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Circular Economy

European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform

The European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform is a virtual open space whose aim is to promote the transition to a circular economy by facilitating policy dialogue among stakeholders and by disseminating activities, information, and good practices on the circular economy. Stakeholders will be able to take part in the Platform by participating in the annual conference and by interacting on the website to look for good practices, to engage with other stakeholders and to share their own good practices and events.

The activities of the platform will be coordinated by its Coordination Group. It is supported in its tasks by a Secretariat run by the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). You can contact the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform at and on the hashtag #CEStakeholderEU. The members of the Coordination Group contribute to gather best practices on circular economy, to raise awareness about existing national, regional or local strategies, to identify challenges and opportunities for the transition to a circular economy among policy makers, businesses, trade unions, civil society, etc.

You can discover the organisations that are members of the Coordination Group here.

If you want to know more, please read the document "Aim and structure of the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform" and its annex "Terms of Reference of the Coordination Group". You can find frequently asked questions here.


Implementation of the Circular Economy Action Plan

Key initiatives for 2017

The Commission will continue to deliver on the Circular Economy Action Plan. This will include the presentation of a strategy for plastics in the circular economy, an assessment of options for the improved interface between chemicals, products and waste legislation, a legislative proposal on water reuse and a monitoring framework on circular economy.

Circular Economy Stakeholder Conference:

To showcase the key deliverables achieved so far and to debate future deliverables with stakeholders, the Commission and the European Economic and Social Committee organised a Circular Economy Stakeholder Conference on 9-10 March 2017 in Brussels. On this occasion the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform was launched.

Have a look at the main highlights of the conference (EN-FR) and at the operational conclusions (EN-FR) of DAY 2 in the reports prepared by the European Commission and the European Economic and Social Committee.

The event was web-streamed and you can follow the sessions here:








Summary - key messages for the next day


Report on Implementation

One year after adopting its Circular Economy Package, the Commission reported on the delivery and progress of key initiatives of its 2015 Action Plan: Report on the implementation of the Circular Economy Action Plan and annex.

Together with the report, the Commission also:

For more information: press release and questions and answers.


Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy

The European Commission adopted an ambitious Circular Economy Package, which includes revised legislative proposals on waste to stimulate Europe's transition towards a circular economy which will boost global competitiveness, foster sustainable economic growth and generate new jobs.

The Circular Economy Package consists of an EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy that establishes a concrete and ambitious programme of action, with measures covering the whole cycle: from production and consumption to waste management and the market for secondary raw materials. The annex to the action plan sets out the timeline when the actions will be completed.

The proposed actions will contribute to "closing the loop" of product lifecycles through greater recycling and re-use, and bring benefits for both the environment and the economy.

The revised legislative proposals on waste set clear targets for reduction of waste and establish an ambitious and credible long-term path for waste management and recycling. Key elements of the revised waste proposal include:

  • A common EU target for recycling 65% of municipal waste by 2030;
  • A common EU target for recycling 75% of packaging waste by 2030;
  • A binding landfill target to reduce landfill to maximum of 10% of municipal waste by 2030;
  • A ban on landfilling of separately collected waste;
  • Promotion of economic instruments to discourage landfilling ;
  • Simplified and improved definitions and harmonised calculation methods for recycling rates throughout the EU;
  • Concrete measures to promote re-use and stimulate industrial symbiosis - turning one industry's by-product into another industry's raw material;
  • Economic incentives for producers to put greener products on the market and support recovery and recycling schemes (eg for packaging, batteries, electric and electronic equipments, vehicles).

The following legislative proposals on waste have been adopted:

Benefits of the Circular Economy

The Circular economy offers an opportunity to reinvent our economy, making it more sustainable and competitive. This will bring benefits for European businesses, industries, and citizens alike. With this new plan to make Europe’s economy cleaner and more competitive, the Commission is delivering ambitious measures to cut resource use, reduce waste and boost recycling.


For more information:

  • Circular Economy Package: Press release and questions & answers
  • Factsheet: Closing the Loop: Helping consumers choose sustainable products and services
  • Factsheet: Closing the Loop: The Production Phase of the Circular Economy
  • Factsheet: Closing the Loop: Clear Targets and Tools for Better Waste Management
  • Factsheet: Closing the Loop: From Waste to Resources




In December 2014, the Commission decided to withdraw its legislative proposal on waste, but the Commission committed at the same time to use its new horizontal working methods to present a new package by the end of 2015 which would cover the full economic cycle, not just waste reduction targets, drawing on the expertise of all the Commission's services.

Previous proposal on circular economy: