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Animals used for scientific purposes

Other resources and organisations

Other resources

  • Consensus meetings on the care and use of fish, wildlife and agricultural animals in research is provided by Norecopa. It contains presentations, guidelines and consensus statements from four international meetings covering all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge.
  • Films showing handling and basic techniques in common laboratory animal species. Produced by Norecopa containing sort films, which alternatively can be viewed as slide series, illustrating common techniques. It is in English and free of charge.
  • Global list of guidelines related to laboratory animal science. The website is maintained by Norecopa. It covers all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge.  
  • Guidelines for the care and use of animals in research and teaching. The website is maintained by Norecopa. It covers all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge. 
  • Guidelines on the care and use of fish in research. The website is maintained by Norecopa. It covers all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge.  
  • Guidelines for "Good Scientific Practice" from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (available in English). They may apply for a Three R information retrieval and the way, the retrieved information is processed and discussed in the project applications (to safeguard transparency, etc.).  
  • German language web-sites for "best practice" in breeding, accommodation, care and use of animals:;
  • The Macaque Website is a free, public resource for those working with, or is interested in, laboratory macaques. It provides peer-reviewed, referenced information and practical guidance – including informative videos and images – on improving macaque welfare and implementing best practice for their care and management in captivity. The site showcases some high quality housing systems and enrichment ideas, and can also be used to improve understanding of macaque behaviour and natural history.
  • Procedures with Care Website by Newcastle University, NC3Rs and IAT, provides a series of resources to support the adoption of best practice for commonly used procedures in animal research. The focus is on rats and mice but further material will be added to expand the range of techniques and species in the future.   
  • Searching for 3Rs Information - Published Literature Sources - The UK Pharmaceutical Industry document assists researchers and information professionals in the pharmaceutical industry to retrieve relevant information on animal alternatives and the 3Rs. It covers core 3Rs journals across 12 key bibliographic databases,  details of scope, strengths & weaknesses, and useful search terms for each database, a list of keywords useful for 3Rs and animal alternatives searching, an example generic search strategy and selected other information resources.  


Resources for project planning, experimental design and reporting

  • ARRIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines and checklist by NC3Rs to improve the reporting of research using animals – maximising information published and minimising unnecessary duplication of studies.
  • CAMARADES provides a supporting framework for groups involved in the systematic review and meta-analysis of data from animal studies in experimental studies in this section relating to Systematic Reviews.
  • The Experimental Design Assistant (EDA) is a free online tool from the NC3Rs, designed to guide researchers through the design of their experiments, helping to ensure that they use the minimum number of animals consistent with their scientific objectives, methods to reduce subjective bias, and appropriate statistical analysis. EDA provides feedback and advice on the experimental plan; support for randomisation, blinding and sample size calculation; practical information to improve knowledge of experimental design. EDA report is designed to provide all key data on experimental design to both funders and those tasked with project evaluation.
  • PREPARE guidelines by Norecopa are designed to assist in the planning of animal experiments, including a checklist in 13 languages.
  • SyRF is the CAMARADES-NC3Rs in vivo systematic review and meta-analysis facility. It aims to provide an easily accessible source of methodological support, mentoring, guidance, educational materials and practical assistance to those wishing to embark on systematic review and meta-analysis of data from in vivo studies.


Organisations in the field of "Three Rs"