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Animals used for scientific purposes


  • AnimAlt-ZEBET database - the database of the Zentralstelle zur Erfassung und Bewertung von Ersatz- und Ergänzungsmethoden zum Tierversuch, is a full-text database of evaluated alternative methods to animal experiments in biomedicine and related fields. All documents are evaluated from the '3-Rs' concept. Sources are approx. 800 different books, journals, and monographs, laws, regulations, directions, guidelines, recommendations, pharmacopoea, dissertations, congress papers, proceedings of meetings, conferences, and symposia. The method number, method title, keywords, evaluation, abstract and bibliographic references are searchable.

  • EMBASE from Elsevier Life Science Solutions is an international database for biomedical researchers. It enables to track and retrieve precise information on drugs and diseases from pre-clinical studies to searches on critical toxicological information. It covers over 25 million indexed records from thousands of peer-reviewed journals.

  • The EURL ECVAM DataBase service on ALternative Methods (DB-ALM) includes a collection of data-sets providing factual information (not only bibliographic references) presented as evaluated (and therefore ready-to-use) data sheets. It provides an overall picture on the state-of-the-art of alternative methods for a given topic area in the form of method summary descriptions and/or more detailed information, such as protocols and results to allow the transfer and use of a method by a laboratory. Current focus is given to toxicology, but is not limited to it.

  • EURL ECVAM QSAR Model Inventory of the Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) contains information on the validity of (Q)SAR models that have been submitted to the JRC. The database is intended to help to identify valid (Q)SARs, e.g. for the purposes of REACH. For the description of the models an internationally standardised Model Reporting Format (QMRF) is used providing key information on (Q)SAR models, including the results of any validation studies. The information is structured according to the OECD principles for the validation of (Q)SAR models.

  • Europe PubMed Central (Europe PMC) is a full-text article database offering free access to biomedical literature resources such as PubMed abstracts, Europe PMC full text articles, Patent abstracts, NHS clinical guidelines, Agricola records and Chinese Biological Abstracts. It is supported by 26 funders of life sciences and biomedical research, including charities and government organisations across Europe, led by the Wellcome Trust. Europe PMC is developed by the European Bioinformatics Institute, The University of Manchester and the British Library.

  • The Interspecies Database, by the 3Rs-Centre Utrecht Life Sciences, provides insight into physiological, anatomical and biochemical parameters of different animal species and humans. Data can be compared in a user-friendly way to allow for a smarter choice of an animal model to better approach the human situation. This improves the scientific research quality as well as saves time, money, and especially animals.

  • 3R Guide, maintained by Norecopa in collaboration with the Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) of the US Department of Agriculture, is a global database of guidelines, databases, information centres, journals and email lists of relevance to researchers, animal welfare bodies, national committees and others involved in the planning and assessment of animal experiments. Records have been indexed by Type (e.g. database), Category (e.g. Blood sampling) and 3R-relevance (e.g. Refinement), to make it easier to identify relevant resources quickly.

  • NORINA (A Norwegian Inventory of Audiovisuals) is a database with search engine on the website. It contains audiovisual aids that can be used to replace or supplement the use of animals or animal material in teaching and training at all levels from schools to University. It contains at present information on 3,900 products, classified into 23 categories (e.g. anatomy, physiology) and 24 types (e.g. computer program, model). It covers all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge.

  • PubMed comprises more than 22 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. Abstracts contained in PubMed are free of charge, however, a cost is usually associated with the full articles.

  • TextBase is a database with search engine on website. It provides description of textbooks and other written material within Laboratory Animal Science. It includes also textbooks and hand-outs on dissections. It can be used as a resource by researchers and staff at a laboratory animal facility when planning or conducting animal experiments. The dissection manuals in TextBase can be used as guides to dissection or as replacements. It contains at present information on 1,500 products, searchable by free text, title, author, publication year or publisher. It covers all Three Rs, is in English and free of charge.

  • Toxicology Data Network contains 14 databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases hosted by US National Library of Medicine.

  • Web of Knowledge, part of Web of Science, hosted by Thomson Reuters provides a single destination to access the most reliable, integrated, multidisciplinary research. Quality, curated content delivered alongside information on emerging trends, subject specific content and analysis tools make it easy for students, faculty, researchers, analysts, and program managers to pinpoint the most relevant research to inform their work. It provides information from data, books, journals, proceedings or patents.