A full description of each of the selected 20 EMS as well as EMAS and ISO 14001 is available. For each EMS a fact sheet and a summary brochure have been developed in order to provide in-depth information on each EMS and to guide organisations in their step-up to EMAS. To go further, guidelines have also been developed for a selection of 6 EMS.
1.2.3. Environnement (France):
Bayerisches Umweltsiegel (Germany)
BS 8555 (United Kingdom)
ECOCAMPING (Various countries)
Ecodynamic Enterprise label (Belgium)
ECOPROFIT (Various countries)
Environmental Diploma Göteborg (Sweden)
Green Dragon Environmental Standard (United Kingdom and Ireland)
Green Key (Various countries)
Green Office (Finland)
Green Network/Key2Green (Denmark)
Grüner Gockel (Germany)
Hackefors Model (Sweden)
1.2.3 Environnement is a model for the establishment and certification of an environmental management system in three main stages. The third and last step can lead to ISO 14001 certification and/or EMAS registration. The Assembly of French Chambers of Commerce and Industry (ACFCI) in partnership with several French companies and public organisations use 1.2.3 Environnement to assist enterprises in implementing an EMS.
1.2.3 Environnement aims to facilitate SMEs’ achievement of ISO 14001 or EMAS accreditation. The EMS proposes a gradual approach and focuses on the environmental impact of working methods and management.
The “Bayerisches Umweltsiegel” was first implemented in 1997, based on the campaign “Environmentally friendly hotels and restaurants”. The sector-specific award is an important part of the “Bavarian Environmental Pact” and was developed from a voluntary agreement between the Bavarian Government and the Association of hotels and restaurants in Bavaria.
The EMS aims to make companies aware of environmental protection measures and to provide incentives for those working in an environmentally-friendly way.
The IEMA Acorn Scheme is an officially recognised EMS standard recommended by the UK government for evaluating organisations and improving their environmental performance. It is based on the British Standard BS 8555 and is comprised of a step-by-step approach with six levels.
The EMS scheme aims to encourage organisations to demonstrate that they are proactive in their approach to the management of their environmental impacts and are committed to improving their environmental performance.
e+5 is based on the BS 8555 standard and consists of a step-wise approach. Companies can implement the EMS in six different steps. Step five leads them to ISO 14001, step six to EMAS. Fundación Entorno developed e+5 in 1999. More than 900 companies have participated in the system.
e+5 has two main objectives: It supports suppliers to advance in a logical and gradual way to implement an environmental management system that improves its environmental performance and is recognised by clients, without having to wait for a full ISO 14001 or EMAS certification. It also provides client organisations with a tool that enables them to evaluate the environmental performance of its supply chain.
ECOCAMPING is an EMS that has been specifically developed for campsites. It was established in 1999 with 20 campsites from the Bodensee and the Lago Maggiore. To broaden the scope of the initiative, the ECOCAMPING association was founded by four campsite associations and four environmental organisations in 2002.
The overall objective of ECOCAMPING is to harmonise the environmental, economic, and quality aspects of campsites. Further objectives include the qualification of campsite managers and their employees, as well as an improved image and acceptance of the camping industry by public authorities.
The EcoCompass EMS is an easier and less expensive version of ISO 14001 and EMAS; however it also allows companies to progress up to these EMSs later. EcoCompass is a three-year joint municipality project that was launched in the Helsinki Metropolitan area in 2008. During the 3-year pilot phase, EcoCompass will target the tourism and printing industries. From 2011 onwards, it will be open to SMEs in all sectors.
The aim of the EcoCompass EMS is to encourage real actions that enable companies to both enhance their business operations and decrease their environmental impact. The EcoCompass system is developed specifically for SMEs.
The Ecodynamic Enterprise label was created in 1999 by Brussels Environment - IBGE, the Brussels Administration of the Environment and Energy. The EMS offers private companies and public administrations with a systematic approach to lowering their impact on the environment. The label is an official recognition of good environmental management practices by the Brussels Region.
The EMS aims to encourage companies in Brussels to voluntarily commit themselves to improving their environmental performance through a gradual and step-up approach.
The Eco-Lighthouse programme emerged from a Local Agenda 21 pilot project in the Norwegian city of Kristiansand in 1996 and has since developed into a nation-wide initiative. Today, most of the local authorities in central and south Norway run Eco-Lighthouse programmes. Specific criteria have been developed for 63 industries in close co-operation with companies. The criteria cover environmental, health and safety legislation as well as energy use and emissions and set benchmarks for each industry.
The Eco-Lighthouse Programme helps SMEs and public administrations in Norway to meet environmental challenges.
ECOPROFIT (ECOlogical PROject For Integrated Environmental Technology) was developed by the Environment Department of the City of Graz, Austria in 1991 in collaboration with the Technical University of Graz. ECOPROFIT is now being implemented in 19 countries on four continents, mostly in Austria and Germany. It is open to companies/institutions of all sectors and sizes and considered as a stepping stone to a formal EMS such as EMAS and ISO 14001.
Through the use of integrated environmental technologies, companies that implement ECOPROFIT will benefit from cost savings. At the same time the implemented measures will lead to an improvement of the local environment.
EcoStart was launched in 2006, with the goal of developing a less formal EMS for SMEs. EcoStart can be implemented in either a manufacturing or a service company.
