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Dioxin exposure and health

Documents available for download

Dioxin moleculePlease note that, for environmental and cost reasons, printed copies of these reports are not available from the Commission.

However, all documents are freely available here in PDF format. Where possible, very large reports have been divided up into manageable file sizes so that only the most relevant parts of the report have to be downloaded.

Compilation of EU Dioxin exposure and health data

This report consists of a summary and several 'tasks' addressing specific issues. The following documents are available:

Dioxins and other POPs in by-products, recyclates and wastes and their potential to enter the food chain – Stage II

Preparatory Actions in the Field of Dioxins and PCBs

European Dioxin Inventory

As this report is very large, it has been split up into several individual parts which can be downloaded separately. The contents of the report are shown below. A link for each chunk of the report is provided, along with the size of the relevant PDF file.

The publication data for the Dioxin Inventory reports (Stage I 1997 and stage II 2001) are the following:
Publisher: North Rhine-Westphalia State Environment Agency (LUA NRW)
Authors: Dr Ulrich Quass, Dr Michael Fermann, Prof. Dr. Günter Bröker
ISSN 0947-5206
The studies were carried out on behalf of the European Commission.

  • 1.1 Emission Estimates
  • 1.2 Data gaps/recommendations:
    • Municipal Solid Waste Incineration
    • Iron Ore Sinter Plants
    • Clinical Waste Incineration
    • Non-Ferrous Metal Industry
    • Residential Wood Combustion
    • Fires
    • Road Traffic
    • Final conclusions
    • Tables VII-XV
  • 3 Introduction (~60K)
  • 3.1 Dioxins and Furans - Structure and Composition
  • 3.2 Sources of dioxins
  • 3.3 Toxicological aspects
    • 3.3.1 General
    • 3.3.2 Pharmacocinetic and metabolism
    • 3.3.3 Acute and chronic toxicity
    • 3.3.4 Specific toxicity
    • 3.3.5 Tolerated PCDD and PCDF intake
    • 3.3.6 Toxic Equivalent Factors
    • 3.3.7 Consequences
    • 3.4 Technical Abatement Measures
    • 3.4.1 Primary measures
    • 3.4.2 Secondary measures
  • 4 Methodological Approach (~15K)
  • 4.1 Data Collection
  • 4.2 Reporting
  • 4.2.1 Structure of PART III
  • 4.2.2 Structure of PART IV
  • 4.3 Reference Period
  • 4.4 Nomenclature used in this report
  • 5 Results (~55K)
  • 5.1 Air emissions
    • 5.1.1 Data available from national inventories
    • 5.1.2 Identification of emission sources likely to be relevant
    • 5.1.3 Reestimation of air emissions for all countries
    • 5.1.3.1 Approach
    • 5.1.3.2 Evaluation
  • 5.2 Emissions via waste water
  • 5.3 Emissions via residual materials
  • 6 Conclusions and recommendations

Materials (National emission data):

Releases of Dioxins and Furans to Land and Water in Europe

European Dioxin Emission Inventory Stage II

As this report is very large, it has been split up into three volumes, which can be downloaded separately. The contents of the report are shown below. A link for each volume is provided, along with the size of the relevant PDF file.

Return to the main page on dioxin exposure and health.