GtoG - GtoG: From Production to Recycling, a Circular Economy for the European Gypsum Industry with the Demolition and Recycling Industry

LIFE11 ENV/BE/001039

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Contact details:

Project Manager: Christine Marlet
Tel: 32 2 227 11 30
Fax: 32 2 218 31 41
Email: info@eurogypsum.org

Project description:


Gypsum is widely used in construction in the EU: More than 1 600 million m2/yr of European interior surfaces are covered with plasterboard; more than 5 million tonnes/yr of plaster are used in Europe for interior lining; and more than 20 millionm2/yr of European interior walls are separated using plaster blocks. Some 100 000 people in the EU are (directly or indirectly) dependent for employment on the gypsum and anhydrite industry.

The gypsum industry generates some 1% of total construction and demolition waste. Gypsum waste can be split into three categories based on their origin:

  • Production waste (e.g. gypsum boards which do not meet specifications and waste resulting from the manufacturing process);
  • Waste resulting from construction sites (‘construction waste’); and
  • Demolition waste, including both demolition and renovation waste. The latter is the most complex to address because it adheres to other construction materials (such as plasters, paints and screeds).

Although gypsum products are indefinitely and fully recyclable, only a small percentage is recycled in Europe. The main barrier to recycling is the fact that buildings are currently demolished and not dismantled, hampering the recovery of gypsum waste. The drivers for recycling are stricter criteria for landfilling of gypsum waste, ambitious targets set by the EU of 70% for the recycling of construction and demolition waste and green public procurement. This project demonstrates the economic feasibility of deconstruction to enable a higher rate of recyclability of gypsum waste.


The overall aim of the C2CGYPSUM project is to transform the gypsum demolition waste market to achieve higher recycling rates of gypsum waste, thereby helping to achieve a resource efficient economy.

Specific objectives include:

  • Diagnosis of the building. To achieve the overall objective, it is necessary to focus first on the deconstruction practices and to demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of deconstruction versus demolition;
  • Processing gypsum demolition waste. The major objectives of processing are separation of the gypsum from the paper and the size reduction of the gypsum;
  • Qualifying gypsum waste (including an audit of the potentially recyclable materials);
  • Incorporation of the processed gypsum into the manufacturing process, including an assessment of technical difficulties, options and solutions. This pilot work will be executed by the gypsum manufacturers, partners in the project;
  • Production of European criteria for recycled gypsum to establish the end of waste status and the application for a Council regulation to confirm these criteria under Directive 2008/98/EC;
  • Setting, on the basis of the results, if feasible, of a recycling target for gypsum waste;
  • Reassessment of the percentage of recycled gypsum (5%) established in the Green Public Procurement Criteria for Wall Panels developed by the European Commission ((http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/second_set_en.htm); and
  • Assessment throughout the project of the carbon footprint and the methods to mitigate it at the construction level, transport level, processing level and manufacturing level.
  • Expected results

  • A European handbook of best practices for controlled deconstruction of gypsum systems;
  • A European manual of best practices for auditing buildings;
  • A European specification/qualifications for recycled gypsum;
  • The application for a Council regulation establishing criteria for determining when gypsum waste ceases to be waste under Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council;
  • Setting of a recycling target for gypsum waste, if feasible;
  • Adaption the Green Public Procurement Wall Panels Sheet to require that there is at least 5% recycled gypsum in the panel; and
  • Assessment of the carbon footprint of gypsum waste recycling.



Environmental issues addressed:


Industry-Production - Building
Waste - Construction and demolition waste


building waste‚  waste recycling‚  building material

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Eurogypsum-association européenne des industries du plâtre
Type of organisation Professional organisation
Description Eurogypsum is a European federation of national associations of producers of gypsum products based in Brussels. Its role is to promote the interests of the European gypsum industry and ensure that there is awareness at a European level of the contribution the gypsum industry makes to society. Particular emphasis is placed on building a constructive and efficient dialogue with the European Institutions in all subjects directly related to the competitiveness of the gypsum industry.
Partners Placoplatre SA, France National Technical University of Athens, Greece Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain Fundación General Universidad Politécnica de Madrid-LOEMCO, Spain Lafarge Platres SA, France Lafarge Plasterboard Ltd, United Kingdom Knauf Gips KG, Deutschland NV Saint-Gobain Construction Products Belgium SA (Gyproc), Belgium New West Gypsum Recycling Benelux BVBA, Belgium Gypsum Recycling International A/S, Denmark Recycling Assistance BVBA, Belgium Recovering SARL, France Pinault & Gapaix, France OCCAMAT, France Jaeger Ausbau, Germany Cantillon Ltd, United Kingdom


Project reference LIFE11 ENV/BE/001039
Duration 01-JAN-2013 to 01-JAN -2016
Total budget 3,566,250.00 €
EU contribution 1,783,123.00 €
Project location Bruxelles-Brussel(België - Belgique)


Read more:

Project web site Project's website
Video link Project's short presentation video (2')


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version