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What does the law say?

Under the new EU Timber Regulation (EUTR – Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 ), placing illegally harvested timber and products derived from such timber on the EU market is prohibited. The EUTR applies to wood and wood products being placed for the first time on the EU market. It counters the trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products by imposing three key obligations:

  1. Placing illegally harvested timber and products derived from such timber on the EU market for the first time, is prohibited.
  2. EU operators – those who place timber products on the EU market for the first time – are required to exercise ‘due diligence’.
  3. Traders – those who buy or sell timber and timber products already on the market – are required to keep information about their suppliers and customers to make timber easily traceable. 

What is included?

Both timber and timber products produced in the EU and those imported from outside are covered by the legislation. Timber which carries a FLEGT licence or a CITES permit is considered to comply with the Timber Regulation.

The legislation applies to a wide range of timber and timber products. It does not, however, cover all timber and timber products. A comprehensive list of products covered by the law can be found here.

Timber and timber products as classified in the Combined Nomenclature set out in Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 [1], to which this Regulation applies.

  • 4401 Fuel wood, in logs, in billets, in twigs, in faggots or in similar forms; wood in chips or particles; sawdust and wood waste and scrap, whether or not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms
  • 4403 Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or roughly squared
  • 4406 Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood
  • 4407 Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, whether or not planed, sanded or end-jointed, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm
  • 4408 Sheets for veneering (including those obtained by slicing laminated wood), for plywood or for other similar laminated wood and other wood, sawn lengthwise, sliced or peeled, whether or not planed, sanded, spliced or end-jointed, of a thickness not exceeding 6 mm
  • 4409 Wood (including strips and friezes for parquet flooring, not assembled) continuously shaped (tongued, grooved, rebated, chamfered, V-jointed, beaded, moulded, rounded or the like) along any of its edges, ends or faces, whether or not planed, sanded or end-jointed
  • 4410 Particle board, oriented strand board (OSB) and similar board (for example, waferboard) of wood or other ligneous materials, whether or not agglomerated with resins or other organic binding substances
  • 4411 Fibreboard of wood or other ligneous materials, whether or not bonded with resins or other organic substances
  • 4412 Plywood, veneered panels and similar laminated wood
  • 44130000 Densified wood, in blocks, plates, strips or profile shapes
  • 441400 Wooden frames for paintings, photographs, mirrors or similar objects
  • 4415 Packing cases, boxes, crates, drums and similar packings, of wood; cable-drums of wood; pallets, box pallets and other load boards, of wood; pallet collars of wood

    (Not packing material used exclusively as packing material to support, protect or carry another product placed on the market.)
  • 44160000 Casks, barrels, vats, tubs and other coopers’ products and parts thereof, of wood, including staves
  • 4418 Builders’ joinery and carpentry of wood, including cellular wood panels, assembled flooring panels, shingles and shakes
  • Pulp and paper of Chapters 47 and 48 of the Combined Nomenclature, with the exception of bamboo-based and recovered (waste and scrap) products
  • 940330, 940340, 94035000, 940360 and 94039030 Wooden furniture
  • 94060020 Prefabricated buildings

[1] Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff (OJ L 256, 7.9.1987, p. 1).

What is not included?

It is important to note that the list below is not exhaustive.

  • Recycled products;
  • Printed paper such as books, magazines and newspapers;
  • Packing material containing goods and used exclusively to support, protect or carry another product;
  • Some bamboo and rattan products;
  • Timber that is being bought or sold by private individuals for their own personal use;
  • Other products not included in the Annex*.

* To learn whether or not a product is covered, importers should consult the Combined Nomenclature set out in Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87