Pennine PeatLIFE - Pennine PeatLIFE

LIFE16 NAT/UK/000725

Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version  

Contact details:

Contact person: Paul Leadbitter
Tel: 441388528801
Email: pleadbitter@northpenninesaonb.org.uk

Project description:


A significant and increasing proportion of upland blanket bog systems in northern England are no longer active (i.e. not forming new peat), due to a range of historic and current atmospheric and direct drivers of change including atmospheric pollution, climate change, burning, drainage, over-grazing and peat extraction. The North Pennines AONB contains the largest continuous blanket bog system in England. Within this, the project focus is on eight blanket bog habitat locations (totalling 65 810 ha) of which three are in designated Natura 2000 network sites (North Pennine Moors, Moor House Upper Teesdale, and Bowland Fells) and five are non-designated sites. According to Natural England, 90% of the priority for conservation, blanket bogs, habitat is in an unfavourable condition, with reference to the Habitats Directive, in the project area.


The aim of the Pennine PeatLIFE project is to demonstrate and evaluate geographically appropriate restoration techniques for the Annex I Habitats Directive priority habitat, blanket bogs (7130*), which are suited to the harsher climatic environment of northern England. The project will also develop and showcase a financial payment for ecosystem services (PES) mechanism under the UK Peatland Code. Pennine PeatLIFE will directly target the restoration of 1 353 ha of badly eroded blanket bogs habitat, both within Natura 2000 sites and in undesignated upland sites. In addition, it will demonstrate and evaluate Sphagnum-based methods to determine which provide the most cost-effective and widely applicable solution to blanket bog restoration; this can be used as the basis for a PES instrument. To achieve a viable PES, restoration techniques should be at a low enough cost to provide an appropriate level of incentive for landowners and managers to adopt blanket bog conservation measures.

The project will determine the most cost-effective PES restoration approach by:

  • Demonstrating financially viable region-specific and sustainable Sphagnum-based restoration techniques for re-activating peat-forming blanket bog in the wetter, colder and higher altitude eroded bog systems of northern England;
  • Demonstrating through 'Concept to Contract' trials, the UK Peatland Code, as a viable payment for ecosystem services (PES) approach for upland peatlands;
  • Demonstrating new approaches, using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), to assess vegetation change as a proxy measure for monitoring the trajectory of change in ecosystem services benefits of blanket bog restoration and as a validation tool for the UK Peatland Code financial instrument; and
  • Disseminating the demonstration activities to policymakers, landowners and managers, government agencies, NGOs, and other key stakeholders in the UK and across the EU.
  • Expected results:

  • 1 353 ha of blanket bog re-activated;
  • 32 km of eroding gullies blocked with sediment-trapping dams;
  • 33 ha of bare peat, 30 km (15 ha) of re-profiled, un-vegetated hags/gullies, and 78 ha of peat in dendritic erosion areas are re-vegetated with bryophyte-rich brash, cotton grass plugs and a dwarf shrub/grass/cotton grass seed mix;
  • Reduction in surface water flow across 33 ha of bare peat;
  • 1 km of gullies/hags are re-profiled;
  • Hydrological restoration of an 118 ha area of dendritic erosion;
  • 17.7 ha of bare peat, 9.2 km (4.6 ha) of re-profiled, un-vegetated hags/gullies and 39.8 ha of bare peat in dendritic erosion recolonised with Sphagnum-rich brash;
  • 3.4 ha of bare peat, 7.7 ha of bare peat in dendritic erosion recolonised with Sphagnum clumps and plugs;
  • Establishment of 10 sites to evaluate the impact of Sphagnum cutting and clump harvesting;
  • Avoided losses of 26 000 t/C02, plus 1 327.5 t/C02 sequestered by five years after the end of the project;
  • 10 UK Peatland Code sites established with management plans;
  • Peatland Code monitoring protocol trialled and evaluation reports produced; and
  • Production of prototype Peatland Code agreement templates.



Environmental issues addressed:


Habitats - Bogs and Mires


monitoring‚  wetland‚  restoration measure‚  climate change mitigation

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...

Target Habitat types

  • 7130 - Blanket bogs (* if active bog)

Natura 2000 sites

SPA UK9005151 Bowland Fells
SPA UK9006272 North Pennine Moors
SCI UK0014774 Moor House - Upper Teesdale
SCI UK0030033 North Pennine Moors



Coordinator Durham County Council
Type of organisation Local authority
Description North Pennines AONB Partnership (NPAP) staff are employed through its accountable body, Durham County Council, (beneficiary). The partnership comprises 23 statutory agencies, local authorities and voluntary/community organisations working to conserve and enhance the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Approximately half of the area is peatland and it contains 27% of England’s blanket bog resource. The NPAP’s peatland programme has been restoring peatlands for over a decade, working in partnership to block drainage channels and develop new techniques for restoring bare and eroding blanket bog.
Partners Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, United Kingdom Lancashire County Council, United Kingdom


Project reference LIFE16 NAT/UK/000725
Duration 15-JUL-2017 to 31-DEC -2021
Total budget 6,502,762.00 €
EU contribution 3,849,735.00 €
Project location North(United Kingdom) Yorkshire and Humberside(United Kingdom) North West (UK)(United Kingdom)


Read more:

Project web site Project's website
Project web site - 2 Project's Facebook page
Project web site - 2 Project's Twitter page
Slides Presentation "UAV Applications for blanket bog restoration and ...
Video link "Pennine PeatLIFE: Introduction" [EN - 30']
Video link "Bare Peat Restoration Techniques" [EN - 30']


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version