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LIFE is the EU’s financial instrument supporting environmental and nature conservation projects throughout the EU. Since 1992, LIFE has co-financed some 3954 projects, contributing approximately €3.1 billion to the protection of the environment. Read more >>
09 January 2014The new LIFE Regulation has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, the official record of EU legislation. The Regulation - which was published on 20 December 2013 - establishes the Environment and Climate Action sub-programmes of the LIFE Programme for the next funding period, 2014–2020. The budget for the period is set at €3.4 billion in current prices.
The LIFE programme will contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the 7th Union Environmental Action Programme and other relevant EU environment and climate strategies and plans.
The ‘Environment’ strand of the new programme covers three priority areas: environment and resource efficiency; nature and biodiversity; and environmental governance and information. The ‘Climate Action’ strand covers climate change mitigation; climate change adaptation; and climate governance and information.
The programme also consists of a new category of projects, jointly funded integrated projects, which will operate on a large territorial scale. These projects will aim to implement environmental and climate policy and to better integrate such policy aims into other policy areas.
24 February 2014 Years of work by the Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB) the Sudanese Wildlife Society (SWS), as well as joint efforts of the LIFE project "Return of the Neophron” (LIFE10 NAT/BG/000152) and the BirdLife UNDP/GEF project Migratory Soaring Birds (MSB) have paid off. The Sudanese Government and the Sudanese Electricity company have agreed to switch off and replace a dangerous power line in the area of Port Sudan that has killed hundreds or even thousands of Egyptian Vultures and other birds over the years.
The Port Sudan area used to be the most important resting and feeding ground in Sudan for the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) during its exhausting autumn migration. The construction of the power line in the 1950s had a negative consequence for the species: large numbers of birds have been electrocuted when coming into contact with it. In 2010, BSPB and SWS began a series of actions to try and solve the problem, one of which is The Return of the Neophron.
21 February 2014 The Spanish LIFE Nature project, PROYECTO ESTANY (LIFE08 NAT/E/000078), has successfully reintroduced hundreds of freshwater mussels to Banyoles Lake in Girona, Catalonia. This success was built on the project's efforts in developing the most successful captive breeding programme for freshwater mussels of the Unio genus in Europe.
The project recreated the delicate natural breeding cycle of the mussels in a laboratory near Banyoles Lake. They used water and sediment from the lake as well as 900 fish, on which the mussels depend during their parasitic larval stage. In multiple breeding cycles since 2011, the team have produced 130 000 young mussels - 80% U. mancus and 20% U. ravoisieri.
The team nurtured the mussels in the laboratory, thus avoiding the extremely dangerous early days of a mussel's life in its natural environment.
20 February 2014 A UK-led LIFE project, RESTORE (LIFE09 INF/UK/000032), has published a new report highlighting the importance of river restoration in Europe. Available in five languages (English, French, Dutch, Italian and Finnish), this timely publication emphasises the value of river restoration in terms of increased ecological quality, flood risk reduction and social and economic benefits.
Between 2010 and 2013 the project developed tools - including a website and RiverWiki - to help practitioners across Europe increase their knowledge, skills and opportunities to create networks in the field of river restoration.
The report River Restoration in Europe: The art of the possible brings together knowledge from the LIFE project and the recent European River Restoration Conference to provide policy-makers and river basin managers with a useful document for addressing the key policy and technical challenges ahead.
The new report is designed to raise awareness of the ability of river restoration to mitigate against the effects of climate change on river habitats.
17 February 2014 The UK LIFE+ project IPENS (LIFE11 NAT/UK/000384) has published a report identifying 11 priorities for action to improve the condition of Natura 2000 sites in England. These priorities are part of a scoping exercise which will now be used to develop a strategic programme for management of the Natura 2000 network in England.
The project team conducted extensive analysis of available data sources and discussions with key stakeholders to identify the 11 priority threats and pressures facing Natura 2000 sites in England. These include habitat fragmentation, aerial nitrogen deposition, diffuse water pollution and coastal squeeze. The project will now develop ‘theme plans’, clarifying the nature of each issue and identifying (new) solutions across Natura 2000 sites.
12 February 2014 A new report by the European Environment Agency reveals that bat numbers in selected European countries increased by more than 40% between 1993 and 2011, an important correction to significant historic declines. According to EEA Executive Director, Hans Bruyninckx, the findings of the technical report on bats suggest "that targeted conservation policies over the last years have been successful. But many bat species are still endangered, so preserving their habitats is still an important priority."
The LIFE programme has been one key source of targeted spending in support of EU bat conservation objectives. Since 1992, there have been a total of 55 such projects, utilising some €54.8 million of EU funding, and mobilising almost €114 million in total, a significant part of which has been used to help the recovery of endangered bat species.
07 February 2014 An extensive report on the LIFE+ Environment Platform Meeting on Alternative Future Urban Mobility, which took place in Berlin in November 2013, is now available to download.
The report was written by Thomas Mayer from the LIFE+ External Monitoring Team (Astrale), which was responsible for organising the Platform Meeting in collaboration with host LIFE project, Clean Air (LIFE11 ENV/DE/000495). The aim of this multi-faceted project is to build a network of local and regional authorities and NGOs to support the monitoring and implementation of the Air Quality Directive, including sharing best practice and improving citizen awareness.
27 January 2014 In 2013, LIFEnews, the monthly LIFE newsletter, once again covered a wide range of key themes relating to the LIFE programme and EU environmental and nature conservation policy and practice. Here we count down the five most read articles of the year.
In fifth place is an article from March 2013 previewing the Climate Action sub-programme that has been introduced by the new LIFE Regulation for the period 2014-2020. Mette Quinn and Dominik Mayer from the Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA), spoke about the objectives for the sub-programme and the timeline for its implementation. Preparing for LIFE's new Climate Action sub-programme
24 January 2014 The results of the first trials of a hydromethane-fuelled bus for urban public transport were presented at the final conference of the LIFE+ Environment project MHyBus (LIFE07 ENV/IT/000434) in Bologna, Italy on 19 December, 2013. The project, which was led by the Region of Emilia-Romagna, carried out tests to optimize the engine for hydromethane, prepared a prototype vehicle, designed and built a dedicated fuelling station and then carried out road tests.
The prototype vehicle travelled more than 45 000 km on public roads around Ravenna without technical problems. The project found that the optimal fuel blend was a mix of 85% methane and 15% hydrogen by volume.
In the opening speech of the conference, Alfredo Peri, the Regional Councillor for Transport in Emilia-Romagna, stressed the importance of initiatives such as MhyBus in taking concrete steps towards a more sustainable mobility and the creation of a regional value chain.
21 January 2014 With issues such as erosion, soil sealing, carbon capture and contaminated land of growing public concern and policy focus, this brand-new LIFE Focus publication takes a timely look at LIFE and Soil protection.
The 68 page brochure includes an overview of EU soil policy, analysis of LIFE's contribution to its implementation and interviews that link soil science to policy-making to practical action. It also addresses in detail the impact of LIFE actions relating to all the key issues around soil sustainability, including: land take and soil sealing; soil biodiversity; carbon capture; soil monitoring; soil and water protection; sustainable agriculture; and land contamination.
The publication thus provides an opportunity to highlight and assess the LIFE programme's contribution to soil protection to date, including proposals for ways in which project outcomes may be better channelled and have an even greater impact in future.
20 January 2014 Three scientists from the NGO Förderverein Waldrappteam, beneficiary of a new LIFE Biodiversity project that aims to reintroduce the critically-endangered northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita) into Europe, are among the authors of a new scientific paper published by the journal Nature that reveals the secrets of why flocks of migratory birds fly in a V-formation.
The nine scientists – led by Steven Portugal - who co-authored the paper, 'Upwash exploitation and downwash avoidance by flap phasing in ibis formation flight', have seen their fascinating conclusions picked up by major media outlets around the world, including The New York Times, National Geographic, BBC and Spiegel, among many others.
The paper outlines the results of a data collection study, during which a group of 14 northern bald ibises underwent a human-led migration from Salzburg in Austria to southern Tuscany, Italy. Using new technology the team monitored the ibises as they flew in a V-formation, recording their position, speed, heading and every single wing flap over a 43-minute period.
17 January 2014 The latest LIFE Focus publication takes stock of the achievements to date of the LIFE Nature strand of the LIFE programme. Titled Long-term impact and sustainability of LIFE Nature, the 60-page brochure provides a user-friendly snapshot of the detailed assessments contained in the ex-post (after project's end) evaluations of LIFE projects.
This evaluation process involves visits by experts from the LIFE Monitoring Team to a random sampling of completed LIFE Nature projects a number of years after they have finished. Some 9% of all LIFE Nature projects have been evaluated thus far. As well as outlining the history and methodology of the ex-post evaluation process, this new publication draws on the results of that qualitative research, backed up by new interviews with key stakeholders across several EU Member States, to highlight the lessons that can be learned in terms of LIFE Nature's long-term impact and sustainability at both project and programme level.
14 January 2014 In 2008, LIFE-Projekt Maifisch (LIFE06 NAT/D/000005) first released allis shad (Alosa alosa) larvae into the Rhine system as part of an effort to bring this once abundant fish species back from extinction in this river system. Now, monitoring confirms that the allis shad has successfully spawned in the Rhine for the first time in more than half a century.
Three juvenile allis shad were detected in a cooling water outtake of a nuclear power plant on the upper Rhine late September 2013. Since the nearest location in which the species was reintroduced was some 100 km downstream, experts believe it is very unlikely that the specimens directly come from fish stocking measures undertaken by LIFE-Projekt Maifisch or the subsequent LIFE+ Nature project, Alosa alosa (LIFE09 NAT/DE/000008).
In mid-November 2013, a professional fisherman caught an adult allis shad near Wörth on the Upper Rhine. Biologists of the Universities of Koblenz-Landau and Düsseldorf confirm that this was a fully-spawned female, providing a further indication that the species has spawned successfully in the Rhine.
13 January 2014 The LIFE Nature project WOLFNET (LIFE08 NAT/IT/000325) successfully staged an International Wolf Congress from 6-8 November in Caramanico Terme, in Italy's Majella National Park. The congress was organised as the final event of the LIFE project by the coordinating beneficiary, the Majella National Park, together with project partners Pollino National Park, Foreste Casentinesi National Park, the Zooprophylactic Institute of the Regions of Lazio and Tuscany, the Province of l'Aquila and the Italian environmental NGO, Legambiente.
More than 250 participants from 13 countries attended the high-level congress, which included 35 presentations on wolf conservation.
10 January 2014 A Portuguese LIFE Nature project targeting the recovery of habitats threatened by invasive plant species has received the 2013 António Mota Award (http://premiomam.mota-engil.pt/) in recognition of its commitment to social inclusion.
The BRIGHT project (LIFE10 NAT/PT/000075) has involved a team of seven convicts from Coimbra Regional Prison, who work alongside the beneficiary’s staff on control and conservation tasks. Demonstrating the value of this collaboration, the first of the prisoners to complete his jail sentence has since become a full-time member of the project team.
20 December 2013 The European Commission has hosted a one-day platform meeting for all the LIFE+ projects working on the development of Prioritised Action Frameworks for Natura 2000 (LIFE PAF projects). The event was held in Brussels on 5 November 2013 and aimed to promote networking and exchange between the projects and Member State representatives.
Prioritised Action Frameworks (PAFs) set out the official nature conservation priorities for a country or region. They seek to act as strategic planning tools encouraging access to as many EU financial instruments as possible in the financing of the Natura 2000 network.
17 December 2013 The Bulgarian project LIFE FOR KRESNA GORGE (LIFE11 NAT/BG/000363) has successfully set-up a compensation scheme for farmers affected by depredation of livestock by bears, wolves, jackals and stray dogs. In an area where the loss of a single head of cattle represents a significant financial loss, the humman/predator conflict has become a considerable problem. The practice of placing poisoned baits to protect livestock has become fairly common, leading to frequent episodes of poisoning that affect not only large carnivores, but also birds of prey, such as vultures and eagles.
The ‘Livestock Prevention and Compensation’ Programme has reached 218 farmers in 2013, helping to reduce conflict between the farmers and these target species.
Managed by the Fund for Wild Flora and Fauna (FWFF), the scheme works by directly replacing the livestock the farmers have lost to predator attacks from FWFF’s own herds.
