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LIFE-FLAREX - Mitigation of environmental impact caused by Flame Retardant textile finishing chemicals

LIFE16 ENV/ES/000374


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Contact details:

Contact person: Ariadna Detrell
Tel: 34608864754
Email: adetrell@textils.cat



Project description:

Background

Flame retardants (FRs) are a group of anthropogenic environmental contaminants used at relatively high concentrations in many sectors. Many of them are considered toxic, persistent and bio-accumulative. The textile industry is one of the main users. Currently, the largest group of FRs on the market is brominated FRs (BFRs).

Non-halogenated FRs are a possible alternative to BFRs, but the lack of knowledge concerning the overall cost-efficiency of the substitution, and the environmental impact and health risks associated with both production and the process of impregnating the fabrics remains a challenge.


Objectives

The main objective of the LIFE-FLAREX project is to promote the use of safer alternative flame retardants (FRs) in order to mitigate the environmental and health impacts caused by toxic compounds in FRs containing bromine, formaldehyde and antimony in textile finishing products.

To this aim, the project plans to apply the substitution principle to FR chemicals listed on the REACH Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) and Candidate lists. It will identify potential substitute chemicals, both on the basis of the state of the art and by contacting R&D stakeholders.

The project will test potential alternatives in six pilots at pre-industrial and industrial textile mills. Their technical, environmental and economic performance will be evaluated in order to assess the feasibility of suitable chemicals for replacing conventional FRs in the home textile sector on an industrial scale.

The results and conclusions to be yielded by the project are expected to hold high replicability potential and be of great interest to the EU textile sector. The textile industry will be involved with the project and its findings through the organisation of local/regional professional workshops and guidance produced on alternative FRs.

Expected results:

  • Successful demonstration of safer alternative products to conventional BFRs;
  • An evaluation of the properties and environmental impact of three conventional FRs used in textile finishing processes and six non-toxic and economically viable alternatives;
  • The companies in the pilots reducing the use of BFR (currently at 180-220 t/year) by 20 t/year (10%) by project end and another 20 t/year (10%) three years after the end of the project;
  • A reduction of the emission and the exposure to toxic compounds derived from conventional toxic FRs;
  • A complete guide for European textile finishing and formulating companies to consolidate their knowledge on halogenated and non-halogenated harmful chemicals and on FR use, selection and disposal;
  • Direct contribution to the implementation of the REACH legislative framework on the substitution principle, enabling the REACH requirements for the registration dossier of chemical substances to be updated to cover current information gaps;
  • Recommendations provided to update the BREF associated with the Industrial Emissions Directive in relation to the selection of chemicals, FR treatments and environmental issues etc.;
  • Support achievement of the objectives of the Water and Waste Framework Directives;
  • A socio-economic impact assessment of the project actions on the local economy and population; and
  • Collaboration established with a wide network of stakeholders, clothing and textile industry and European initiatives to ensure the continuation of LIFE-FLAREX activities.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Industry-Production - Textiles - Clothing
Environmental management - Cleaner technologies
Risk management - Industrial risks - Hazardous substances
Industry-Production - Chemicals


Keywords

chemical industry‚  textile industry‚  hazardous substance


Target EU Legislation

  • Water
  • Directive 2000/60 - Framework for Community action in the field of water policy (23.10.2000)
  • Waste
  • Directive 2008/98 - Waste and repealing certain Directives (Waste Framework Directive) (19.11.200 ...
  • Chemicals & Hazardous substances
  • "Regulation 1907/2006 - Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REA ...
  • Industry and Product Policy
  • Directive 2010/75 - Industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) (24.11.201 ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator ASSOCIACIÓ AGRUPACIÓ D’EMPRESES INNOVADORES TÈXTILS
Type of organisation Professional organisation
Description Agrupació d'Empreses Innovadores Tèxtils (AEI TEXTIL) is a non-profit association that aims to promote R&D among its members, which are mainly SMEs related directly or indirectly to the technical textiles sector in Catalonia.
Partners ASOCIACION DE EMPRESARIOS TEXTILES DE LA COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA, Spain AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS, Spain Città Studi S.p.A., Italy CLUTEX – klastr technické textilie, Czech Republic CENTEXBEL: CENTRE SCIENTIFIQUE & TECHNIQUE DE L'INDUSTRIE TEXTILE BELGE, Belgium Acondicionamiento Tarrasense, Spain

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Project reference LIFE16 ENV/ES/000374
Duration 01-JUL-2017 to 30-JUN -2020
Total budget 1,163,879.00 €
EU contribution 697,515.00 €
Project location Cataluña(España) Comunidad Valenciana(España)

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