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VENENO NO - Action to fight illegal poison use in the natural environment in Spain

LIFE08 NAT/E/000062


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version  
 

Contact details:

Project Manager: Asunción RUIZ GUIJOSA
Tel: +34 91 434 09 10 
Fax: +34 91 434 09 11
Email: aruiz@seo.org



Project description:

Background

The ‘Red Book’ of Spanish Birds (‘Libro Rojo de las Aves de España’) highlights illegal use of poisons as a threat to endangered species protected by the Birds and Habitats Directives. Action is required to eliminate illegal use of poisons for predator control in Spain and so minimise such threats to the country’s Red List species.


Objectives

The main aim of the LIFE Nature VENENO NO project was to achieve a significant reduction in illegal poison incidents affecting protected species in Spain. Priority species targeted by the project include the Spanish imperial eagle, the Lammergeier vulture, the red kite and the Egyptian vulture (including the Canary Islands subspecies). All of these raptors are included in the annexes of the Birds and Habitats Directives. Overall project goals aimed to make important contributions to Spain’s ‘National Strategy against illegal use of poisoned bait in the environment’, approved by the National Commission for Nature Protection in 2004.


Results

The VENENO NO project developed effective and innovative methods and strategies for tackling wildlife poisoning in Spain, especially where endangered raptor species are at risk. It particularly targeted the use of poison baits, laid to kill predators such as wolves and bears in farming and livestock rearing areas. The project was structured into three strategic and complementary lines, matching the objectives of the ‘National Strategy against illegal use of poisoned baits in the environment’: prosecution of the crime, prevention and deterrence, and refining knowledge and information. The project created partnerships with all the key stakeholders, including the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (Magrama), Regional Governments (CCAA), NGOs, hunting associations and agricultural sectors, the Environmental Prosecutor's Office, forest rangers, the Nature Protection Service (SEPRONA), regional police forces, veterinarians and scientists.

A number of major successes in the fight against illegal poisoning were achieved as a result of project actions. These included the involvement of all Spanish Regional Governments in the action for preparing plans and protocols against the use of poison. Thanks to the impetus of the project, six plans involving protocols or strategies were approved and put into place, in Aragón, Canarias, Castilla y León, Cataluña, Navarra and Valencia. The project facilitated the efforts of its NGO beneficiaries in judicial and administrative procedures in cases of wildlife poisoning. SEO/BirdLife and partner BVCF took part in 24 criminal court proceedings for illegal use of poison, with the ten convictions obtained serving as an example of the legal consequences resulting from the perpetration of this crime. The cases included one involving the deaths of six Iberian imperial eagle (Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha) and one where 140 birds of prey were killed (Tudela and Cintruénigo, Navarra). Some of the judgments handed down imposed prison terms of up to one year and four months, disqualification from the exercise of hunting, or compensation of up to €33 000. Further cases are still in progress.

To help bring cases to court, the project created a Poison Investigation Unit (UNIVE) in Castilla-La Mancha. Two patrols were established, formed by three officers in each. UNIVE has participated in the resolution of several cases of poisoning, but probably its most important achievement has been to demonstrate to all the other Spanish regions what can be done to combat illegal poisoning. The project organised 19 specialised courses in the investigation of the illegal use of poison, which were attended by more than 500 officers of seven Spanish regions (Aragón, Cantabria, Canary Islands, Castilla-La Mancha, Cataluña, Murcia and the Basque country). These courses contributed to the improvement of the surveillance and detection of cases. The project supplied UNIVE and environmental officers from the participating regions with equipment for investigating the illegal use of poison, such as thermal (night vision) viewers, camera traps and binoculars, and sample-taking and analysing materials. All the experience accumulated on legal actions and the investigation of this crime was collected in the publication ‘Illegal use of poisoned baits. Legal analysis and investigation’, a practical guide for legal and enforcement professionals.

Thanks to the project’s study on substances used in poison baits, the need for strengthening controls on the marketing and use of plant protection products and biocides was demonstrated. Within the framework of this action, the beneficiaries filed a complaint to the Environmental Prosecutor's Office to try to curb the illegal trade in these products. In addition, the actions developed in the Canary Islands promoted alternatives to the use of poison against predators which affect livestock and crops. The project initiated the Network of Volunteers against Poisoning, currently involving 336 members, and the SOS VENENO telephone line, which received more than 900 calls during the project lifetime. These enabled citizens to report cases of poisoning, in the countryside and in urban areas. The beneficiaries raising awareness and disseminating the project’s findings through the press, radio and television, with more than 900 pieces of news generated in different media. The project analysed all the episodes of poisoning occurring between 2005 and 2010 in Spain, and its report on this stimulated a review of the National Strategy against illegal use of poisoned baits in the environment. The project’s findings reached a global audience, through participation in various international forums and through its protocols being translated into English and distributed worldwide, and its procedural guides serve as the basis of the first international regulation on the poisoning of fauna.