12 December 2013 The LIFE project MulkearLIFE (LIFE07NAT/IRL/000342) was recently presented with the Environment Award for 2013 by the Chartered Institute of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM) at a ceremony in Cork, Ireland.
The project, which is being led by the Inland Fisheries Ireland, was honoured for its measures to restore degraded habitats in an area of 650 km2 of the Mulkear River catchment of the Lower Shannon Special Area of Conservation. The project’s key partners are the Office of Public Works and Limerick County Council, while The National Parks and Wildlife act as project co-financiers. A range of other stakeholders support the project including local authorities (North & South Tipperary County Councils) and other state bodies (ESB Fisheries, Teagasc, Coillte, EPA) along with the local community (IFA, ICMSA, Mulkear & District Angling Association, local schools and school children, farmers and volunteers).
11 December 2013 An Italian LIFE+ project's efforts to combat threats to the native red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) from grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) are explored in the latest issue of the IUCN's invasive species specialist group (ISSG) newsletter. The main aim of the LIFE+ project, EC-SQUARE (LIFE09 NAT/IT/000095), featured in an article, on page 44 of Aliens – The Invasive Species Bulletin (Issue 33) was to eliminate, or reduce, the risks posed by the spread of grey squirrels via imports from the pet trade in northern Italy.
As well as being linked with the significant decline of red squirrel numbers, grey squirrels can also cause extensive damage to trees through bark-stripping, which affects re-growth and natural tree reproduction in commercial plantations and other forest ecosystems. Moreover, the spread of grey squirrels in Italy represents a problem for the entire European continent, since from Italy the alien species is predicted to colonise surrounding countries, particularly France and Switzerland.
10 December 2013 The European Commission is launching a new Award designed to celebrate and promote best practices for nature conservation in Europe. The European Natura 2000 Award is open to any entity involved in the implementation of activities related to management of a Natura 2000 site. From authorities and businesses, to land owners , NGOs, educational institutions and individuals from all 28 EU Member States – all are eligible to apply.
The Award aims to help bring the success of the network to the public’s attention and to demonstrate its importance for protecting biodiversity across Europe. This is an urgent task: the 2013 Eurobarometer survey found that only 27% of respondents have heard of the Natura 2000 network, while only 44% have heard of the term “biodiversity” and know what it means.
09 December 2013 The European Council has adopted a regulation that establishes the Environment and Climate Action sub-programmes of the LIFE Programme for the next funding period, 2014–2020. The budget for the period is set at €3.4 billion in current prices.
The programme will contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the 7th Union Environmental Action Programme and other relevant EU environment and climate strategies and plans.
The ‘Environment’ strand of the new programme covers three priority areas: environment and resource efficiency; nature and biodiversity; and environmental governance and information. The ‘Climate Action’ strand covers climate change mitigation; climate change adaptation; and climate governance and information.
06 December 2013 To celebrate its 40th anniversary, the EUROPARC Federation – the beneficiary of the LIFE project ‘Nature parks in Europe: a charter for sustainable tourism’ (LIFE94 ENV/F/000878) – hosted an awards ceremony to honour the achievements of protected areas. The ceremony was held at the European Parliament on 6 November and was co-hosted by the MEP Gaston Franco.
The ceremony was part of a one-day event that began with the 8th European Charter Network Meeting, which brought together managers of protected areas, tourism professionals and business leaders from across Europe for a series of workshops and plenary sessions at the Marche Representation in Brussels. The 2013 Charter Award Ceremony followed in the afternoon at the European Parliament.
More than 70 participants from 12 countries attended, and 19 protected areas were honoured with awards. Currently, the tourism activities of 119 areas follow the principles of the charter.
05 December 2013 The final conference of the LIFE project IMCM - Control of noxious or vector mosquitoes (LIFE08 ENV/F/000488) was held on 23-24 October 2013 in Montpellier, France. The conference, on integrated pest management (IPM) of mosquitoes, highlighted the scientific and technical findings of the project.
There are several challenges to implementing IPM for mosquitoes in a manner consistent with sustainable development. These include the small number of authorised insecticides available, demanding environmental standards relating to biocides, and the need to prevent the emergence of pesticide-resistance. There is also a new invasive mosquito species (Aedes albopictus) in Europe that is a potential vector of tropical diseases, including those caused by chikungunya and dengue viruses; a problem likely to increase with global warming.
LIFE IMCM has taken actions to provide effective and environmentally-sound mosquito control methodologies and to develop decision-making tools for public bodies combating mosquitoes.
04 December 2013 The LIFE+ project Iberlince (LIFE10 NAT/ES/000570) continues to expand its programme to reintroduce the highly endangered Iberian lynx in southern Spain. Nearly 20 animals bred and raised in captivity by the project have been released in Andalusia in 2013 and further reintroductions are planned for spring 2014.
In 2013, the project has reintroduced:
Further reintroductions are foreseen for early 2014 in the Sierra Norte of Seville and the valley of the Guarrizas river.
Animals are only released after successfully following a pre-release programme of adaptation to their new environment. They have to demonstrate skills and behaviour appropriate to life in the wild, including hunting, fleeing danger and relations with other lynx. Specific animals are chosen for particular locations based on their genetic profile with the aim of increasing local genetic diversity.
03 December 2013 The LIFE+ project Conéctate a la Red Natura (LIFE11 INF/ES/000655) has launched a telephone hotline for Spanish citizens to ask about Natura 2000 management. This tool enables people to improve their understanding of how they can successfully co-exist with the Natura 2000 network to mutual benefit.
SEO/BirdLife launched the new Spanish freephone number 900 66 77 90 as a response to the need to overcome people's lack of awareness and understanding of the Natura 2000 network. Research showed that only 16% of citizens in Spain had heard of these protected spaces, never mind understanding correctly how they operate and what they do.
Natura 2000 covers around 27% of the Spanish territory so it is relevant to a lot of people. Many who have heard of it are concerned that the protection offered to the natural environment will cause direct conflict with their economic or leisure activities. The hotline seeks to provide people with the correct information about how they can work with the network and even benefit from it.
