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Beyond GDP

Measuring progress, true wealth, and well-being

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What is the 'Beyond GDP' initiative

The Beyond GDP initiative is about developing indicators that are as clear and appealing as GDP, but more inclusive of environmental and social aspects of progress.

This website updates on recent developments and ongoing work.


Arcadis 2016

The 2016 Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index

Balancing the needs of today without compromising those of tomorrow is necessary to make cities sustainable. The Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index measures three dimensions of urban sustainability: social (People), environmental (Planet) and economic (Profit). The 2016 edition of the index is based on an expanded data set covering 100 cities (compared to 50 in the previous edition) at different stages of evolution. The overall score of each city is given by the average of the scores separately obtained on each of the three sub-indexes. The findings indicate that no city effectively balances all three dimensions of sustainability. Overall, European cities perform better than emerging cities Zurich is the best performing city and also reaches the highest score in the Planet sub-index.

GGEI 2016

Global Green Economy Index

Dual Citizen LLC, a US based consultancy firm, launched in 2010 the Global Green Economy Index (GGEI) drawing on the OECD Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators. The 2016 edition of the GGEI performance index is based on 32 quantitative and qualitative indicators measuring the performance of 80 countries and 50 cities on four key green economy dimensions: leadership & climate change, efficiency sectors, markets & investment, and environment & natural capital. Sweden is the top performing country, followed by Norway, Finland and Switzerland. Copenhagen was the top performing ‘green city’ in the perception survey, followed by Stockholm, Vancouver, Oslo and Singapore. This index is complemented with a GGEI “Perception Survey” collecting assessments from expert practitioners on the same four dimensions. According to respondents, the best perceived performer is Germany, followed by United States, Denmark and Sweden.

BCG 2016

The Boston Consulting Group publishes the 2016 Sustainable Economic Development Assessment

Developed by the Boston Consulting Group and available since 2012, the Sustainable Economic Development Assessment (SEDA) measures wellbeing through 44 indicators covering three elements and ten dimensions: economics (income, economic stability and employment), investments (health, education and infrastructure) and sustainability (income equality, civil society, governance and environment). Each countries' scores reflects current levels of and improvements in well-being, which are calculated overall and for each of the ten dimensions. Such scores capture how effectively countries convert income into wellbeing and economic growth into wellbeing improvements. The 2016 SEDA was applied to 162 countries and Hong Kong. While western European countries reach the top wellbeing levels, Asian and African countries exhibit the most considerable recent progress. The scores of 15 sub-Saharan countries are in the top quintile for recent progress.

National News

Going Beyond GDP