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LIFE TERRACESCAPE - EMPLOYING LAND STEWARDSHIP TO TRANSFORM TERRACED LANDSCAPES INTO GREEN INFRASTRUCTURES TO BETTER ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE

LIFE16 CCA/GR/000050


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Contact details:

Contact person: PETANIDOU THEODORA
Tel: 302251036406
Email: t.petanidou@aegean.gr



Project description:

Background

Based on current projections of climatic models for the Mediterranean islands, summer aridity is expected to rise, leading to prolonged droughts, increased frequency of forest fires and aggravated pressure on already vulnerable and scarce water resources. Severe rainfall and flooding are likely to increase, exacerbating soil erosion and land degradation. The situation is expected to impact the local ecosystem resilience and the most important economic sectors on the islands – agriculture and tourism.

The cultivation of drystone terraces constitutes the most significant large-scale human intervention on the landscape of the Aegean Islands since the emergence of their civilisation. Until the mid-1960s, the cultivation terraces provided almost the only network supporting primary production on the islands (cultivation, livestock raising and beekeeping). They supported the island ecosystem services by improving rainwater percolation, reducing soil erosion and favouring local biodiversity (harvest plants and associated animal species). The recent abandonment of cultivation terraces has caused the end of self-sufficiency of the islands in primary goods, and has made the island ecosystem more vulnerable and susceptible to climate change impacts.


Objectives

The LIFE TERRACESCAPE project aims to demonstrate, on the Aegean island of Andros, the use of drystone terraces as green infrastructures resilient to climate change impacts. The project will promote climatic adaptation by mobilising scientific knowledge, traditional farming and land stewardship (LS) practices for a large-scale revitalisation of island terrace farming. By addressing climatic and environmental extremities and supporting a modern, extensive and climate-smart agricultural sector for the Mediterranean islands, profound benefits for local societies, economies and biodiversity are expected to accrue.

The specific project objectives are to:

  • Demonstrate climate adaptation of island landscapes using innovative farming methods to highlight the significance of terraces as key green infrastructure elements;
  • Establish for the first time in the country an operational LS scheme and a smart local products cluster involving multiple stakeholders;
  • Demonstrate the feasibility of large-scale (>150 ha) restoration and re-cultivation of abandoned terraces in Andros;
  • Produce climate-smart added-value products by establishing a smart local cluster of farmers, food and tourism businesses to contribute to the sustainability and continuation of the approach;
  • Promote the transferability of the approach to other Aegean islands, through a strategic adaptation plan for agriculture, to improve the islands’ resilience to climate change impacts; and
  • Increase awareness of target groups and encourage behavioural changes towards climate-responsible attitudes.
  • Expected results:

  • An effective strategic adaptation plan for the agricultural sector of small Aegean island ecosystems, to provide guidance to local and regional actors;
  • Establishment of a local LS scheme engaging multiple stakeholders in a sustainable land management approach, and introducing the LS initiative in Greece in a well-organised and effective way, including the development of a web platform and a helpdesk to support its replication;
  • Establishment of the Agro-nutritional Cooperation of Andros, a certification label for climate-smart local agricultural products;
  • Propagation of local crop varieties to be cultivated on project terraces;
  • Organisation of the Andros drystone wall school, three workshops and eight training seminars;
  • A good practice guide and a decision support tool for climate-smart agriculture and climate-resilient small Mediterranean islands; and
  • An extensive awareness campaign, including events, preparation of printed material and a documentary.
  • Those results will lead to the following substantial outputs:

  • Climatic adaptation of a significant part (>10%) of island farmlands, with at least 150 ha cultivated with climate-smart agricultural practices and at least 70 farmers signing LS agreements;
  • 760 ha of local habitats with increased resilience to climate change;
  • Demonstration interventions and application of climate-smart practices improving the state of habitats and biodiversity, achieve micro-climate changes (such as a reduction of temperature by 1.5°C and a 10% increase in humidity) and favour threatened endemic plant and bird species;
  • Crops with an estimated total value of €272 000, reaching an expected 10 000 consumers;
  • At least 50 000 entities/individuals reached and made aware of the project’s aims, resulting in an expected behavioural change of 5-30% in the different target groups.

The project will significantly contribute to the EU’s climate adaptation strategy. The restoration and re-cultivation of drystone walls and terraces will also contribute to the goals of the EU’s Birds and Habitats Directives in vulnerable island ecosystems. Finally, the LS initiative will emphasise sustainable and resilient smart agricultural and tourism sectors.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator UNIVERSITY OF THE AEGEAN - RESEARCH UNIT
Type of organisation University
Description Founded in 1984, the University of the Aegean (UAEGEAN) is one of the newest universities in Greece. It is dispersed over six Aegean islands covering all regions of the Aegean Sea: Chios, Samos, Rhodes, Syros, Lemnos and Lesvos, which hosts its headquarters and administration. UAEGEAN has a strong geographic information system department as well as a food product marketing department, which has implemented successful projects for the promotion of local food products in the Aegean. UAEGEAN also has extensive experience in Aegean landscape research and conservation, including a focus on terrace farming and its implications on the Aegean environment and biodiversity.
Partners Hellenic Agricultural Organisation - DEMETER, Greece National Observatory of Athens, Greece Municipality of Andros, Greece Green Fund, Greece Research Committee – National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

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Project reference LIFE16 CCA/GR/000050
Duration 01-JUL-2017 to 31-AUG -2021
Total budget 2,694,038.00 €
EU contribution 1,562,964.00 €
Project location Notio Aigaio(Ellas)

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