27 November 2013 The Best LIFE Environment projects 2012 publication profiles those environment projects that were completed by the end of 2012 and were acknowledged at the LIFE Environment Awards as having achieved outstanding results. For the ninth consecutive year, the awards highlighted best practices and innovative actions that can be replicated in other areas of Europe.
This year, a total of 13 LIFE projects were honoured with the accolade, 'Best' LIFE Environment project, while a further four projects were selected for special praise as 'Best of the Best' LIFE Environment projects. The four 'Best of the Best' projects achieved great advances in water management and demonstrated a range of transferable measures. All 17 winners are featured in this publication. They collectively highlight the huge potential of the LIFE programme for helping Member States implement environmental policy on a national and European level.
25 November 2013 The European Parliament approved the budget for the next LIFE programme on Thursday 21 November 2013. The new ‘LIFE Programme for the Environment and Climate Action’ has a budget of EUR 3.1 billion for environmental projects carried out by public or private bodies, 2014-2020.
“This is less than Parliament requested, but still a clear increase over the [2007-13] budget of 2.2 billion euros,” pointed out European Parliament rapporteur, Jutta Haug (S&D, DE). “LIFE is a small but extremely successful and popular EU funding instrument.... We therefore voted to continue and strengthen this programme... [to face up to] new tasks and challenges,” she said.
The new LIFE programme will notably prioritise projects around climate action and resource efficiency. Indeed, the budget earmarks EUR 864 million for a dedicated sub-programme for climate action. “Given the success of [current LIFE+ climate change projects] and the urgency for innovative action and best practices on climate change, [this issue] was upgraded to a separate sub-programme to which a quarter of the LIFE budget is dedicated,” explained Ms Haug.
18 November 2013 Science for Environmental Policy (SfEP) provides an information service on the latest policy-relevant environmental findings in Europe. SfEP is a news and information service published by the European Commission’s DG Environment. It’s aim isto help the busy policy-maker keep up-to-date with the latest environmental research findings needed to design, implement and regulate effective policies. SfEP publishes both weekly News Alerts and monthly Thematic Issues. The latest Thematic Issue (October 2013, Issue 43) is dedicated to LIFE projects.
The forward of the LIFE Project issue is a guest editorial by Gabriella Camarsa and João Pedro Silva, Senior Experts on ‘Environment’ and ‘Nature and Biodiversity’, respectively, within the LIFE Communications Team (ASTRALE GEIE – AEIDL). The first part of the 16-page publication concerns LIFE Environment projects, focusing on water resource management, wastewater treatment, and the recycling and reuse of industrial waste materials. The second part of the Thematic Issue looks at LIFE Nature projects that have benefitted species and habitats within the EU Natura 2000 network of nature reserves. Peer-reviewed research publications arising from 10 LIFE co-funded projects are used to illustrate the range of contributions LIFE projects make to environmental policy.
14 November 2013 The LIFE+ project CREAMAgua (LIFE09 ENV/ES/000431) has been awarded a runners-up prize in the 2013 edition of the Conama Prize for sustainability. The Conama Foundation set up the prize in 2008 to recognise the best initiatives by small and medium-sized Spanish municipalities in promoting environmental sustainability.
CREAMAgua has been recognised for its work to create and restore 16 wetland areas and 70 ha of riparian habitat along the River Flumen in Los Monegros, Spain.
13 November 2013 The final conference of the WALPHY project (LIFE07 ENV/B/000038), which was held 15-17 October at the Palais des Congrès in Namur, Belgium, attracted a total of 210 people from eight countries to share experiences and learn more about improving the hydromorphological conditions of waterways.
The conference was an opportunity to present the results of the WALPHY project, as well as enabling river management professionals, scientific experts and representatives of competent authorities to exchange information.
12 November 2013 The EU Member States represented on the LIFE Committee and the European Commission's LIFE Nature Unit have announced the Best LIFE Nature Projects 2012.
The 8 projects selected represent the most successful of the recently completed LIFE Nature projects, in terms of best practices and/or demonstration actions on nature conservation and the implementation of the Habitats and Birds Directives.
08 November 2013 A pilot study on soil-related LIFE projects has been published by the LIFE Monitoring Team. The study analysed the contribution of the LIFE programme to the implementation, dissemination and further development of EU environmental policies and legislation in this area.
This latest study forms part of a series of thematic studies and follows the publication of analyses of LIFE’s impact on the water sector and on noise and air. The aim of the studies is to strengthen the link between the LIFE Units in charge of the management of operational projects and the Thematic Units dealing mainly with environmental policy.
30 October 2013 ‘Better to prevent than restore’ might be the motto of AlterIAS (LIFE08 INF/B/000052), a LIFE Information & Communication project, which held its final conference on 25 September in Gembloux, Belgium.
The event was an opportunity to learn about the significant results achieved by the AlterIAS project in reducing the introduction of invasive alien plant species in Belgium. It attracted around 250 stakeholders, including agronomy students and professionals, horticulture enterprises, managers of urban green areas and researchers.
Around 76% of such invasive plants are introduced voluntarily, usually for aesthetic or even environmental reasons (for example to attract bees), without any awareness of their adverse impact on biodiversity. It was therefore necessary to carry out an extensive awareness-raising and information campaign that targeted schools, gardeners and the entire ornamental horticulture supply chain.
29 October 2013 The 2013 edition of the annual European Parliament Gypsum Forum, which took place at the European Parliament in Brussels on 16 October, was a great opportunity to present the aims and some of the initial findings of the LIFE Environment project GtoG (LIFE11 ENV/BE/001039), which is being led by Eurogypsum, the European federation of national associations of producers of gypsum products.
The Forum aims to foster dialogue between a wide range of stakeholders in order to promote sustainable construction in Europe. The gypsum industry is responsible for 1% of all construction and demolition waste (CDW), and the GtoG project (“From Production to Recycling, a Circular Economy for the European Gypsum Industry with the Demolition and Recycling Industry”) is aiming to transform the gypsum demolition waste market. The goal is to achieve higher recycling rates of gypsum waste as a significant move towards a resource-efficient economy.
The theme of this year’s Gypsum Forum was ‘Megatrends in Construction: the three R's-Renovation-Resource Efficiency-Recycling’. MEP Jean-Paul Gauzès, the President of the European Parliament Gypsum Forum gave a welcome in which he emphasised the need to strengthen the shift towards sustainable construction.