The project succeeded in putting the issue of the illegal use of poison much higher up the political agenda in Spain. All the Spanish Autonomous Communities have committed themselves to adopt or review action plans to fight against poisoning, for instance, while the Spanish Ministry of Environment has reconvened the Working Group of Eco-toxicology. The project is a reference for the fight against illegal poison use and, given the current socio-economic context, the prevention, investigation and prosecution of this crime would not have advanced to anything near this extent in Spain without LIFE funding. All the project’s results are transferable to other countries.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Conservation Plan (see "Read more" section).


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Species - Mammals
Species - Birds


Keywords

endangered species


Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • Directive 2009/147 - Conservation of wild birds - Birds Directive (codified version of Directive ...
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...

Target species

 Aegypius monachus   Aquila adalberti   Gypaetus barbatus   Gyps fulvus   Hieraaetus fasciatus   Milvus milvus   Neophron percnopterus   Ursus arctos   


Natura 2000 sites

SPA ES0000015 SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA
SPA ES0000017 CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA
SCI ES0000018 Prepirineu Central català
SCI ES0000020 Delta de l'Ebre
SCI ES0000022 Aigüestortes
SPA ES0000039 Jandía
SPA ES0000088 Sierra de los Canalizos
SPA ES0000089 Valle del Tiétar y embalses de Rosarito y Navalcán
SCI ES0000090 SIERRA MORENA
SPA ES0000092 Alto Tajo
SPA ES0000093 ZEPA Montes de Toledo
SPA ES0000094 Parameras de Maranchón, hoz del Mesa y Aragoncillo
SPA ES0000097 Betancuria
SPA ES0000101 Lajares, Esquinzo y costa del Jarubio
SPA ES0000137 LOS VALLES
SCI ES0000003 PICOS DE EUROPA
SCI ES0000004 LAGUNAS DE VILLAFÁFILA
SCI ES0000007 CAÑÓN DEL RÍO LOBOS
SCI ES0000010 SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA
SCI ES0000016 ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO
SCI ES0000096 Pozo Negro
SCI ES0000115 HOCES DEL RÍO DURATÓN
SCI ES0000116 VALLE DE IRUELAS
SCI ES0000118 ARRIBES DEL DUERO
SCI ES0000136 Estepas de Belchite - El Planerón - La Lomaza
SCI ES0000138 Galachos de La Alfranca de Pastriz, La Cartuja y El Burgo de Ebro
SCI ES0000149 POSETS - MALADETA
SCI ES0000160 Hoz del río Gritos y páramos de Las Valeras
SCI ES0000164 Sierra de Ayllón
SCI ES0000165 VALLE Y SALINAS DEL SALADO
SCI ES0000166 BARRANCO DEL DULCE
SCI ES0000168 LLANURAS DE OROPESA, LAGARTERA Y CALERA Y CHOZAS
SCI ES0000184 VALLE DEL TIÉTAR
SCI ES0000185 CERRO DE GUISANDO
SCI ES0000186 PINARES DEL BAJO ALBERCHE
SCI ES0000187 MONTES DE MIRANDA DE EBRO Y AMEYUGO
SCI ES0000188 VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA
SCI ES0000189 CAMPO AZÁLVARO-PINARES DE PEGUERINOS
SCI ES0000190 ENCINARES DE LOS RÍOS ADAJA Y VOLTOYA
SCI ES0000191 EMBALSE DEL EBRO
SCI ES0000192 HUMADA-PEÑA AMAYA
SCI ES0000193 SIERRA DE LA TESLA-VALDIVIELSO
SCI ES0000194 OTEROS-CAMPOS
SCI ES0000201 CAMINO DE SANTIAGO
SCI ES0000202 CAMPO DE AZABA
SCI ES0000203 ALTOS DE BARAHONA
SCI ES0000204 TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS
SCI ES0000206 CAÑONES DEL DUERO
SCI ES0000207 PENILLANURAS-CAMPOS SUR
SCI ES0000208 LLANURAS DEL GUAREÑA
SCI ES0000209 TIERRA DEL PAN
SCI ES0000215 OTEROS-CEA
SCI ES0000216 LA NAVA-CAMPOS SUR
SCI ES0000217 PENILLANURAS-CAMPOS NORTE
SCI ES0000219 RÍO ALAGÓN
SCI ES0000255 PÁRAMO DE LAYNA
SCI ES2430101 MUELAS DEL JILOCA: EL CAMPO Y LA TORRETA
SCI ES2430105 Hoces del Río Mesa
SCI ES4110002 SIERRA DE GREDOS
SCI ES4110086 ENCINARES DE LA SIERRA DE ÁVILA
SCI ES4120012 SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA
SCI ES4120028 MONTE SANTIAGO
SCI ES4120030 MONTES OBARENES
SCI ES4120031 SABINARES DEL ARLANZA
SCI ES4120036 HOCES DEL ALTO EBRO Y RUDRÓN
SCI ES4130003 PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN
SCI ES4130010 SIERRA DE LOS ANCARES
SCI ES4130022 MONTES AQUILANOS
SCI ES4130024 SIERRA DE LA CABRERA
SCI ES4130035 VALLE DE SAN EMILIANO
SCI ES4140011 FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA
SCI ES4140036 LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE
SCI ES4150005 LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA
