RESTO CON LIFE - Island conservation in Tuscany, restoring habitat not only for birds

LIFE13 NAT/IT/000471

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Contact details:

Contact person: Francesca Giannini
Tel: 390565919443
Fax: 390565919428
Email: giannini@islepark.it

Project description:


Several habitat and species found on the islands of the national park are seriously threatened by alien animal species (e.g. rodents, feral cats, hedgehogs, game birds) and by alien plant species (e.g. Carpobrotus spp., Eucalyptus camaludulensis). Control measures to eradicate these alien species are necessary in order to restore the natural island communities. Moreover, recovery actions are required to protect habitats, such as the only dune system in the whole archipelago.


The objectives of the project can be summarised as follows:

  • Eradication of alien animal species in order to restore the natural island communities and/or to improve the breeding performances of autochthonous species;
  • Direct restoration of endemic species communities by means of attraction devices for seabirds, passive translocation for sedentary species and habitat enlargement/restoration;
  • Eradication of invasive alien plants in Giannutri, Pianosa and the Montecristo islands;
  • Fencing off key land plots in Elba and the Montecristo islands to protect them from pressures by alien ungulates (hoofed mammals); and
  • Habitat management of the Lacona dune system using modern bioengineering structures.
  • Expected results: Pianosa and Montecristo:

  • Increased productivity and population size of seabirds (L. audouinii and C. diomedea);
  • Attracting new breeding species (e.g. P. yelkouan and H. Pelagicus);
  • Improving habitat conditions for bird species breeding on the ground (e.g. L. collurio and C. europaeus), reptiles, invertebrates and vegetation; and
  • Restoration of natural habitats without reducing food resources for migratory raptors.
  • Giannutri:

  • The protection of about six ha of coastal habitat (cliff vegetation, salt marshes and dry grasslands) through the eradication of Carpobrotus spp; and
  • Eradication of other alien plants in the areas that have been affected the most.
  • Pianosa:

  • Protection of about ten ha of habitats (Juniperus matorral and dry grasslands) by controlling Eucalyptus camaludulensis; and
  • Re-establishing holm oaks in deteriorated pine forests.
  • Montecristo:

  • Eradication of alien plants to recover five ha of deteriorated landscape around “Cala Maestra”;
  • Strengthening about 3.5 ha of four types of Annex I habitats;
  • Managing the wild goat population in order to avoid excessive pressure on 45 ha of habitat; and
  • New facilities to host and inform visitors about the local habitat management activities carried out under different LIFE projects.
  • Ripa Barata (Elba):

  • Increase the annual productivity of the population of L. audouinii.
  • Lacona (Elba):

  • Restoration actions for several Annex I listed dune habitats; and
  • Protection of the dune system from erosion and excessive human activities.



Environmental issues addressed:


Biodiversity issues - Invasive species
Species - Birds


endangered species‚  natural park‚  protected area‚  island‚  restoration measure

Target species

 Calonectris diomedea   Capra aegagrus   Caprimulgus europaeus   Hydrobates pelagicus   Lanius collurio   Larus audouinii   Puffinus yelkouan   Sylvia undata   

Target Habitat types

  • 92D0 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae)
  • 9340 - Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
  • 9540 - Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines
  • 1210 - Annual vegetation of drift lines
  • 1240 - Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp.
  • 1310 - Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand
  • 2110 - Embryonic shifting dunes
  • 2210 - Crucianellion maritimae fixed beach dunes
  • 2230 - Malcolmietalia dune grasslands
  • 2250 - Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp.
  • 2260 - Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs
  • 3170 - Mediterranean temporary ponds
  • 5210 - Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp.
  • 6220 - Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea

Natura 2000 sites

SCI IT5160012 Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola
SCI IT5160013 Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina
SCI IT51A0024 Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina
SCI IT5160014 Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina



Coordinator Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano
Type of organisation Park-Reserve authority
Description The Arcipelago Toscano National Park was established in 1996 and enlarged in 1997. It is one of the largest marine national parks in Europe, covering 17 694 ha of land and 61 474 ha at sea. It is located in Tuscany (central Italy) and is comprised of seven islands.
Partners CFS(Corpo forestale dello Stato - Ufficio per la biodiversità), Italy UNIFI(Università degli Studi di Firenze - Dipartimento di Biologia), Italy ISPRA(Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale), Italy


Project reference LIFE13 NAT/IT/000471
Duration 01-JUN-2014 to 31-DEC -2018
Total budget 3,123,670.00 €
EU contribution 1,561,835.00 €
Project location Toscana(Italia)


Read more:

Leaflet "Broken balances? Let's put nature back together!" ...
Poster "Equilibri in frantumi? Ricomponi la natura! = Bro ...
Poster "Equilibri in frantumi? Ricomponi la natura! = Bro ...
Poster "Broken balances? Let's put nature back together! ...
Poster "Equilibri in frantumi? Ricomponi la natura! = Bro ...
Poster "Equilibri in frantumi? Rcomponi la natura! Broken ...
Poster "Broken balances? Let's put nature back together! ...
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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version