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LIFE SEACOLORS - Demonstration of new natural dyes from algae as substitution of synthetic dyes actually used by textile industries

LIFE13 ENV/ES/000445


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Contact details:

Contact person: Simona MOLDOVAN
Tel: 34965542200
Fax: 34965543494
Email: smoldovan@aitex.es



Project description:

Background

Textile industries use vast volumes of different mostly synthetic dyes. Synthetic dyes can pose many environmental problems, due to the abundance of hazardous chemicals (alkalis, acids, solvents, etc.) that are associated with these dyes. Large volumes of hazardous waste and wastewater are produced from many textile processes that use synthetic dyes. According to the World Bank, dyeing industries produce 20% of the industrial polluted water. In fact, dyeing 1 kg of cotton uses around 100 l of water

Natural dyes, however, tend to be clinically safer than synthetic dyes because they do not normally produce hazardous risks and possess better biodegradable characteristics. Obtaining natural dyes is more complex and also implies more time and resources (1kg require around 1230 ha of farmland), making them an uncompetitive option.


Objectives

The main objective of the LIFE SEACOLORS project is to demonstrate and validate a new process for obtaining natural dyes from a sustainable and renewable source – algae. The project will also test and assess the possibilities of using these new natural dyes to replace synthetic dyes in the textile industry.

Environmental benefits from biodegradable dyes are anticipated, including less polluted wastewater and reduced water purification demand. Such benefits will help reach the goals of EU legislation covering wastewater (e.g. Directive 2008/105/CE and the REACH regulation).

The project will achieve its aims by: selecting algae with high dye capacity and potential for mass cultivation; improving the algae’s dye content through optimising their growth conditions; studying the extraction conditions to optimise the amount of dye obtained; comparing different dyeing process and auxiliary substances needed to obtain satisfactory results; and assessing the ‘fastness’ of the obtained natural dyes compared with synthetic dyes.

In order to substitute synthetics dyes, the new solution must be able to provide a wide range of colours, and consequently a high variety of shades. To fulfil this aim within the project timespan, the consortium will focus on a mixture of three colours (red, yellow and blue) and from these develop other colours in the chromatic scale.

Expected results:

  • A selection of algae species (25 different strains of microalgae/cyanobacteria and 10 different species of macroalgae) with potentially high dyeing properties;
  • Optimal procedures for growing the algae, increasing their dyes production and extracting their natural pigments for use as alternatives to synthetic textile dies;
  • A new dyeing process using the new products tested and validated at a semi-industrial level;
  • Legislated dilution of 1/40 of the targeted pollutants without the need for further purification;
  • Lower final cost of the process due to savings created from reduced wastewater purification costs (despite the higher cost of producing the new natural dye);
  • Viability of using the new dye production process in other sectors, such as food, cosmetics and fertilisers, assessed.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Environmental management - Cleaner technologies
Environmental management - Eco-products design
Industry-Production - Textiles - Clothing
Risk management - Industrial risks - Hazardous substances
Risk management - Pollutants reduction
Waste - Hazardous waste
Waste - Industrial waste
Waste - Waste reduction - Raw material saving
Water - Water quality improvement


Keywords

hazardous waste‚  hazardous substance‚  waste water reduction‚  alternative technology‚  waste reduction‚  textile industry‚  pollutant elimination


Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator ASOCIACIÓN DE INVESTIGACIÓN DE LA INDUSTRIA TEXTIL
Type of organisation Research institution
Description The private sector beneficiary (AITEX) is a non-profit association specialised in research, innovation and advanced technical services for the textile, manufacturing and technical textile sectors.
Partners ASEBIO(Spanish Bioindustry Association), Spain ALGAPLUS(Algaplus, Produção e Comercialização de algas e seus derivados), Portugal BEA-ULPGC(UNIVERSIDAD DE LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA), Spain

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Project reference LIFE13 ENV/ES/000445
Duration 01-JUL-2014 to 31-DEC -2016
Total budget 697,273.00 €
EU contribution 348,635.00 €
Project location Comunidad Valenciana(España)

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Read more:

Leaflet Leaflet (trifold) of the project
Newsletter Second newsletter (December 2015)
Newsletter First Newsletter (April 2015)
Project web site Project's website

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version