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LIFE RESILIENCE - Prevention of X. fastidiosa in intensive olive & almond plantations applying productive green farming practices

LIFE17 CCA/ES/000030


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Contact details:

Contact person: Maria Teresa Carill-Cobo
Tel: 34664687386
Fax: 34957378117
Email: projects@transferconsultancy.com



Project description:

Background

The bacterium Xylella fastidiosa (XF) has led to diseases in woody crops and trees, throughout France, Germany and Spain. In 2013 more a million olive trees developed olive quick decline syndrome, as a result of the bacterium. The EU considers XF to be “one of the most dangerous plant bacteria worldwide”, with a high potential to transfer to different species and across different areas. Olive growing countries, such as Spain, Italy and Greece, risk suffering great economic losses as a result of XF.

Preliminary research has identified regions with temperate winters to be most at risk of pathogen proliferation, and with current climate change projections, the problem is set to get worse. Currently, elimination and containment of the XF bacteria is difficult, and the removal of infected plants is costly and has an ecological impact.


Objectives

LIFE RESILIENCE aims to develop through crossbreeding pathogen-resistant and productive olive genotypes along with innovate natural vector control methods that are effective in preventing the negative effects of XF. In this way, the project will lead to the production varieties of olive and olive oils with a range of organoleptic qualities, increasing their competitiveness on the market.

Specifically, the project will demonstrate sustainable practices for the intensive production of olive and almonds on 250 ha in Spain, Italy and Portugal. These practices will be shown to reduce water consumption, lower the carbon footprint, increase biodiversity and increase resistance to pests and pathogens, all without reducing yield. The outcome will be a model of climate change adaptation best practice that is replicable for production of olive, almond and other woody crops (e.g. citrus trees and grapevines). During the project the results will be replicated over ten times the pilot area (2 500 ha), facilitated through transnational collaboration with a range of stakeholders.

The project will contribute to the EU’s Sustainable Use of pesticides Directive, the 2030 Climate & Energy package and the Soil Thematic Strategy, among others.

Expected results:

  • Resilience & Sustainability: o 10-20 new varieties of olive plant developed that are both XF resistant and able to withstand intensive production systems (tested in both infected and non-infected regions); o Demonstration of a sustainable best practice, as well as the utilisation of cutting-edge technology, to increase the resilience of both olive and almond crops (150 ha in Spain, 50 ha in Italy and 50 ha Portugal);
  • o Increased biodiversity of the areas with the introduction of additional flora and fauna, through the use of insect hotels and nest boxes; o Reduced GHG emissions (by 18 665 tonnes of CO₂ eq.) through the reduced phytosanitary applications, as well as decreased water usageand tillage. Cover crops for increased carbon fixing will also be utilised; o Decreased vector insect population through natural vector control methods, such as the introduction of plants into the field systems to serve as cover crops and to host natural enemies to XF vectors; o Improvements in tree health and resilience through the increase in phenolic compounds and the lowering of water stress; and o A handbook of best practices, including natural vector control methods, to aid replication and knowledge transfer.

  • Quality: o Increased quality by 30% by improving the soil and plant health, as well as the efficient use of phytosanitaries; and o Reduced water consumption by 20% in olive fields, which will improve the concentration of the fruit by putting the plants under water-stress. This will reduce the individual olive water content by 10%, which in turn will reduce fuel cost and consumption owing to the reduced weight of olives.
  • Socio-economic benefits: o Avoidance of unemployment through the preservation of 13 farms from the XF bacteria; o Decreased production costs by around 60% through savings on expensive inputs; and o More than a million EU farmers aware of the environmental and economic dangers posed by XF, as well as the best practices for avoiding plant infection.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Climate change Adaptation - Sectoral adaptation (industry-services)


Keywords

Agriculture‚  biodiversity‚  preventive measure


Target EU Legislation

  • Climate Change & Energy efficicency
  • COM(2013)216 - EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (16.04.2013)
  • COM(2014)15 - Policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030 (22.01.2014 ...
  • Chemicals & Hazardous substances
  • Directive 2009/128/EC - A framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pestic ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator Gálvez Productos Agroquímicos, S.L.
Type of organisation SME Small and medium sized enterprise
Description Galpagro is a family-run agricultural business that is committed to the sustainable management of resources. It is structured in four departments: R&D, high production system, technical advice and irrigation.
Partners AGRODRONE S.L., Spain Asociación Agraria Jóvenes Agricultores, Spain SOCIETÀ AGRICOLA F.LLI FONTANA - S.S., Italy CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE - Istituto per la Valorizzazione del Legno e delle Specie Arboree, Italy SOCIEDADE AGRICOLA HERDADE DO CHARQUEIRAO LDA, Portugal Universidad de Córdoba, Spain Agrifood Sector Communication S.L., Spain NUTRIPRADO LDA., Portugal

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Project reference LIFE17 CCA/ES/000030
Duration 01-JUL-2018 to 30-JUN -2022
Total budget 2,968,675.00 €
EU contribution 1,723,567.00 €
Project location Galicia(España) Asturias(España) Cantabria(España) País Vasco(España) Navarra(España) Rioja(España) Aragón(España) Madrid(España) Castilla-León(España) Castilla-La Mancha(España) Extremadura(España) Cataluña(España) Comunidad Valenciana(España) Baleares(España) Andalucía(España) Murcia(España) Ceuta y Melilla(España) Canarias(España) Piemonte(Italia) Valle d'Aosta(Italia) Liguria(Italia) Lombardia(Italia) Trentino-Alto Adige(Italia) Veneto(Italia) Friuli-Venezia Giulia(Italia) Emilia-Romagna(Italia) Toscana(Italia) Umbria(Italia) Marche(Italia) Lazio(Italia) Campania(Italia) Abruzzo(Italia) Molise(Italia) Puglia(Italia) Basilicata(Italia) Calabria(Italia) Sicilia(Italia) Sardegna(Italia) Norte(Portugal) Centro(Portugal) Lisboa e vale do Tejo(Portugal) Alentejo(Portugal) Algarve(Portugal) Açores(Portugal) Madeira(Portugal)

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