Best practices examples and guidance
The following are examples and links of ‘best practice’ and of private entrepreneurs marrying business interests with biodiversity concerns. They show that the concepts of being a profitable organisation and environmentally conscious are not mutually exclusive, but rather completely achievable, often with one feeding the other.
B@B Platform publications
Case studies from B@B Participants:
Certification of sustainable forest management helps achieve goals for protecting and managing biodiversity, combating illegal logging and possibly, monitoring and certifying carbon sequestration. Certification can thus be seen as a market initiative to inform consumers of wood products that these products originate from forests that are used and managed in a sustainable way. This is verified by an audit by an independent third party and is measured against a number of criteria, which are specific to each certification scheme. Certified forests do not necessarily have a high biodiversity value, but it opens possibilities for the introduction of more biodiversity-oriented management. The two most important certification schemes in Europe are the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes (PEFC).
FLOPEN (Grupo de Gestão Florestal da FLOPEN) – Portugal
This Portuguese case describes how multiple, small, privately owned forests in the Coimbra Region achieved certification where there was no prior history of application of silvicultural planning or operations and much initial scepticism about certification. FLOPEN (Grupo de Gestão Florestal da FLOPEN) was the first multiple-ownership, micro-properties group scheme to be certified in Portugal. Ref: http://www.fsc.org/smallholders_cs_eng.html
Anders WALL Award
The European Landowners Organisation has been running an award scheme, with the cooperation of the European Commission, called the Anders WALL Award. This initiative was created to encourage and promote efforts made by creative entrepreneurs who have contributed to creating a ’’positive rural environment’’; this includes landscape preservation, biodiversity enhancement, cultural heritage conservation and contribution to the rural economy within the European Union, since 2002. As a result of this process notable best practise examples have been underlined, and in this instance many examples of outstanding sustainable forestry activities.
Forstbetrieb Morsleben (DE) - Renaturation
The private owners began a reforestation project on a particular piece of land was badly damaged during the Cold War; a large portion of the forest was turned into waste-land by military units to build up the iron curtain. For 40 years a strip was poisoned by weed-killers built with a fence and covered with land mines, anti tank obstacle and automatic firing devices. It has become a well-known model for successful re-forestation, incorporating the greatest possible variety of wood species. The entire area was enriched by 4 lakes and 5 natural clearings and thus becoming a paradise for the variety of wild animals living there. Within 14 years the applicants turned this heavily beaten piece of land with more than 1 Million Euros of investment from a border to a natural paradise with a great variety of healthy plants and wildlife.
The Forestry of Dafnondas SA (GR)
Dafnondas is a good example of multi-purpose and sustainable forestry, and an example for future Greek forest policy. After a thorough inspection, the forest received an “Attestation of Sustainable Management” by the Society for the Environment and Sustainability on Earth, a non-governmental and independent scientific organisation.