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Eco-label Environmental Compliance Assistance Program Green Public Procurement

Local Authority Corner


Green Public Procurment

Green Public Procurement is the process by which public authorities seek to reduce the environmental impact of the goods and services that they buy. The European Commission issued a Communication on Green Public Procurement as part of the package of measures in the Sustainable Production and Consumption and Sustainable Industrial Policy Action Plan. The aim is to foster a voluntary framework to ensure the procurement of goods and services that have the least impact on the environment throughout their whole life cycle. The Communication is covering all public procurement procedures. The goal is to use GPP to stimulate innovation in environmental technologies, products and services.

Local Government Networks and Organisations

Council of European Municipalities and Regions
The Council of European Municipalities and Regions is a voluntary organisation which has, since its creation in 1951, lead by a group of European mayors, worked in favour of promoting local freedom and the contribution from local and regional authorities towards European Construction. Today, CEMR unites 44 large national Associations of local and regional authorities in 31 European countries.

Assembly of European Regions
Created in 1985, the Assembly of European Regions (AER) is a political organisation of the regions of Europe and the speaker for their interests at European and international level. Its vocation: to bring together the regions of Europe and allow them, together, to act in the construction of Europe and European integration. The AER currently has 250 member regions from 26 European countries and 12 interregional organisations.

Committee of the Regions
The Committee of the Regions is the youngest of the European Union's institutions. It was created by the Maastricht Treaty of 1991, as a representative assembly with the job of giving local and regional authorities a voice at the heart of the European Union.

International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)
The International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) is an international association of local governments implementing sustainable development. Its mission is to build and serve a worldwide movement of local governments to achieve tangible improvements in global environmental and sustainable development conditions through cumulative local actions. More than 400 cities, towns, counties, and their associations worldwide comprise ICLEI's membership.

Energy Cities is the European Association of local authorities inventing their energy future. Created in 1990, Energy Cities members are mainly municipalities. The association represents more than 1,000 municipalities, the majority having between 100,000 and 300,000 inhabitants in 30 European countries.

The Network was founded in 1991 with an aim to promote cooperation between European cities of between 50000 and 250000 inhabitants. In the context of the common social, economic and environmental challenges facing Europe's medium sized cities, Eurotowns promotes its members' interests, and helps them to exchange information, develop new projects and find potential partners.

World Federation of United Cities (UTO)
Active for the past forty-five years, the World Federation of United Cities (formerly known as the United Towns Organisation - UTO) is an organisation of 1.400 local and regional Governments which is present today in over 80 countries.

International Union of Local Authorities (IULA)
With the foundation of the International Union of Local Authorities (IULA) in 1913, a new era in international municipal relations began. Formal and regular contacts between associations of municipalities were initiated. IULA's mission is to promote and unite democratic local governments worldwide. Presently there are seven Regional Sections which run their own local government training courses, set up information and documentation services, conduct research, consultancy and capacity building projects, and promote international cooperation between municipalities

WHO - Healthy Cities
Healthy Cities provides national and local governments with an effective means of dealing with health related issues such as poverty and social exclusion, pollution and sustainable development, lifestyles and living conditions, care and social support, urban planning and transport, and the special needs of vulnerable groups.

Energy Cities
Energy Cities is the European Association of local authorities inventing their energy future. Created in 1990, Energy Cities members are mainly municipalities. The association represents more than 1,000 municipalities, the majority having between 100,000 and 300,000 inhabitants in 30 European countries.

Local Government Programs, Projects and Databases

Cities for Climate Protection TM Campaign
ICLEI's Cities for Climate Protection Campaign (CCP), begun in 1993, is a global campaign to reduce the emissions that cause global warming and air pollution. By 1999, the campaign had engaged in this effort more than 350 local governments, who jointly accounted for approximately 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Local Agenda 21 Campaign
In 1991, at the invitation of Secretariat for the UN Conference on Environment and Development, ICLEI presented a draft of Chapter 28 of Agenda 21 including the mandate for all local authorities to prepare a "local Agenda 21." Following the adoption of the LA21 at the Earth Summit, ICLEI began organising to ensure that this mandate would be used to advance sustainable development. In particular, ICLEI was concerned that LA21 processes be truly participatory and that they result in new commitments by municipalities and their communities to improve and extend urban services in a sustainable way. To address these concerns, ICLEI established a Local Agenda 21 Initiative.

ICLEI's European Eco-Procurement Initiative
Eco-procurement stands for environmentally and economically responsible purchasing - green purchasing. It aims at helping governments achieve their environmental policy goals while meeting their budget lines. The prefix 'eco' combines the principles of both economy and ecology.

European ecoBUDGET
Project funded by the EU LIFE Programme aimed at demonstrating the value of eco-BUDGET in local authorities across Europe to manage their natural resources in a sustainable way on the basis of an integrated resource management approach according to self-binding targets.

Sub-network of EUROCITIES targeted at a new mobility culture in Europe's cities. Currently chaired by the City of Leeds, it involves 70 members, including small and medium-sized cities, from over 18 European countries. Central to its policy development, is local level action to help decision-makers develop sustainable mobility policies. The network produces position papers on sustainable transport, develops European projects and coordinates and organises working groups, thematic seminars and conferences to facilitate the exchange of experience between member cities. The Network is also actively involved in the organisation of the annual European Car Free Day and the European Mobility Week initiatives.

Sustainability Pacts Initiative
Coordinated by EUROCITIES and the Stockholm Region, the Sustainability Pacts initiative is a broad partnership of 20 medium and large cities and 14 regions across Europe covering 10 EU Member States. This initiative aims to ultimately facilitate agreements (so called target-based "tri-partite contracts") between the European Commission, Member States and other government levels to improve the implementation of existing European policies contributing to sustainable development in Europe, and to contribute to the more integrated and holistic trend all European levels of government are seeking with current Sustainable Development Strategies and the 6th Environment Action Programme.

Local Governments Network of Central and Eastern European Countries
Initiated in 1998 by the Austrian Association of Cities and Towns in co-operation with local authorities associations of candidate countries in order to use the capacity of Local Authorities Associations to communicate and to intensify the information exchange. LOGON is focusing on building structures for communication in order to support the know-how exchange on the main issues of responsibility of Local Authorities, like structural policy and regional policy, environmental protection, financial and economic policy and other issues with a strong impact on the local level.

Best Practices Database
This partly commercial database contains over 1600 examples from more than 140 countries in relation to the common social, economic and environmental problems of an urbanizing world. It demonstrates the practical ways in which public, private and civil society sectors are working together to improve governance, eradicate poverty, provide access to shelter, land and basic services, protect the environment and support economic development.

The European Local Transport Information Service is a portal for local transport news and events, transport measures, policies and practices implemented in cities and regions across Europe. The aim of ELTIS is to provide information and support for a practical transfer of knowledge and exchange of experience in the field of urban and regional transport in Europe.

Database of LIFE projects
LIFE, the Financial Instrument for the Environment, introduced in 1992, is one of the spearheads of the European Union's environmental policy. It co-finances projects in three areas: LIFE-Environment, LIFE-Nature and LIFE-Third Countries. The programme is open to all EU countries, some candidate countries and some third countries bordering the south of the Mediterranean and the Baltic Sea.