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The so called "Type II partnerships" were designed to be an important complemen-tary outcome of the WSSD. They are voluntary, non-negotiated, multi-stakeholder agreements which should contribute to the implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. More than 200 of them were launched during the WSSD.

Areas covered by Partnerships include:

  • Changing unsustainable patterns of production and consumption;
  • Health and sustainable development;
  • Protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social de-velopment;
  • Sustainable Tourism;
  • Sustainable development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS);
  • Sustainable development initiatives for Africa;
  • Means of implementation including capacity building, education, finance or trade;
  • Local authorities and urbanisation.
  • The EU has launched at WSSD a number of Partnership initiatives such as the EU Energy Initiative, the Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coallition (JREC) or the EU Water Initiative (EUWI). It also supports and participates in many different partner-ships across the world.


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