SCI ES4150006 CANDELARIO
SCI ES4150039 QUILAMAS
SCI ES4160008 HOCES DEL RÍO RIAZA
SCI ES4160048 LAGUNAS DE CANTALEJO
SCI ES4170013 SIERRA DE URBIÓN
SCI ES4170044 SIERRA DEL MONCAYO
SCI ES4180017 RIBERAS DE CASTRONUÑO
SCI ES4190009 LAGO DE SANABRIA Y ALREDEDORES
SCI ES5110004 Serra de Catllaràs
SCI ES5110005 Sistema Transversal català
SCI ES5110009 Riera de Merlès
SCI ES5120001 Alta Garrotxa - Massís de les Salines
SCI ES5120002 Capçaleres del Ter i del Fresser
SCI ES5120007 Cap de Creus
SCI ES5120013 Massís de les Cadiretes
SCI ES5120015 Litoral del Baix Empordà
SCI ES5130003 Alt Pallars
SCI ES5130004 Baish Aran
SCI ES5130005 Era Artiga de Lin - Eth Portilhon
SCI ES5130008 Serra d'Aubenç i Roc de Cogul
SCI ES5130009 Serra de Turp i Mora Condal-Valldan
SCI ES5130012 Vall Alta de Serradell-Serra de Sant Gervàs
SCI ES5130014 Aiguabarreig Segre-Noguera Pallaresa
SCI ES5130015 Serres del Montsec, Sant Mamet i Mitjana
SCI ES5140011 Sistema Prelitoral meridional
SPA ES0000159 ZEPA hoces del Cabriel, Guadazaón y ojos de Moya
SCI ES0000169 Río Tajo en Castrejón, islas de Malpica de Tajo y Azután
SPA ES0000181 LA RETUERTA Y SALADAS DE SÁSTAGO
SPA ES0000182 VALCUERNA, SERRETA NEGRA Y LIBEROLA
SPA ES0000198 Liébana
SPA ES0000220 RIBERAS DEL PISUERGA
SPA ES0000248 Desfiladero de la Hermida
SPA ES0000250 Sierra de Híjar
SPA ES0000251 Sierra del Cordel y cabeceras del Nansa y del Saja
SPA ES0000253 Hoces del Ebro
SPA ES0000259 SIERRA DE MOJANTES
SPA ES0000277 COLLARADA - IBÓN DE IP
SPA ES0000278 VIÑAMALA
SPA ES0000279 ALTO CINCA
SPA ES0000280 COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA
SPA ES0000281 EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS
SPA ES0000282 SALVATIERRA - FOZES DE FAGO Y BINIÉS
SPA ES0000284 SOTOS Y CARRIZALES DEL RÍO ARAGÓN
SPA ES0000285 SAN JUAN DE LA PEÑA Y PEÑA OROEL
SPA ES0000286 SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES
SPA ES0000287 SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA
SPA ES0000289 LAGUNAS Y CARRIZALES DE CINCO VILLAS
SPA ES0000290 LA SOTONERA
SPA ES0000291 SERRETA DE TRAMACED
SPA ES0000292 LOMA LA NEGRA - BARDENAS
SPA ES0000293 MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR
SPA ES0000294 LAGUNA DE SARIÑENA Y BALSA DE LA ESTACIÓN
SPA ES0000295 SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE
SPA ES0000297 SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS
SPA ES0000298 MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX
SPA ES0000299 DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN
SPA ES0000300 RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS
SPA ES0000302 PARAMERAS DE BLANCAS
SPA ES0000303 DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN
SPA ES0000304 PARAMERAS DE CAMPO VISIEDO
SPA ES0000305 PARAMERAS DE ALFAMBRA
SPA ES0000306 RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO
SPA ES0000309 MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL
SPA ES0000310 Llanos y cuchillos de Antigua
SPA ES0000357 ALTOS CAMPOS DE GÓMARA
SPA ES0000358 CAMPO DE ALISTE
SPA ES0000360 CIHUELA-DEZA
SPA ES0000361 DEHESA DE LOS RÍOS GAMO Y MARGAÑÁN
SPA ES0000362 LA NAVA-RUEDA
SPA ES0000363 MONTEAGUDO DE LAS VICARÍAS
SPA ES0000364 OMAÑA
SPA ES0000365 PÁRAMO LEONES
SPA ES0000366 VALDERÍA-JAMUZ
SPA ES0000391 PINAR DE ALMOROX
SCI ES1130009 Serra da Enciña da Lastra
SCI ES4220003 RÍOS DE LA CUENCA MEDIA DEL GUADIANA Y LADERAS VERTIENTES
SCI ES4250013 Rios de la margen izquierda del Tajo y berrocales del Tajo
SCI ES5130010 Serra de Boumort-Collegats
SCI ES5130016 Valls del Sió-Llobregós
SCI ES5130021 Secans de la Noguera
SCI ES5130023 Beneïdor
SCI ES5130024 La Faiada de Malpàs i Cambatiri
SCI ES5130025 Bellmunt-Almenara
SCI ES0000019 Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà
SCI ES0000146 Delta del Llobregat
SPA ES0000155 Sierras de Almadén - Chillón y Guadalmez
SPA ES0000162 Serranía de Cuenca
SPA ES0000163 SIERRA DE ALTOMIRA
SCI ES5130032 Vessants de la Noguera Ribagorçana
SPA ES0000247 RIBERAS DE LOS RÍOS HUEBRA Y YELTES
SPA ES0000283 SIERRAS DE LEYRE Y ORBA
SPA ES0000307 PUERTOS DE BECEITE
SPA ES0000349 Vallebrón y valles de Fimapaire y Fenimoy
SPA ES0000392 VALLE DEL TAJUÑA EN TORRECUADRADA
SCI ES5120024 Montgrony
SCI ES5120026 Tossa Plana de Lles-Puigpedrós
SCI ES5120027 Rasos de Tubau
SCI ES5130026 Serra de Prada-Castellàs
SCI ES5140023 Secans del Montsià
SPA ES0000288 SIERRA DE MONGAY


