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PERHT - PARKING GREEN SERVICES FOR BETTER ENVIRONMENT IN HISTORIC TOWNS

LIFE11 ENV/IT/000015


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version  
 

Contact details:

Contact person: Marco DALL'AGNOL
Tel: +39-053 2790707
Fax: +39-0422-327265
Email: marco.dallagnol@mobilitadimarca.it



Project description:

Background

Most small/mid-sized historic towns, such as Treviso, face similar challenges in relation to mobility and the transport of people and goods in their urban centres. This includes energy consumption, environmental impact, noise and other issues. These factors negatively affect citizens’ health and damage heritage sites and cultural assets (e.g. degradation of houses and monuments). Low levels of public transport use and higher freight distribution costs also have a negative effect on trade in urban centres, which in turn impacts on social cohesion and the dynamism of these areas. However, experiences in various EU Member States show that a number of organisational, operational and technological measures can be used to address such issues.


Objectives

The PERHT project aimed to transform parking facilities in the pilot area into hubs for green urban mobility, which would enable the following strategic objectives to be achieved:

  • Reduced impact of car traffic through improved management of parking services and the implementation of flexible parking schemes;
  • Efficient integration of parking services with public transport and other collective mobility services;
  • Encouragement of citizens and visitors to shift from cars to alternative (individual and collective) and sustainable mobility services;
  • Reduced impact of commercial traffic by providing dedicated parking facilities for last-mile operations, and by better integrating city logistics into the overall urban mobility management scheme; and
  • Promotion of the take-up of electric mobility for both people and goods.

  • Results

    The PERHT project facilitated a shift towards more sustainable mobility solutions by designing and installing in the pilot case of Treviso a highly assorted and easily accessible network of green mobility services, using the existing parking facilities of the city as a starting point.

    Three private bike stations were set up at access points to the city (the two main parking areas and the train station) to foster the use of private bikes in the centre – mainly by workers entering the city by cars and train. Moreover, the project increased the capacity of the bike sharing facilities near city focal points and commuting services. Electromobility was another key focus, and greater incentives for using electric vehicles were encouraged. Three EV charging stations (charger and parking lots) were installed in order to boost the purchase electric cars.

    Furthermore, the freight load/unload areas were extended and upgraded; sensors were installed that are able to monitor the parking time in order to make the management of freight traffic more efficient. Three info-totems were also installed to provide useful information on the mobility services in Treviso and on the specific ones developed by the project.

    Another main outcome of the project was the creation of a mobile application (TreviMOVE), which uses mobile GPS signals and online data to detect available parking slots and bikes for hire as well as provide other public mobility information transmitted by the public transport societies. This information could concern possible parking options (real time routes to free slots) and related connections to public transports (bus, bike sharing, trains etc.).

    The environmental benefits of these innovations are considerable. The project helped reduce car traffic in Treviso by an estimated 700 000 km travelled by car per year. Such a reduction leads to cuts in CO2 emissions (around 200 tonnes are avoided each year) and energy consumption (around 600 000 kWh/year, mainly from fossil fuel consumption). These results were supported through an analysis of traffic data and through questionnaires/interviews. A simulation with dynamic traffic software considering the mobility network of Treviso and an analysis of behavioural changes fostered by the project services was also carried out. Reduced car traffic also improves air quality by reducing NOx and PM10 emissions and improves quality of life in Treviso by lowering noise pollution and stress.

    The local community was largely receptive to the aims and changes implemented by the project. At the end of the project, around 6 000 locals were using the developed smart-phone application for info-mobility in the municipality and the surrounding areas. These services will continue after the project, leading to long-term environmental benefits and increased employment and jobs in the region owing to improved opportunities. The project achievements and the efficiency of the proposed mobility system has attracted the interest of other municipalities (e.g. Siena and Arezzo in Italy, Almada in Portugal, Zadar in Croatia).

    Finally, the project results are in line with the EUROPE 2020 strategy, contributing to the goals of the Resource efficient Europe priority theme by "modernising and decarbonising the transport sector through infrastructure measures for electrical mobility, intelligent traffic management, better logistics and pursuing the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions for road vehicles" and by "developing smart, upgraded and fully interconnected transport infrastructures making full use of ICT". Moreover, the project contributes to the implementation of the Urban Mobility Package and the NEC (National Emission Ceilings) Directive [2001/81/EC], which is currently under revision with the Clean Air Policy Package.

    Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Communication Plan (see "Read more" section).


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Air & Noise - Air pollutants
Land-use & Planning - Transport planning - Traffic monitoring


Keywords

mobility‚  urban area‚  public transport‚  transport planning


Target EU Legislation

  • Urban Environment
  • COM(2013)913 - "Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility " (17.12.2013) ...
  • Air
  • COM (2013/0918) - A Clean Air Programme for Europe (18.12.2013)

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator ACTT Spa - Azienda Consorzio Trevigiano Trasporti
Type of organisation Public enterprise
Description A.C.T.T. SpA is Treviso’s public transport operator. Serving 20 municipalities in the Treviso area, its mission is to work with the local authorities to manage urban traffic and improve public transport by reducing congestion and pollution.
Partners Treviso Municipality, Italy MemEx Srl Livorno,Italy Softeco Sismat Srl Genova, Italy European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR) Norwich, United Kingdom

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Project reference LIFE11 ENV/IT/000015
Duration 01-OCT-2012 to 31-MAR -2016
Total budget 1,449,381.00 €
EU contribution 706,810.00 €
Project location Veneto(Italia)

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Read more:

Project web site Project's website
Publication: After-LIFE Communication Plan After-LIFE Communication Plan
Publication: Layman report Layman report
Publication: Technical report Project's Final technical report

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version