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LIFE MED HISS - Mediterranean Health Interview Surveys Studies: long term exposure to air pollution and health surveillance

LIFE12 ENV/IT/000834


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Contact details:

Project Manager: Ennio CADUM
Tel: +39 011196880760
Fax: +39 01119681591
Email: ennio.cadum@arpa.piemonte.it



Project description:

Background

Knowledge of the long term effects of air pollution on human health has been improving over the last ten years, mainly as a result of efforts to design and carry out large scale epidemiological studies. Notwithstanding this, no long term data are available for Mediterranean countries, where higher air temperature, particles’ composition and Saharan dust all influence environmental characteristics – making these countries different to continental and northern European areas.

In previous short-term effect studies in Europe, a clear north-south gradient in the particulate matter (PM-10) mortality association was observed, with the Mediterranean cities showing higher relative risks than continental cities. Better knowledge of the long term effects of air pollutants, including fine and coarse particles, is needed to contribute to policy on the environment and health, to update and support EU legislation in this field, to plan mitigation actions and to implement effective, practical measures.


Objectives

The LIFE MED-HISS project is a demonstration project involving partners in Spain, France, Italy and Slovenia. Its main objectives are:

  • To update and develop EU environmental policy and legislation with improved data on the adverse health effect of air pollution (PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and O3);
  • To consolidate the knowledge base for the development, assessment, monitoring and evaluation of environmental policy and legislation, by setting up a European surveillance system of long term effects of air pollution;
  • To assess the feasibility of the adopted approach in other European countries.
  • Expected results:

  • An evaluation of the long term effects of PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and O3 on mortality and hospitalisation, considering natural causes, cancers, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and asthma;
  • An evaluation of the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) of air pollution in four EU countries – Italy, France, Slovenia and Spain (Catalonia);
  • The creation of guidelines, a database and a report describing different exposure assessment experiences in the four European countries, with an assessment of inter-country variations;
  • An evaluation of the feasibility of a simplified hybrid approach for air pollution exposure estimation, which could be used in future epidemiological studies.


Results


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Air & Noise - Air pollutants
Risk management - Human health protection
Risk management - Risk assessment and monitoring


Keywords

public health‚  human exposure to pollutants‚  monitoring system‚  survey‚  air pollution‚  environmental impact assessment‚  environmental law


Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator AGENZIA REGIONALE PER LA PROTEZIONE AMBIENTALE DEL PIEMONTE
Type of organisation Regional authority
Description The Regional Environmental Protection Agency of Piedmont is a public agency that routinely collects environmental data. It also has direct access to all health data (e.g. birth rate, mortality, hospital admissions, drug prescriptions) necessary for epidemiological purposes. Its department of epidemiology and environmental health has specific expertise in air pollution epidemiology, having carried out several studies on respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes at international and national level. It has also participated in several national studies to assess the health effects of environmental factors.
Partners Centre de Recerca en Epidemiologia Ambiental (CREAL), Spain Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia ASL TO3, Italy Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France

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Project reference LIFE12 ENV/IT/000834
Duration 01-JUL-2013 to 30-SEP -2016
Total budget 1,598,283.00 €
EU contribution 790,788.00 €
Project location Piemonte(Italia) Valle d'Aosta(Italia) Liguria(Italia) Lombardia(Italia) Trentino-Alto Adige(Italia) Veneto(Italia) Friuli-Venezia Giulia(Italia) Emilia-Romagna(Italia) Toscana(Italia) Umbria(Italia) Marche(Italia) Lazio(Italia) Campania(Italia) Abruzzo(Italia) Molise(Italia) Puglia(Italia) Basilicata(Italia) Calabria(Italia) Sicilia(Italia) Sardegna(Italia)

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Project web site Project web site

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version