EcoStart is being conducted for SMEs to improve eco-efficiency and to enhance their environmental performance. One of the criteria concerning EcoStart was to build it so that it would be easy for a company to continue on to ISO14001 or EMAS.
EcoStep was developed between 2001 and 2004 by the “Umweltallianz Hessen” cooperation between the government of the German Land Hessen and representatives of industry and trade). EcoStep was established under the idea that because of financial and time constraints SMEs are often not in a position to run several management systems at the same time.
The objective of EcoStep is to integrate the basic requirements of different management systems within one scheme to facilitate their implementation by SMEs. The programme is developed on the basis of the main requirements of management systems such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and EMAS which also facilitates an easy step-up at a later stage.
Ekoscan was established in 1998 and has been constantly updated and developed ever since. In 2004 it became a certifiable standard. The Ekoscan certificate does not only mean that an environmental improvement plan has been defined, but also that the plan has obtained real results.
The Ekoscan scheme helps companies systemise environmental management and ensures compliance with applicable environmental legislation.
The Göteborg Environment Diploma is a programme that provides smaller companies with easy access to an EMS. The scheme was created by the Environment Administration of the City of Göteborg in 1995. Since then, more than 1000 companies have obtained the Diploma and the programme has spread to 26 other Swedish municipalities.
The aim of this scheme is to ensure that organisations establish an environmental management system and meet the standards that are set. The criteria of the EMS correspond to ISO 14001 and/or EMAS requirements.
The Green Dragon Environmental Standard was originally set up by Groundwork Wales together with ARENA Network, to help companies in Wales to develop an EMS in stages. The Green Dragon Standard quickly spread to Northern Ireland and there are now more than 1000 registered organisations throughout the UK and Ireland. The EMS has been recognised by the United Kingdom Accreditation Service (UKAS).
The scheme aims to provide simple and progressive steps towards a formal EMS for any organisation, large or small, in the UK and Ireland.
Green Key was developed for hotels in Denmark in 1994, and in 1998 France joined and started labelling camping sites. Today, criteria are available for hotels, camping sites, hostels, summer houses, restaurants, leisure facilities, and conference facilities.
The comprehensive demands put on the labelled businesses comprise demands on environmental management, on technical measures, on communication, and on environmental education. The Green Key is unique in the sense that it focuses on environmental education.
Green Office is a voluntary certification programme operated by WWF Finland. The scheme is suited to offices – both large and small – in private companies, the public sector and other organisations.
The aim of the programme is to offer offices a simplified environmental management and certification system, with a special focus on CO2 emissions.
The Green Network is a regional network in Denmark promoting sustainability in companies. It is voluntary and mutually binding for the partners: public authorities and companies. It was founded in 1994 within a "Green City" competition in the Danish region Vejle promoting the greening of local businesses. In 2002 the focus was broadened to include sustainability.
Private companies and public sector partners work together in Green Network to achieve greater sustainability in the fields of environment, social commitment and occupational health and safety.
The Grüner Gockel is an EMS for church facilities in Germany. The evangelical church of Württemberg developed the basis of the Grüner Gockel scheme in 2000. The scheme is available across Germany, and it was designed with a potential EMAS certification in mind.
Objectives are to protect the environment while reducing operating costs. As a by-product, environmental management stimulates the life within the parish. Furthermore, the church is seen as an example that is followed by many, so that the implementation of the EMS will have important indirect impacts on the members of the congregation.
The Hackefors Model was established in Sweden as a way to improve the environmental performance of SMEs and to implemented ISO 14001 cluster certifications. It was first implemented in the district of Hackefors by the private company Altea AB. There are now some 24 networks and over 400 SMEs using the model to achieve ISO 140001 certification.
The model was designed and structured to help SMEs to implement and achieve joint ISO 14001 certification with the idea that group certification makes it easier and cheaper for the participating SMEs.
An environmental management system for handicraft companies in Bavaria was developed in 1997. In 2005 the EMS was renamed Qualitätsverbund Umweltbewusster Betriebe (QuB – Quality Association of environmentally conscious companies) and the focus was broadened to allow non-handicraft companies to participate in the EMS.
It is the main objective of QuB to have an EMS that is tailored to the needs of SMEs. Apart from environmental management, it also includes issues of quality management, occupational health and safety and organisational development.
The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a voluntary management tool for companies and other organisations that was designed to evaluate, report, and improve their environmental performance. Since 1995, companies have been able to participate in the scheme. It was originally restricted to companies in industrial sectors but has widened its focus in 2001 and participation is now open to all economic sectors including public and private services. The latest revision (EMAS III) came into effect on 11 January 2010.
The objective of EMAS is to ensure continued improvement of the environmental performance of public and private organisations by addressing a number of key issues such as the establishment of an environmental management system, the provision of information on environmental performance and an open dialogue with the public and other stakeholders.
ISO 14001:2004 is part of a series of international standards, which lay down the requirements for environmental management systems. ISO 14001:2004 is one of ISO’s most well known and widely implemented standards. It is used worldwide by large and small businesses and organisations, in public and private sectors, by manufacturers and service providers, and in all sectors of activity.
ISO 14001 sets out how organisations can put in place an effective EMS. The standard is designed to address the balance between maintaining profitability and reducing environmental impacts with the commitment of the entire organisation