An Indian-UK collaborative study has set out six key considerations to facilitate transfer of low-carbon technologies to developing countries to help fight global climate change.
The transfer of low carbon technologies to developing countries is essential if reductions in global CO2 emissions are to be realised. The economies of China and India are growing at exceptional rates, and the unavoidable product of such growth is a dramatic increase in greenhouse-gas emissions. Taking the example of India, emissions increased by 61% between 1990 and 2001. At this rate, it will draw level with China in 2030.
In order to facilitate the transfer of low-carbon technologies, the UK and India came together to assess the existing barriers. The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Indian Ministry of the Environment and Forestry commissioned the Sussex Energy Group (SEG), the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) and the Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) of India to analysis the transfer of environmental technologies between the developed and developing worlds.
The study concentrated on two case studies: hybrid vehicles and coal-fired power generation via integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC). As a result, it produced six key policy considerations on how best to facilitate transfer of low-carbon technologies to developing countries: