The so called "Type II partnerships" were designed to be an important
complemen-tary outcome of the WSSD. They are voluntary, non-negotiated,
multi-stakeholder agreements which should contribute to the implementation of Agenda
21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg
Plan of Implementation. More than 200 of them were launched during the WSSD.
Areas covered by Partnerships include:
Changing unsustainable patterns of production and consumption;
Health and sustainable development;
Protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social de-velopment;
Sustainable development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS);
Sustainable development initiatives for Africa;
Means of implementation including capacity building, education, finance or trade;
Local authorities and urbanisation.
The EU has launched at WSSD a number of Partnership initiatives such as the
EU Energy Initiative, the
Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coallition (JREC) or the
EU Water Initiative (EUWI). It also supports and participates in many different partner-ships
across the world.