28 October 2013 The skies over the Bulgarian coastline near the Shabla Lighthouse recently teemed with colourful kites of all descriptions in an effort to raise awareness of the need to protect the red- breasted goose in its wintering grounds in the country.
The kites – the handiwork of flying aces from Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria – took the shape of a range of fantastic creatures, from flying fish, octopus, dragons and giant silk teddy bears to, naturally, the red-breasted geese itself.
The event was the third Shabla Kite Festival to be organised annually as part of the LIFE project Safe Ground Redbreasts (LIFE09 NAT/BG/000230).
The red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis) is a rare and endangered bird that spends the winter in coastal Dobrudzha, north-east Bulgaria. One of the goals of this LIFE project is to promote the region’s natural beauty and biodiversity and establish the red-breasted goose as a flagship species. Its conservation is a positive sign of the region’s move towards sustainable development, as well as being a boost to Bulgaria’s image as a country that protects its nature and wildlife.
24 October 2013 A LIFE+ Nature Platform meeting for Swedish, Danish and Finnish Nature projects was recently held in Östersund, Sweden. The meeting, which attracted 71 participants from 29 open LIFE projects, was a great opportunity to exchange experiences and knowledge among the projects.
The three-day meeting (24-26 September) was organised by two ongoing Swedish LIFE Nature projects in collaboration with the Astrale LIFE monitoring team. It featured presentations from the projects, the National Contact Points and the Astrale Monitoring Team.
The meeting was also attended by two European Commission representatives: Maja Mikosinska, LIFE Technical Desk Officer and Tommy Sejersen, LIFE Financial Desk Officer. They gave presentations on the new LIFE Regulation and on recent changes in the financial aspect of project management.
21 October 2013 An updated checklist for the soldier flies (Stratiomyidae) insect family in Italy has recently been published thanks in part to new data collected in the framework of the ongoing Italian LIFE+ project, 'ManFor C.BD' (LIFE09 ENV/IT/000078).
The ‘Updated Italian checklist of Soldier Flies’ by Franco Mason, combines previous knowledge and information about this Diptera family with new data gathered by sampling with Malaise traps (tent-like structures used by researchers to collect flying insects) in some of the project test areas. Among the findings aretwo species new to the Italian fauna: Neopachygaster meromelas (Dufour, 1841) commonly known as silver-strips black; and Zabrachia minutissima (Zetterstedt, 1838). In Italy, 91 known Stratiomyidae species have already been recorded – making, it is claimed, the Italian fauna of Stratiomyidae the richest in Europe.
A comprehensive key to the European species of Chorisops Rondani, 1856 is also provided with the checklist.
18 October 2013 The LIFE+ project MoorLIFE (LIFE08 NAT/UK/000202) is sending in tractors to cut back heather and create a more desirable moorland patchwork in the Peak District National Park. The intervention will re-establish a mosaic of new growth and more established plants to favour local biodiversity.
For ground-nesting birds such as grouse, a moorland patchwork provides both shelter from predators as well as more open areas for feeding. The cut patches have the added benefit of acting as a natural fire break. Traditionally, mosaics have been created by managed burning; however, cutting will allow the trimmings to be swept up and transported for use on eroded bare peat areas: the cut heather, known as ‘brash’, forms a protective layer over the peat, helping to avoid further erosion. It also provides a source of seeds, which will germinate and help rebuild the original heather cover on these eroded areas.
16 October 2013 The President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, officially launched the LIFE+ project for the defragmentation of the Sonian Forest in Belgium (LIFE OZON - LIFE12 NAT/BE/000166) at a special event in the town of Hoeilaart on Friday 11 October 2013. Mr Van Rompuy said he was very pleased to launch the project, not only in his official capacity, but also as a resident of Sint-Genesius Rode (Rhode-Saint-Genèse), a town located within the forest. He pointed out that the Sonian Forest, known locally as the Forêt des Soignes or Zoniënwoud, had inspired writers and poets for centuries, from the medieval mystic Jan van Ruusbroec, to Herman Teirlinck and Jacques Brel more recently. Mr Van Rompuy was moved to compose a haiku in honour of the location of this LIFE Nature project: "Een plek van stilte over groene grensen heen: het woud van Ruusbroec" (which roughly translates as "A place of silence that crosses green borders: the forest of Ruusbroec).
Noting that the aim of the project is to reconnect fragmented patches of flora and fauna through green infrastructure such as eco-tunnels and eco-ducts, Mr Van Rompuy highlighted the fact that LIFE OZON is above all about connecting things, "And connection is the key word for the European Union. Connection between people, between cultures, between languages. that is what this project will do with forests."
14 October 2013 An online Natura 2000 Platform has been launched to allow the sharing of information, knowledge and experiences on the different habitat types.
This is a key feature of the New Biogeographical Process, launched by the 2011 by the European Commission in order to ensure the continuous and effective management of the Natura 2000 network.
LIFE projects have developed a wealth of information, experience and know-how about the protection of species and the management of different habitat types. As a result, both current and former LIFE project beneficiaries and partners can make a significant contribution to the New Biogeographical Process and are strongly encouraged to become members of this online community.
You can find more information about the New Biogeographical Process here.
11 October 2013 Covering 40% of the European Union territory, forests are a key resource for improving quality of life and creating jobs, in particular in rural areas, while also protecting ecosystems and providing ecological benefits. Protecting this resource is at the heart of the EU's new forest strategy, unveiled by the European Commission on 20 September 2013.
EU Agriculture and Rural Development Commissioner Dacian Cioloş, said: "Forests are key ecosystems, as well as a source of wealth and jobs in rural areas, if they are managed in a proper way. Sustainable forest management, ensuring the protection of forests, is a key pillar of rural development and it is one of the principles of the new Forest Strategy".
The new approach highlights that forests are not only important for rural development, but also for the environment and biodiversity, for forest-based industries, bioenergy, and in the fight against climate change.
10 October 2013 The Greek LIFE Environment project SOL-BRINE (LIFE09 ENV/GR/000299) has successfully staged an international conference to share experiences and best practices in water management, with particular reference to islands. The 'Water Is Necessary for Life – WIN4Life' conference attracted more than 150 delegates from Europe, the Middle East and Africa to the Cultural Foundation of Tinos on the Greek island of Tinos from 19-21 September, 2013.
