Forest-Alp NATURA 2000 - Priority forest, sub-alpine and alpine habitats in Romania

LIFE05 NAT/RO/000176

Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version  

Contact details:

Project Manager: Ioan Vasile Abrudan
Tel: +40 723 533512
Fax: +40 268 476808
Email: abrudan@unitbv.ro

Project description:


Forest, sub-alpine and alpine areas cover about 40% of Romania and comprise a range of rare and important species and habitats. Recent changes in land ownership pose a major threat to valuable forest habitats. Private as well as public owners are currently subject to growing economic pressure and - while public owners are under some obligations to preserve biodiversity - private owners often have little incentive to conserve biodiversity values. At the same time both land abandonment and intensification of land use are progressively leading to significant losses of biodiversity on sub-alpine and alpine pastures.


The project targeted all known Romanian forest, sub-alpine and alpine areas covering a total project area of 6.5 million hectares. The overall objective was to prepare the designation of Romanian Natura 2000 sites for forests, sub-alpine and alpine habitats. The project aimed to identify, map and describe potential sites of Community importance (SCIs) according to the Habitats Directive.

Management measures and monitoring guidelines would be prepared for areas these habitats in Romania. To ensure local understanding and acceptance, the project would implement awareness raising and training activities for key stakeholders and the general public. It would develop proposals for possible compensation schemes for the land owners in the future Natura 2000 sites and lobby the government for acceptance and implementation of these schemes.

The potential economic and social benefits of the future Natura 2000 sites would be demonstrated in two protected areas, the Rodna and Ceahlau national parks. These case studies would demonstrate the exploitation of recreational and ecological values of nature as a possible alternative to intensified, uniform land uses.


The project was technically well implemented and achieved its objectives. It contributed significantly to the development of Natura 2000 network in Romania both by its direct outputs and through influencing the whole Natura 2000 process by consultation with key stakeholders and lobbying by decision makers. The main direct outputs included:

(i) Proposal of 56 sites for pSCIs located outside the existing protected areas (of these 50 sites were accepted and designated).

(ii) Development of a ‘Habitat Manual’ for forest, sub-alpine and alpine habitats of Community interest in Romania – a basic reference concerning Natura 2000 in the country. Due to its importance and added scientific value, the manual received the annual award of the Romanian Academy in 2007 and is now the main reference source for habitats in Romania.

(iii)Preparation and publishing of threat studies and of guidelines for the monitoring and management of target habitats. These studies were distributed to key stakeholders across the country. They are also available from the project website.

(iv) Development of a system for compensation payments for private forest landowners. This has been recognized by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture and serves as a model for compensation schemes for all habitats.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Conservation Plan (see "Read more" section).


Environmental issues addressed:


Habitats - Forests


forest ecosystem‚  protected area‚  nature conservation‚  mountainous area

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...

Target Habitat types

  • 91D0 - Bog woodland
  • 91F0 - "Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)"
  • 91H0 - Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens
  • 91I0 - Euro-Siberian steppic woods with Quercus spp.
  • 4070 - Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti)
  • 6230 - "Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)"

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Universitatea Transilvania din Barsov
Type of organisation University
Description The University of Transylvania, Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering in Brasov has departments specialising in silviculture, forest management planning and forest engineering. The departments focus mainly on scientific research and include fields such as sustainable forest management and conservation, ecological restoration, wildlife management and forest engineering.
Partners WWF Danube Carpathian Programme (WWF DCP), Romania National Forest Administration Romsilva (NFA Romsilva), Romania Ministry of Agriculture, Forest and Rural Development (MAFRD), Romania


Project reference LIFE05 NAT/RO/000176
Duration 07-JAN-2005 to 30-JAN -2009
Total budget 933,490.00 €
EU contribution 700,094.00 €
Project location Associated Romania(Romania)


Read more:

Project web site Project's website (RO/EN)
Publication: After-LIFE Conservation Plan After-LIFE Conservation Plan (EN)
Publication: Layman report Layman report (RO/EN)


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version