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The Green Economy

Economic policy must be used to encourage sustainable behaviour, taking account of the value of natural systems.

In the past, economic growth often seemed to depend on using up natural resources as though supplies were unlimited. The result is a 'resource crisis', with a threat of shortages and rising prices.

Today, growing numbers of citizens and economists are looking to different economic models, where wealth can be created without harming the environment.

In this section you can find out how the EU is helping citizens and governments to green their economies, through better management of resources, economic instruments that are good for the environment, support for innovation, better policies for water and waste, and efforts to boost sustainable consumption and production.