The assembled representatives of academic institutions, public and private sector water management bodies and local authorities saw more than 70 presentations that highlighted the importance of water as a natural resource. In line with the United Nations' declaration of 2013 as the International Year of Water Cooperation, the LIFE project's closing conference provided a platform for exchanging recent ideas regarding water management, innovative wastewater techniques, treatment processes for brine and energy autonomous systems in order to address water scarcity with respect to public health and the environment.
01 October 2013 The final conference of the RESTORE project (LIFE09 INF/UK/000032), which was held in Vienna, 11-13 September, and organised in collaboration with the European Centre for River Restoration, resulted in a big success. The event attracted more than 300 delegates from 35 nations across Europe and farther afield. The programme of the conference included more than 100 presentations, three excursions and a number of workshops.
The event showcased examples of successful river restoration and inspired participants’ discussions on future challenges and opportunities for river restoration. Experiences were shared, best practices promoted and stronger networks built for future collaboration.
The significant contribution of the LIFE Programme to river restoration achievements in the EU was underlined by a number of speakers, and various LIFE projects were present during the event.
30 September 2013 An international LIFE+ Platform Meeting on Alternative Future Urban Mobility, organised by the Astrale LIFE monitoring team, will take place in UBA (German Federal Environmental Agency), Bismarckplatz 1, D-14193 Berlin, 21-22 November. Download the agenda here.
The meeting is being held in cooperation with the current German LIFE project, Clean Air , (LIFE 11 ENV/DE/000495) and the German Federal Environmental Agency (UBA). There will be a presentation on the latest EU policy developments by Guido de Wilt of the European Commission DG Environment.
The aim of this compact thematic seminar is to bring together practitioners from across Europe to:
The two-day event starts in the afternoon of Thursday, 21 November.
26 September 2013A timely overview of micro-reserve conservation in Europe is presented in a new book, ‘Plant Micro-Reserves: From Theory to Practice - Experiences gained from EU LIFE and other related projects’, edited by Costas Kadis, Costas A. Thanos and Emilio Laguna Lumbreras. The book was published within the framework of the LIFE project, PLANT-NET CY (LIFE08 NAT/CY/000453).
Plant Micro-Reserves (PMRs) are small areas of land that are of peak value in terms of the in situ conservation of rare, endemic or threatened plant species. Small reserves had existed before, as the book’s introduction explains, but PMRs were first formulated as legally protected sites with their own characteristics in Valencia (Spain) in 1994. The PMR approach better addresses the protection of priority plant species, whose fragmented populations aggregate in microhabitats, than the traditional nature reserve approach. Networks of PMRs are now regarded as one of the most effective ways to conserve plant diversity, and LIFE has played an important role in funding their development, supporting a total of 10 projects on this topic.
24 September 2013The Biodiversity Foundation and the Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water (RIEW) organised a cycling ‘challenge’ on 12 August 2013 to celebrate 33 years of the Atanasovsko Lake Reserve in Bulgaria. Team members from the LIFE Nature Salt of Life project (LIFE11 NAT/BG/000362) prepared a special game for participants and made commemorative cakes.
The Atanasovsko Lake Reserve is part of the Burgas Lakes complex along Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast. It is a very important site for breeding, migrating and overwintering birds. Of Bulgaria’s 446 bird species, 320 can be seen at the reserve. The lake is also one of Europe’s most important migrating and roosting sites, especially for pelicans, storks and several birds of prey. However, the lagoon habitat in Atanasovsko Lake is under threat as a result of a degraded connection with the sea, pollution and eutrophication.
The proposal centres round a list of invasive alien species of Union concern, which will be drawn up with the Member States using risk assessments and scientific evidence. Selected species will be banned from the EU, meaning it will not be possible to import, buy, use, release or sell them. Special measures will be taken to deal with issues arising for traders, breeders or pet owners in the transitional period.
Three types of intervention are proposed: prevention; early warning and rapid response; and management of established invasive alien species of concern.
The Commission intends that the proposal will encourage a shift towards a harmonised and more preventive approach, increasing efficiency and lowering damage costs and the cost of action over time.
18 September 2013EU soil experts will join LIFE+ project beneficiaries on 24-25 September, for a special two-day platform meeting in Greece addressing environmental problems associated with soil. Some 30 participants, including representatives of 11 LIFE+ co-funded soil-related projects, are expected at this thematic seminar, organised by the Astrale Greece LIFE monitoring team, in cooperation with the SAGE10 project (LIFE09 ENV/GR/000302).
The meeting will take place at the Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Kifissia in Athens, Greece. It will be opened by Thomas Strassburger, Policy Officer of the Agriculture, Forest and Soil Unit of DG Environment, and will include presentations by Dr Stamatis Stamatiades of Goulandris Natural History Museum (Soil quality); Dr Costas Kosmas of the Agricultural University of Athens (Threats, gaps, and technical assessment); and Dr Theodoros Karyotis of the Institute for Soil Mapping and Classification (Strategies and policies for soil protection).
Also attending are: Astrale soil specialist, Riccardo Giandrini; and Jorge Blanco from the DG Agriculture European Innovation Partnership (EIP) “Service Point”, the task manager soil.
16 September 2013The Malta-Gozo Channel was confirmed on 30 August as Malta's first Marine Important Bird Area (IBA) in recognition of its international importance for two protected bird species: the Yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) and Scopoli's shearwater (Calonectris diomedea).
The 123 hectare channel, including the island of Comino, is also an important migration route for the ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), another species listed in Annex I of the EU Birds Directive.
Two LIFE projects have played an important role in securing Marine IBA status for the channel. "Malta's first EU LIFE project, the Yelkouan Shearwater Project (2006-2010 - LIFE06 NAT/MT/000097), made the resources available to pursue the intensive studies required to collect the amount of rigorous scientific data needed for the true importance of the site to be assessed," said project beneficiary BirdLife Malta, in a press release.
