LIFE13 ENV/ES/000280

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Contact details:

Contact person: José Luis Bernal Agustín
Tel: 34976761921
Email: 125930@unizar.es

Project description:


Greenhouse gas emissions from the agricultural sector are estimated to account for about 10% of Europe's total emissions. Energy consumption by this sector is also significant, amounting to 23.54 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2011. For the food sector, consumption was 27 million tonnes oil equivalent in 2009, or 10% of the total energy consumption of all industrial activity in the EU.

Wine production is an important agri-food activity in large parts of Spain, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and other countries in southern Europe. As Europe experiences the effects of climate change, vine growers in these areas could be forced to change the variety of grapes they cultivate or the location of their vineyards, and even in some cases to relocate their production to different areas. Therefore, the wine sector needs to take action to reduce its environmental impact and to contribute to the fight against global warming.


The project will show that the use of renewable energy in the farming sector and other rural industries, using the wine sector as an example, is viable from a technical, environmental and economic perspective. In particular, the project will:

  • Bring together information on renewable resources and energy demands and identify key parameters to facilitate its future use;
  • Develop a viability-assessment computer application for use in agriculture;
  • Demonstrate and validate the results from these activities in the wine industry using agricultural (vine) and manufacturing (winery) renewable-energy system prototypes.
  • Key issues that the project will tackle will be: irregular production and consumption patterns of solar and wind energy; losses of any excess energy produced; and the lack of alternatives to the use of fossil fuels in farm machinery. In terms of software tools, the project will develop user-friendly software (for general use) for assessing the viability of the generation of energy from renewable sources, as well as software for professional use in energy engineering and technical design applications. This will be suitable for the design of renewable energy systems in the wine industry.

    The project will demonstrate three prototypes for renewable energy generation:

  • Adaptation of a conventional diesel agricultural vehicle to hydrogen fuel consumption;
  • Construction and installation of a hybrid system (diesel-photovoltaic) to generate energy for drip irrigation and hydrogen production; and
  • Construction and installation of a hybrid system (photovoltaic-wind) to power a winery waste water treatment plant.
  • Expected results:

  • A manual for the application of renewable energy in the agricultural sector and rural industries. The manual will include data on renewable resources and energy demands associated with wine producing activities in the Mediterranean region;
  • A software tool to assess the viability of renewables to power the wine industry and other agricultural activities, such as localised irrigation systems;
  • A software tool for the technical design of renewable energy generation systems in the wine industry and other similar sectors;
  • It is expected that the photovoltaic-diesel hybrid system will reduce diesel consumption from irrigation activities by 2,519 litres/year, producing cuts in CO2 emissions of about 7,028 kg/year;
  • The hydrogen-fuelled vehicle is expected to reduce diesel consumption by 912 litres/year, with a corresponding reduction in CO2 emissions of approximately 2,544 kg/year; and
  • The hybrid (wind-photovoltaic) system to power the winery waste water treatment plant is expected to cut electricity consumption by around 23,000 kilowatt hours per year, and to reduce CO2 emissions by about 5,543 kg/year, Nox emissions by 8.35 kg/year, and SO2 emissions by 11.82 kg/year.



Environmental issues addressed:


Energy - Efficiency
Energy - Savings
Energy - Supply
Industry-Production - Agriculture - Forestry
Industry-Production - Food and Beverages
Climate change Mitigation - GHG reduction in non EU ETS sectors
Climate change Mitigation - Renewable energies


Agriculture‚  environmental awareness‚  energy saving‚  emission reduction‚  rural area‚  food production‚  greenhouse gas‚  energy supply‚  renewable energy

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Universidad de Zaragoza
Type of organisation University
Description The University of Zaragoza (UNIZAR) is one of Spain's oldest and best-known universities, with more than 40,000 students and 2,293 researchers. UNIZAR currently participates in more than 120 research projects.
Partners Viñas Vero(Viñas del Vero S.A.), Spain LITEC-CSIC(Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), Spain INTERGIA(Intergia Energía Sostenible S.L.), Spain


Project reference LIFE13 ENV/ES/000280
Duration 01-JUL-2014 to 31-JUL -2017
Total budget 1,562,994.00 €
EU contribution 676,265.00 €
Project location Galicia(España) Asturias(España) Cantabria(España) País Vasco(España) Navarra(España) Rioja(España) Aragón(España) Madrid(España) Castilla-León(España) Castilla-La Mancha(España) Extremadura(España) Cataluña(España) Comunidad Valenciana(España) Baleares(España) Andalucía(España) Murcia(España) Ceuta y Melilla(España) Canarias(España)


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