes;
  • Workshops to establish a programme for controlling two IAS on the savannas of French Guiana and to draw up a list of local species (at least 10) suitable as replacements for A. mangium;
  • Workshops with professional and recreational fishermen to encourage better management of E. itajara and E. striatus and to promote good fishing practices (reaching 50% of professional fishermen in French Guiana and 10% of recreational fishermen in two outermost regions);
  • Workshops with fishermen and farmers to implement an action plan for R. brachyurus and change the practices of at least 10% of fishermen;
  • Organisation of volunteer patrols to continue controlling IAS (15 for C. newtoni and one for R. brachyurus) and reduce the cost of rat control;
  • Establish (for Saint-Martin and Mayotte) or upgrade (for French Guiana, Martinique and La Réunion) five online databases.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Species - Birds
Species - Fish
Biodiversity issues - Invasive species


Keywords

protected area‚  biodiversity‚  island‚  voluntary work


Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Regulation 1143/2014 - Prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien ...
  • Convention on Biological Diversity - CBD (29.12.1993)
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux
Type of organisation NGO-Foundation
Description LPO (Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux) is the leading association for nature protection in France and a partner of Birdlife International. Based in Rochefort, it has a network of 79 local branches. LPO is one of the country's main managers of natural areas, especially wetlands. It currently manages 20 000 ha of natural habitats in France and has extensive experience of protecting biodiversity in overseas territories.
Partners Association de gestion de la Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin Groupe d'étude et de protection des oiseaux en Guyane Groupe d'études et de protection des oiseaux de Mayotte Syndicat Mixte du Parc Naturel Régional de la Martinique Parc National de La Réunion Société d'études ornithologiques de La Réunion

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Project reference LIFE17 NAT/FR/000604
Duration 17-SEP-2018 to 17-SEP -2023
Total budget 5,578,171.00 €
EU contribution 3,269,634.00 €
Project location Poitou-Charentes(France) Martinique(France) Guyane(France) Réunion(France)

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version