"One of the aims of the European IBA designation is to help identify sites for inclusion in the EU's Natura 2000 Network of protected sites," said Ms Dora Querido, LIFE Project Officer at the RSPB, one of the international partners involved in the 2006 LIFE project. "Malta already has 13 terrestrial Special Protection Areas, all of which were first identified as IBAs. We hope that Malta will continue this best practice to nominate the Gozo Channel as its first Marine Special Protection Area," she added.
The Marine IBA designation follows the assessment of a proposal and data submitted by BirdLife Malta in 2011 against standard, internationally recognised criteria established by BirdLife International's IBA Progamme, a network of more than 10 000 sites considered as the minimum necessary to ensure the survival of the species concerned across their ranges.
09 September 2013A total of 19 companies recently joined the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism (ECST) of the Lands of Priolo, in the Azores, Portugal. The enterprises, which are connected with tourism, will be the first to use the ‘Priolo Brand’ that was established by two LIFE projects. The brand is a sign of quality for tourism operators in the Special Protected Area (SPA) of Pico da Vara.
The Natura 2000 network site is home to the only population of one of Europe’s rarest birds, the Azores bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina) or ‘priolo’ as it’s known locally. These companies, together with entities that promote the Charter, will develop a set of nature conservation measures and work towards sustainable tourism in the area.
The Priolo Brand was established by the LIFE projects PRIOLO (LIFE03 NAT/P/000013) and Sustainable Laurel Forest (LIFE07 NAT/P/000630), both of which were led by SPEA (BirdLife in Portugal) in partnership with the regional government of the Azores. Companies setting up partnerships with the Natural Park of São Miguel Island will be able to use this brand and enhance the environmental, economic and social benefits of these protected areas.
06 September 2013The call for proposals for financial support in 2014 under the current legal base (LIFE+) is now published, with a budget of EUR 9.000.000 and a deadline for applications of 15 October 2013.
For details and application documents, please see "How to apply". General and financial conditions are similar to previous years, except for certain updates to align with the revised EU Financial Regulation. The award criteria have been updated to align with the new EU Environmental Action Programme.
05 September 2013Wild lesser kestrels (Falco naumanni) have been spotted in a special adaptation aviary constructed by the Bulgarian LIFE Nature project, Lesser Kestrel Recovery (LIFE11 NAT/BG/000360). The sighting (via video surveillance) of the wild falcons, together with individuals ringed by the project, provides the first confirmation of the successful reunion of released birds in the wild population of the Balkans.
The project, which is being coordinated by Green Balkans, a federation of nature conservation non-governmental organisations, is aiming to increase and strengthen the breeding populations in Bulgaria. A key measure is the release, in cooperation with Spanish partner DEMA and German partner EURONATUR, of captive-bred birds in Bulgaria, where the bird numbers are extremely low. Some 90 chicks have already been released in the hope that more than a third will return to their original nesting site – the Sakar Natura 2000 SPA (special protection area for wild birds).
30 August 2013 Following a training workshop held by the LIFE+ project, The Return of the Neophron (LIFE10 NAT/BG/000152) in the Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria (July 29-3 August), one of the participants, Ibrahim Hashim, President of the Sudanese Wildlife Society (SWS) has confirmed that the Sudanese government is taking steps to insulate a power line in Port Sudan that is a major cause of vulture mortality. The Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) population traditionally migrates along the western shores of the Red Sea and nests in Eastern Europe and Asia. More than 80 Egyptian vultures are reported to have been killed by the Port Sudan power line over a number of years. A joint expedition in 2010 by the LIFE project beneficiary, the Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB) and SWS confirmed that this power line has also led to the deaths of lappet-faced vultures, steppe eagles and a Bonelli's eagle, sadly the first recorded sighting of the species in Sudan. As a result of the expedition, the two conservation organisations produced a risk assessment, which has persuaded the local authorities to begin securing the power line.
21 August 2013 The LIFE+ project SEWeb (LIFE10 ENV/UK/000182), which brings together information on Scotland's environment, is set to launch an important new resource for teachers for the autumn and winter terms of the upcoming school year. The website is preparing a 'Youth Discussion', which will consist of classroom discussions and debates, a Glow meet (Glow is Education Scotland's online community for Scottish schools), as well as a competition. Suggested areas of study, briefing materials and themes for the competition and Glow meet will be available shortly on Scotland's Environment Web.
The Youth Discussion follows several other recent developments on the website, including new core briefings on Public Engagement, Citizen Science and State of Environment Reporting.
12 August 2013 An article in the scientific journal Animal conservation [issue 16 (2013)] has highlighted the important role of a LIFE Nature Platform Meeting (thematic seminar) on Terrestrial Invertebrates that took place in Newquay, Cornwall, UK in June 2011.
The article, “Possible directions in the protection of the neglected invertebrate biodiversity”, by Manuela D’Amen et al, points out that whilst site-based conservation is widely recognised as a fundamental step in halting biodiversity loss at a global scale, terrestrial invertebrates have tended to be neglected in the reserve selection process. The authors therefore consider the 2011 LIFE Nature Terrestrial Invertebrates Platform Meeting as “a very important step… This conference introduced for the first time in the Nature 2000 framework a real opportunity for innovative projecting among beneficiaries and experts in terrestrial invertebrate conservation.”
07 August 2013 The LIFE project ‘IES – Irrigation Expert Simulator’ (LIFE11 ENV/E/000621), which is developing a web platform for training and supporting farmers in the development of their own irrigation schedules, has carried out its first irrigation validation field assessments.
The project installed flow meters at the beginning of the irrigation season, and technicians from the Watering Office of DAAM recently collected data from the 14 commercial plots that are collaborating with the project. These plots are located in seven irrigation communities with different crops and irrigation systems. Data will be analysed in order to validate IES, the watering simulation tool.
06 August 2013 Shoppers in Wiltshire, England unexpectedly came face to face – or nose to beak – with a protected species targeted by a local LIFE project. A disorientated young stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), one of the UK’s rarest breeding birds and the target of an ongoing LIFE project, ‘Securing the stone-curlew’ (LIFE11 INF/UK/000418), recently was found wandering outside a supermarket in Devizes.
This shy bird is rarely spotted even in its normal downland habitat. Its camouflaged plumage and nocturnal habits make sightings very rare. The stray bird found in Devizes was taken to a veterinary clinic by a member of the public, who thought it was a young bird of prey. It was then passed to Wiltshire Wildlife Hospital at Newton Toney who cared for the bird.
