LIFE FACTORY MICROGRID - Electric vehicles to grid, renewable generation and Zn-Br flow battery to storage in industry

LIFE13 ENV/ES/000700

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Contact details:

Contact person: Miguel Ángel Carrero
Tel: 34948751212
Fax: 34948750143
Email: miguelc@jofemar.com

Project description:


The U.S. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory estimates that, 53 % of the energy used worldwide in 2006 could be classified as waste heat, providing no useful services. Other calculations show far higher losses. Moreover, the United States is estimated to operate at only about 13% useful-energy efficiency, up from 10%. Even in Japan, a worldwide efficiency leader, the rate at which primary energy actually provides useful work or heat is only about 20%. Such waste poses a great obstacle to reaching the objectives on energy efficiency, renewable energies and CO2 emissions set out in European and national legislations. The European Commission’s communication, ‘A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050’, suggests that industry must reduce GHG by 34-40% by 2030 and by 83-87% by 2050 (compared with 1990 figures).

Microgrid systems are localised groupings of electricity generation and energy storage that are normally connected to a traditional centralised grid. This single point of common coupling with the macrogrid can be disconnected, allowing it to function autonomously. Microgrids are able to reduce transmission losses and increase the efficient use of electricity and heat. Generation resources for microgrids can include fuel cells, wind, and solar, among others.


The main objective of the LIFE FACTORY MICROGRID project is to demonstrate that microgrids are a viable means of generating electricity for industry, especially in areas with a high share of renewable energy sources. To achieve this objective, the project aims to:

  • Install renewable energy sources: a 100 kW wind turbine and a 40 kW solar photovoltaic device;
  • Install a novel technology of ZnBr (Zinc/Bromine) flow batteries to store 500 kWh of electricity. These batteries have several advantages over conventional Li-ion (Lithium ion) batteries in terms of economies of scale and system lifetime;
  • Install six bidirectional charging points (V2G) to be used for a fleet of six electric vehicles (three cars, two vans and one minibus);
  • Establish one fast charging station for electric vehicles with a power of 50 kW; and
  • Test and demonstrate energy management strategies that use all the renewable energy generated and reduce energy consumption by managing dispatchable loads of up to 100 kW.
  • Expected results:

  • Generation 56 215 kWh/year free of CO2 due to the installation of 40 kWp of photovoltaic panels;
  • Generation of 103 323 kWh/year free of CO2 due the installation of 100 kWp of wind turbine;
  • Store of energy and management of energy flows in order to consume all renewable energy generated, saving 35.4 million tonnes of CO2 emissions;
  • Saving of 38 million tonnes of CO2 emissions by using electric vehicles as part of the microgrid;
  • Reduction of energy consumption due to energy management of 100 kW of dispatchable loads, allowing a reduction of 23 million tonnes of CO2 emissions per year; and
  • More grid stability, allowing for an increase of renewable energy generation to more than 40% by 2020.



Environmental issues addressed:


Environmental management - Cleaner technologies
Energy - Supply
Energy - Efficiency
Energy - Savings
Climate change Mitigation - Energy efficiency
Climate change Mitigation - Renewable energies


electric vehicle‚  renewable energy‚  energy saving‚  emission reduction‚  industrial area‚  greenhouse gas‚  energy supply

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator JOFEMAR, S.A.
Type of organisation Large enterprise
Description JOFEMAR, a private Spanish company located in Peralta, Navarra, was founded in 1971. JOFEMAR manufactures and designs vending machines, coin mechanisms and payment systems. JOFEMAR carries out R&D activities in the areas of:
  • Computer applications, software development and telemetry systems related to vending machines;
  • Hardware for machine electronics and diagrams for the production plants for printed circuit boards and wiring;
  • Payments systems and public telephone systems, including currency analysis and handling systems and public telephones;
  • Mechanical structures associated with all Jofemar products; and
  • Logical systems of vending machines.
  • Partners CENER(Fundación CENER-CIEMAT), Spain


    Project reference LIFE13 ENV/ES/000700
    Duration 01-JUL-2014 to 30-DEC -2017
    Total budget 1,987,462.00 €
    EU contribution 854,087.00 €
    Project location Galicia(España) Asturias(España) Cantabria(España) País Vasco(España) Navarra(España) Rioja(España) Aragón(España) Madrid(España) Castilla-León(España) Castilla-La Mancha(España) Extremadura(España) Cataluña(España) Comunidad Valenciana(España) Baleares(España) Andalucía(España) Murcia(España) Ceuta y Melilla(España) Canarias(España)


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    Project web site Project's website


    Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version