LIFE FRONT - Flammable Refrigerant Options for Natural Technologies – Improved standards & product design for their safe use (FRONT)

LIFE16 CCM/BE/000054

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Contact details:

Contact person: Alvaro de Ona
Tel: +32 2 230 3700
Email: alvaro.de.ona@shecco.com

Project description:


The 2014 EU Regulation on fluorinated greenhouse gases includes targets for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump (RACHP) units. Equipments currently in use have a high global warming potential (GWP) due to refrigerant leakage and illegal venting. Non-fluorinated (hydrocarbon) alternatives with a lower GWP are available, but their use is limited by legislative and market barriers. Updating industry standards is thus a prerequisite to wider uptake.


LIFE FRONT aims to remove obstacles to standardisation of flammable refrigerants used in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump applications. It also seeks to improve system design to address flammability risks in order to encourage the use of climate-friendly alternatives to fluorinated gases, such as hydrocarbons.

Specific actions will focus on:

  • Supporting the standardisation process in the EU and globally for flammable refrigerants, by participating in standards bodies, reviewing existing standards and drafting new ones;
  • Reducing safety risks by carrying out theoretical and applied research into improved system design for RACHP applications using flammable refrigerants;
  • Setting up a standards action group and sector-specific best practice manuals for EU equipment manufacturers that may use flammable refrigerants; and
  • Awareness-raising and stakeholder dialogue to encourage the use of non-fluorinated refrigerant alternatives.
  • The project therefore aims to support achievement of EU 2030 climate targets, namely through the Regulation on fluorinated greenhouse gases, Ecodesign Directive, Renewable Energies Directive and other legislative instruments for the reduction of fluorinated gases, the use of renewable energies and the reduction of energy consumption.

    Expected results:

  • A 9-30% increase in the market uptake of non-fluorinated flammable refrigerants by the end of the project;
  • An 18-60% increase in the market uptake of non-fluorinated flammable refrigerants by 2023;
  • Increased knowledge about flammable refrigerants, identifying barriers to effective revision of existing EU standards;
  • Feeding the project’s analysis into standardisation processes;
  • Establishment of an open database on leakage size and simulation of impacts;
  • Creation of an EU-wide standards action group on non-fluorinated flammable refrigerants. Known as FRONT, this group will gather 50 experts in the RACHP industry and build capacity among relevant stakeholders;
  • Production of risk assessments and prototypes of enhanced product safety features for five commercial refrigeration and heat pump models for three EU-based manufacturers;
  • More than 20 000 stakeholders worldwide to be informed about necessary improvements to standards of flammable refrigerants and to drive market adoption of units with non-fluorinated flammable refrigerants.



Environmental issues addressed:

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Shecco Sprl
Type of organisation International enterprise
Description Shecco is a market accelerator for climate-friendly technologies, especially natural refrigerants. For the past 15 years, it has supported 150+ industry partners in the heating, air-conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) sector. Shecco has achieved a market reach of more than 40 000 HVAC&R suppliers, end-users, policy-makers and NGOs through its operational activities in areas such as market research on natural refrigerants and policy analysis and advocacy on corresponding EU climate action policies.
Partners European Environmental Citizens Organisation for Standardisation (asbl), Belgium Heat GmbH, Germany AHT, Austria NIBE AB, Sweden ait-deutschland GmbH, Germany


Project reference LIFE16 CCM/BE/000054
Duration 15-JUN-2017 to 14-JUN -2020
Total budget 1,751,395.00 €
EU contribution 1,050,836.00 €
Project location Burgenland(Österreich) Niederösterreich(Österreich) Wien(Österreich) Kärnten(Österreich) Steiermark(Österreich) Oberösterreich(Österreich) Salzburg(Österreich) Tirol(Österreich) Vorarlberg(Österreich) Vlaams Gewest(België - Belgique) Région Wallonne(België - Belgique) Bruxelles-Brussel(België - Belgique) Schleswig-Holstein(Deutschland) Hamburg(Deutschland) Niedersachsen(Deutschland) Bremen(Deutschland) Nordrhein-Westfalen(Deutschland) Hessen(Deutschland) Rheinland-Pfalz(Deutschland) Baden-Württemberg(Deutschland) Bayern(Deutschland) Saarland(Deutschland) Berlin(Deutschland) Brandenburg(Deutschland) Mecklenburg-Vorpommern(Deutschland) Sachsen(Deutschland) Sachsen-Anhalt(Deutschland) Thüringen(Deutschland) Stockholm(Sverige) Östra Mellansverige(Sverige) Småland med Öarna(Sverige) Sydsverige(Sverige) Västsverige(Sverige) Norra Mellansverige(Sverige) Mellersta Norrland(Sverige) Övre Norrland(Sverige) Baltic Sea Sverige (S)(Sverige)


Read more:

Leaflet "LIFE Front" (3.27 MB)
Project web site Project's website


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version