31 July 2013The LIFE ‘Ecoedición’ project (LIFE08 ENV/E/0000124) has developed Product Category Rules (PCR) for printed books and e-books. The rules establish common and harmonised ways of calculating the environmental impacts of publications at a European level.
More specifically, PCR define the requirements for obtaining a type III eco-label or Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) according to ISO 14025. An EPD is a communication tool that provides relevant, verified and quantitative data on the environmental impacts of a publication throughout its lifecycle.
Such data enable clear comparisons of the environmental performance of publications to be made. The effect is to facilitate decision-making within green public procurement processes and to increase responsible consumption by consumers and readers. It also introduces the concept of ecodesign and fosters continuous improvement in publishing and printing houses.
30 July 2013In June 2013, LIFE professionals gathered in Budapest for the annual LIFE monitors meeting. As part of the three-day conference, participants visited a number of projects that have benefited from LIFE funding, including one of the most successful conservation initiatives in Hungary, the Hungarian Meadow Viper Programme.
The Hungarian Meadow Viper Programme was started in 2004 and has been funded by two successful LIFE projects so far (LIFE04 NAT/HU/000116, LIFE07 NAT/H/000322). In recognition of the quality of the work being done, the first project was recognised as a "Best of the Best" LIFE Nature project for 2007-2008. During the monitors meeting, participants also had the opportunity to visit the Hungarian Meadow Viper Conservation Centre. They enjoyed a guided tour of the new educational facilities and learnt all about the behaviour of the Hungarian meadow viper (Vipera ursinii rakosiensis).
29 July 2013Three Danish LIFE Nature projects have held an event to gather hay for inoculation of restored dry grasslands with characteristic plant species. The aim was to gather hay from high-value dry grasslands and inoculate two former agricultural areas with a view to accelerating their succession towards the protected habitat type 6210.
The three LIFE projects - TOTAL COVER HELNÆS (LIFE08 NAT/DK/000465), DRY GRASSLAND (LIFE08 NAT/DK/000464) and CONNECT HABITATS (LIFE09 NAT/DK/000371) - brought together Danish nature managers for a two-day event during which traditional techniques – involving the use of scythes - were employed to gather the hay. Professional scythe managers introduced this difficult technique, which enables the hay to be collected in a very gentle way. Scythes are increasingly being used in place of heavy machinery to secure the extensive management of vulnerable Danish habitat types.
18 July 2013The LIFE Gas-off project (LIFE09 ENV/IT/000214) recently completed trials on the use of feed additives to reduce the production of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in dairy cows.
The trials are part of an integrated evaluation of strategies to mitigate GHGs on dairy farms and were carried out on four groups of six Friesian cows. One of these groups acted as a control, while the others were fed with diets containing one of three different additives: Thymol, Guaiacol or Yeast. These additives had already been tested at the University of Milan and were shown to have potential in reducing enteric methanogenesis. The purpose of the trials, therefore, was to determine the effectiveness of the different diets. The project, which is being led by Azienda Sperimentale "Vittorio Tadini", a non-profit research and advisory organisation based in Piacenza, is also assessing the role of biogas production and the cultivation of biomass crops in reducing GHG emissions on farms. In particular, it is looking at techniques for optimizing biomass production and manure and effluent management in order to improve the performances of biogas plants and reduce environmental impacts.
05 July 2013VACCIA (Vulnerability Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation) – a ‘Best of’ LIFE Environment project 2012’ – is continuing to have a wide-reaching impact. According to the project beneficiary, the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), less than two years after the awarded project officially closed, its results and objectives are already being used in national policy and an international ecological research network; and they have been incorporated into a national climate change guide, as well as new international research and development projects.
Moreover, the main results of the (2009-2011) project have been presented at several international conferences and published in a high-level scientific journal (Forsius et al. 2013).
03 July 2013The European Commission has approved funding for 248 new projects under the LIFE+ programme, the European Union's environment fund. The projects have been submitted by beneficiaries in 26 Member States and cover actions in the fields of nature conservation, climate change, environmental policy and information and communication on environmental issues across all 27 Member States. Overall, they represent a total investment of some €556.4 million, of which the EU will provide €281.4 million.
Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik said: “The LIFE+ programme continues to provide vital financial support for innovative and replicable environmental and nature conservation projects with significant added value for the EU. These new projects will make a significant contribution to protecting, conserving and enhancing Europe’s natural capital and to improving the environment. And through practical actions and concrete examples, they will also support the goal of turning the EU into a resource efficient, greener and more competitive low-carbon economy.”
02 July 2013The latest LIFE Focus publication highlights the role of LIFE Nature funding in helping to conserve Europe's endangered large carnivores (brown bear, wolf, Eurasian lynx), by addressing actual and potential conflicts with people living in areas where these species are present.
The publication demonstrates the link between project outcomes and EU policy relating to large carnivore conservation and is designed to support the EU Action on Large Carnivores. As well as providing an overview of the LIFE programme's impact to date, it also draws conclusions about what has worked well and where there is room for improvement. With more than 75 featured projects, LIFE and human coexistence with large carnivores provides numerous practical examples and lessons that can be drawn from the LIFE programme's work in this area.
01 July 2013The LIFE+ Nature project MIRDINEC (LIFE09 NAT/SE/000344) brought together more than 30 experts from across the EU, as well as Australia, New Zealand and the United States, for a final conference and Platform Meeting (thematic seminar) in Luleå, northern Sweden (June 16-18), on the hot topic of the management of Invasive Alien Predators (IAP). Several LIFE projects were represented at the event (see programme), which, after two days of presentations and fruitful discussions, led to the drafting of a 10-point proposal to the European Commission for the management of invasive alien species (IAS) - see the conference website for details.
In addition, delegates had the opportunity to visit sites where the MIRDINEC project, led by the Swedish Association for Hunting and Wildlife Management ('Svenska Jägareförbundet') is working to prevent the spread of the raccoon-dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides). A native of East Asia, large numbers of this invasive predator were released in western parts of the Soviet Union in the first half of the 20th Century, as a means of developing a fur industry around the species.