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator Sociedad Española de Ornitología
Type of organisation NGO-Foundation
Description SEO/BirdLife (Spanish Ornithology Society) is Spain’s main bird conservation charity. It was founded in 1954. It is Spain’s representative in the BirdLife International partnership.
Partners Fondo para la Conservación del Buitre Negro (BVCF), Spain Dirección General de Política Forestal-Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

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Project reference LIFE08 NAT/E/000062
Duration 01-JAN-2010 to 30-MAR -2014
Total budget 1,672,020.00 €
EU contribution 646,737.00 €
Project location Galicia(España),Cantabria(España),Aragón(España),Castilla-León(España),Castilla-La Mancha(España),Cataluña(España),Murcia(España),Canarias(España)

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Read more:

Project web site Project's website
Publication: After-LIFE Conservation Plan After-LIFE Conservation Plan
Publication: Guidelines-Manual "Annex III : General legal protocol for administra ...
Publication: Guidelines-Manual "Annex II : Procedural protocol for law enforcemen ...
Publication: Guidelines-Manual "Annex I: Procedural protocol for law enforcement ...
Publication: Guidelines-Manual "Annex IV: Procedural protocol for dealing with ca ...
Publication: Layman report Layman report
Publication: Layman report Layman report
Publication: Management plan "Action Plan to eradicate the illegal use of poiso ...
Publication: Research findings "Sustancias que Provocan el Envenenamiento de la F ...
Publication: Research findings "USO ILEGAL DE CEBOS ENVENENADOS. INVESTIGACIÓN Y ...
Publication: Technical report Project's Final technical report
Video link Project's presentation video (2')

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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version