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LIFE Danube floodplains - Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats

LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306


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Contact details:

Project Manager: Silvia HALKOVÁ
Email: halkova@broz.sk



Project description:

Background

In past 200 years, the water and wetland habitats of the Danube region have undergone great change: dams have been constructed; flood protection introduction; navigation improved; agricultural and forestry activities intensified; and land drained. Large continuous flood areas have been reduced and divided by dykes, while numerous branches have been cut off from the main river course. This process resulted in stagnant water in river branches for most of the year, and several habitat types and species have declined, especially those dependent on river dynamics, flowing waters and fluctuating water levels.


Objectives

The LIFE Danube floodplains project aims to restore the key natural habitats of Danube floodplains and to introduce sound sustainable management. Habitat restoration will be achieved by the improvement of water regime in the vast river branch system and by direct interventions to secure favourable conservation status of targeted habitats.

Specific objectives are to:

  • Optimise water level and distribution of water within the Danube river branch system and in Danube floodplains;
  • Restore the water regime of selected disturbed localities;
  • Restore targeted habitat types and improve their conservation status;
  • Increase biodiversity of floodplain forest habitats, production potential and ecosystem services of forest management;
  • Improve the conservation status of the last remaining fragments of non-forest habitats within the project site; and
  • Raise awareness of the importance of floodplain restoration, disseminate knowledge for replication and transfer results and best practices.
  • Expected results:

  • Some 70 ha of the land acquired by purchase and long-term lease for restoration actions;
  • Minimum of five technical objects created or reconstructed and the water regime of an area of 1 850 ha improved;
  • Two major river branches restored on at least 4 500 m, and branches re-connected;
  • Decrease of human disturbance on 135 ha;
  • Four wetlands restored covering 37 ha;
  • Native tree species represented in the repository of genetic resources, with 45 000 seedlings for reforestation grown and a gene pool established on 3.8 ha;
  • Planting of 57 500 native tree species on an area of 45 ha;
  • Invasive tree and plant species removed on 40 ha;
  • Targeted habitat types restored and their conservation status improved on the area of 745.5 ha;
  • Waste clean-up and removal of ammunition on 5 ha;
  • 84 ha of grasslands restored and their regular management initiated;
  • At least 150 pollard willows restored;
  • Overall 200 pollard willows planted;
  • Project web page in three languages; and
  • Two two-day study visits for 30 people organised; guided excursions for 400 students, members of the public, teachers and guides; 20 five-days camps for a total of 240 children.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Habitats - Forests
Habitats - Freshwater
Habitats - Grasslands
Species - Amphibians


Keywords

freshwater ecosystem‚  grassland ecosystem‚  river‚  biodiversity‚  water monitoring‚  introduction of plant species‚  wetland‚  forest management‚  restoration measure


Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • COM(95) 189 - "Communication on the judicious use and conservation of wetlands" (12.12.1995)
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...
  • COM(2013) 249 final “Communication from the Commission on Green Infrastructure (GI) - Enhancing E ...

Target species

 Bombina bombina     


Target Habitat types

  • 6430 - Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
  • 6440 - Alluvial meadows of river valleys of the Cnidion dubii
  • 6510 - "Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)"
  • 91E0 - "Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)"
  • 91F0 - "Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)"
  • 91G0 - Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus
  • 3150 - Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type vegetation
  • 3270 - Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation
  • 6210 - Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)

Natura 2000 sites

SCI HUDI20034 Duna és ártere
SCI SKUEV0075 Klátovské rameno
SCI SKUEV0090 Dunajské luhy
SCI SKUEV0092 Dolnovážske luhy
SCI SKUEV0183 Veľkolélsky ostrov
SCI SKUEV0393 Dunaj


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator Bratislavské regionálne ochranárske združenie - BROZ Regional Association for Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development
Type of organisation NGO-Foundation
Description BROZ was established as a non-profit civic association in Bratislava in 1997. It is involved in conservation, enhancement and restoration of biodiversity, environmental education, the promotion of sound regional planning and sustainable development at regional and local level. BROZ operates mainly in the southwest region of Slovakia.
Partners VUVH(Výskumný ústav vodného hospodárstva / Water Research Institute), Slovakia NLC(Národné lesnícke centrum / National Forest Centre), Slovakia DINPD(Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate), Hungary VVB(Vodohospodárska výstavba, š.p./ Water management construction, state enterprise), Slovakia

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Project reference LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306
Duration 01-AUG-2015 to 31-JAN -2022
Total budget 5,999,420.00 €
EU contribution 3,599,651.00 €
Project location Kozep-Magyarorszag(Hungary Magyarország) Kozep-Dunantul(Hungary Magyarország) Bratislavsky kraj(Slovakia Slovensko) Zapadne Slovensko(Slovakia Slovensko) Stredne Slovensko(Slovakia Slovensko) Vychodne Slovensko(Slovakia Slovensko)

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Read more:

Project web site Project's webpage

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version